Explaining the philosophical base of the social sciences.
Philosophy Outcome 3: Explaining the philosophical base of the social sciences Gregor Leishman: Class 1X The debate between freewill and determinism has long been discussed in the circles of philosophy but, the freewill and determinism debate has not been exclusively held by philosophers, but has been debated in many of the social sciences. In the context of philosophy though, the term determinism is usually used for the accounts of our human choices and actions that make them into effects of causal sequences. These sequences are of such a kind as to raise the question about the freedom of choices and actions we make. The theory of determinism is that all events are caused, or determined by antecedent conditions. So if the antecedent condition has not occurred then the event would not have occurred. In this it is saying that nothing happens by chance. Freewill in the context of philosophy can be explained as the power a person has to detach themselves from inner motivation and then choosing from several alternatives. This means that freewill itself can contain decisions that are both controlled by the person and not totally controlled by antecedent factors. Although there may be antecedent factors the person has the ability to step back from any psychological factors, such as desire or an emotion. Even with desires and emotions, the person is free to decide to do
Scene 10, The Open Ground
Scene 10, "The Open Ground" From: "In the distance, Audrey and Angela are approaching, pushing the squeaky pram" To: "Raymond stands on his head" Discuss, in detail, how you would play either Audrey or Raymond in the selected scene. You will need to refer to voice, movement, gesture and facial expression as well as how your chosen character responds to others on the stage. Blue Remembered Hills by Dennis Potter is a play set during WWII. It is based in the Forest of Dean in the West Country. It follows a group of seven-year-old children as they play together on a hot summer's day in 1942. In this essay, I am going to discuss how I could play the character Raymond in Scene 10, "The Open Ground". It would be hard for me to play a character a lot younger than myself so to help me I would work on developing my speech, facial expression, movement, gestures, and how I would respond to other characters onstage. In this selected part of the scene, we first see Raymond trying to tease Willie with the line, 'Her's p-pup-pretty, is her, Willie?', after Willie shyly said, 'Angela's all right'. The group are clearly looking for something to do, discussing which games to play. Raymond is later challenged to see how long he can last standing on his head, being dared by the others (believing that he will not do it, although John and Audrey start reasoning with Peter),
The task assigned was to write a play based upon any themes that occurred in the GCSE text we had been studying e.g: Dysfunctional relationships, broken families or a play following a structural pattern like 'walking with shadows'.
Devised Practical Evaluation For 'The Network' by James Jawad For my Devised project I chose to work with fellow classmates Abby Hammond, Zoë Gilvear and Stephanie Cox, also my group had lights specialist Peter Jenkins. The task assigned was to write a play based upon any themes that occurred in the GCSE text we had been studying e.g: Dysfunctional relationships, broken families or a play following a structural pattern like 'walking with shadows'. The original idea our group had was to follow a similar structure to 'walking with shadows ' with flashbacks and non-naturalistic characters but this idea was ruled out as it would be very difficult to execute a play of that style with four characters without the play lasting an hour. After much deliberation we decided that we would link the ideas of dysfunctional relationships and broken families. This would fit nicely into a twenty minute play and enable our group to mould around an idea for a sustained period of time before our performance. Now that we had decided on a theme, we had to decide on an appropriate storyline, this was awkward but with most of the options being difficult for one boy to blend into we had to dig deep for a reasonable idea. Then I stumbled on the perfect storyline in the local newspaper it was an article on two young girls who created a suicide pact and only one died. This had one stumbling block that I
Describe the nature, qualities and essential object of matrimonial consent according to Canon law and Canonical Doctrine. Comment on the required capacity of the parties to give a valid consent.
Canon 1057.1 of the Code of Canon Law states, "A marriage is brought by into being by the lawfully manifested consent of persons who are legally capable this consent cannot be supplied by any human power" a) Describe the nature, qualities and essential object of matrimonial consent according to Canon law and Canonical Doctrine b) Comment on the required capacity of the parties to give a valid consent. Canon 1057.2 defines what matrimonial consent is, an act of will by which a man and a woman by an irrevocable covenant mutually give and accept one another for the purpose of establishing a marriage. Natural capacity, capacitas, is the capacity of the parties to posit a human act. So the consent must be from both parties and it must be an act of will. Consent cannot be feigned. It has to be deliberate and free, a deliberate act, which is a result of a series of internal acts to thought. It has to be free as well, meaning not forced upon the parties. A marriage is brought into being by the lawfully manifested consent of persons who are legally capable. This consent cannot be supplied by any human power.(Canon 1057.1) It has to be externally manifested: society needs to know. Consent must be mutual. In Gaudium et spes (par.48) one finds, "The intimate partnership of married life and love has been established by the Creator and qualified by His laws. It is rooted in the
Mrs. Brill lived her life in a faade.
E111 Mrs. Russell Mrs. Brill lived her life in a façade. Mrs. Brill appeared to be very lonely. To mask her loneliness, she often concerned herself with everyone else's affairs. She tried to make herself feel that she was better than other people. Mrs. Brill had a lot of sadness and hurt hidden inside of her. Mrs. Brill was a very lonely person. She had a lot of negative qualities to hide her many insecurities. For example she was very vain. She spoke of her "special seat" that only two other people shared with her. It was as if she were saying that she was the only person deserving enough to sit there. Most likely, she spoke like that because she was trying not to think of the fact that she was sitting there alone. She never talked about having a significant other in the story but rather at the end of the story it said that she went home to an empty "little dark room". She may have been alone because she only connected with people who acted the same way that she did. For example, Mrs. Brill spoke of a woman who dropped her flowers and when a little boy came to pick them up for her, she threw them away as if "they were poisoned". The woman showed no kind of appreciation for the courtesy that the little boy displayed. Mrs. Brill obviously connected with this woman on some level because she said that she did not know "whether to admire that or not". A normal person with
Should we outlaw gambling because of its addictive nature?
Should we outlaw gambling because of its addictive nature? Millions of people like to gamble, whether it is casino-style games, lotteries or betting on the global net. For some gambling is an addiction, a sickness just like alcoholism or cancer, that can destroy lives but for others it is just a way to have some fun; that's why there are some positive and some negative aspects about gambling. Is the negative point of view strong enough for us to want to outlaw gambling because of its addictive nature? Gambling can only be seen as entertainment if the person gambling has limits on to how much he or she bets and know when to stop. A gambler starts betting with small amounts of money and slowly larger and larger bets will follow. There are three stages in gambling addiction, according to the Arizona Council on Compulsive Gambling, Inc: winning phase, losing phase and depression phase. The gambler thinks he creates a better self-image by betting, and losses are seen as bad luck. Think of what problems may be caused by the non-stop obsession to win more money after losing some. People's lives change completely because of that. The gambler keeps betting until he loses all his savings and this is where the depression phase comes. The person is now controlled by the slot machines which seem to be more important than his family, his job and his other responsibilities. First of all
'Crossing over is an unconventional ghost story in that it doesn't adhere to traditional expectations. Explain uses of atmosphere in a variety of techniques. '
'Crossing over is an unconventional ghost story in that it doesn't adhere to traditional expectations. Explain uses of atmosphere in a variety of techniques. ' Although this story is unconventional it employs many techniques found in the more conventional ghost stories, use of tension, suspense and doubt. Storr takes and develops all that is in the more conventional story, applying it in different ways to crossing over. The writer continually questions the way in which we prioritise life and also questions our own sense of reality. In an almost kierkergaardien style Storr prioritises life which is described, by overshadowing it with the characters death at the end, for example the triviality of the girls worries,( 'she shouldn't go back...disagreeable task,') are indeed proven to be minor in comparison to the 'nothingness that pervades being'. In questioning the girls reality she too questions the reality of the reader, highlighting one of our main fears, that we don't exist, for we realise that as the character notices that she cant distinguish between her own death and living states so too do we find it impossible to prove at any point, for certain, that we are not dreaming rather than being in a waking state. This doubt accentuates the stories negative - death, while belief in what we appear to be told chooses to ignore the negative. Only at the end of the story are our
A Streetcar Named Desire task write-up
Over the last few lessons in drama we have been working on a number of tasks to do with Tennessee Williams' "A Streetcar Named Desire". These tasks involved using movement as well as words; some were naturalistic and others were much more abstract. Our first task was to walk like different characters from the play, focusing on the way they used certain parts of their body to show their personalities. First we had to walk like Stanley. Most of us walked with a confident swagger, sticking our chests or pelvises out to indicate his masculine pride. When we were asked to sit down in character, we sat back in a relaxed manner, opening our legs and perhaps loosely crossing our arms or draping them over the back of our chair, indicating total self-assuredness. Next we were asked to play Blanche. I decided to portray her as a fidgety person, constantly smoothing her clothes, fixing her hair or touching her face, to show her insecurities and lack of confidence. I also walked with short, dainty steps, to show how fragile and slight she is. When we sat down, I leaned forward slightly, with my shoulders slightly hunched, to show her vulnerability. Finally we were asked to portray Stella - standing upright, slightly tense as if waiting to heed to Stanley's latest demands - and Mitch - big, awkward, slightly more hunched and less confident-looking than Stanley. After this task, we were
Holy Cross Drama
By studying Holy Cross in detail, as part of our scheme of work in our Drama lessons I have learnt about the circumstances of Northern Ireland. I have learnt about the conflict between the Protestants and the Catholics of Northern Ireland often referred to as a diminutive civil war. I have been taught that Protestants and Catholics may find themselves in the situation of living relatively close to each other sharing a mutual hate for one another that may lead them to commit acts that could be seen as inhumane. Although when glancing at the situation the actions of some of the characters of Holy Cross may seem merciless, brutal or irresponsible, watching this drama and understanding the emotions of the characters has made some of their actions seem somewhat justified. One of the actions that I began to understand and agree with was the choice that Gerry McClure made, to walk his children through the Protestant area of Glenbryn, rather than taking an alternate route to get to school. Many people would see this action as irresponsible for putting his children in danger because of pride but by watching Holy Cross and getting the chance to play the role of Gerry we were enabled to understand the emotions and aims that led Gerry to make this decision which were rage, pride and the attempt to preserve the freedom he thought he thought they were being deprived of as Catholics. One
Evaluate the ways in which emotion might enhance and/or undermine reasoning as a way of knowing. To start this essay I will define the most important words as I understand them therefore emotion and reasoning
Evaluate the ways in which emotion might enhance and/or undermine reasoning as a way of knowing. To start this essay I will define the most important words as I understand them therefore emotion and reasoning will be defined and second I will explain the question. Emotion is what we feel as a reaction towards a person or situation for example: anger, love, and fear. Reasoning is logic, how we argument something, the way we make decisions or how we think and therefore it is how we react to situations. This question is asking us to explain how emotion can make it easier or harder to reason appropriately so it becomes a better or worse way of knowing. Emotion has a very big influence on most people's way of reasoning sometimes it makes this reasoning more reliable and in other cases emotion makes it less reliable. In the following essay the question will be answered from both sites. Emotion might enhance and/or undermine reasoning in several ways for example when you are happy you reason in a positive way but if you are sad or in a bad mood you reasoning is more negative. For example a man that had been promoted in his job he has a car accident and his car is in a very bad state, he firstly will think about that his insurance will pay for the damage. In the other site if a man has been fired from his job and he has a car accident under the same conditions as that other man,