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A Critical Analysis and Comparison 'Between Come, My Celia' and 'To His Coy Mistress'

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Introduction

A Critical Analysis and Comparison 'Between Come, My Celia' and 'To His Coy Mistress' Ben Jonson was born around June 11, 1572, the posthumous son of a clergyman. He was educated at Westminster School by the great classical scholar William Camden and worked in his stepfather's trade, bricklaying. The trade did not please him in the least, and he joined the army, serving in Flanders. He returned to England about 1592 and married Anne Lewis on November 14, 1594. Andrew Marvell was born in Yorkshire, on March 31st 1621. He travelled abroad writing poems until 1950 when Marvell became the tutor of twelve-year-old Mary Fairfax (later Duchess of Buckingham.) Around this time Marvell wrote 'To His Coy Mistress' and many other famous poems. During his last twenty years of life, Marvell was engaged in political activities, taking part in embassies to Holland and Russia. Marvell's poems were printed in 1681. Marvell died on 16th August 1678 of tertian ague. He was buried in the church of St. Giles-in-the-Fields. In 'Come, My Celia' we gain an insight into an unequal partnership where love seems unimportant where as in 'To His Coy Mistress' the couple are obviously in love. 'Come My Celia' was written to try and woo a member of the opposite sex. ...read more.

Middle

It grows "vaster than empires," (Line 12) meaning that their love is growing bigger than empires but at the same time they should make it complete by having sex. Many hyperboles are used to emphasise the mans love for his mistress, "love You ten years before the flood," (Lines 7 & 8) this clearly shows that he will love her forever no matter what happens in the mean time but it is exagerated. He claims he would happily spend a hundred years praising her eyes, and gazing at her forehead. As the main theme of this poem is sex, many physical references are made, such as "two hundred to adore each breast." (Line15) The main purpose of the stanza is to compliment the mistress. He does this by using romantic exaggeration. He explains to his mistress how he truly cares for her enough to spend hundreds of years simply gazing at her. However, this leads to a problem, as there is simply not enough time available. To show how great it would be if they had enough time to waste, the quote "walk and pass our long days/ by the Indian Ganges side" (Lines 4 & 5) exaggerates this as if they did have all the time in the world then they could waste it strolling around the countryside. ...read more.

Conclusion

This gives us a beautiful image of the passion between the lovers. The poem ends with "Thus though we cannot make our sun/ Stand still, yet we will make him run." (Lines 45 & 46) This means that they cannot make time stop 'stand still' so they should use it before it runs out to make children. While the poem starts out with the aim of seduction, it ends with beauty imagery of their true love for each other. Both poems were written in an attempt to woo a member of the opposite sex. They both have the same idea but both poets use different approaches. They Both Jonson and Marvell have many similarities but there are individual characteristics that the authors display. For example, Marvell, being cynic includes much more description. Both poems it is clear that the man is the more dominant figure, this was common knowledge in both Marvell and Jonson's time. Men 'ruled the roost'. Both poems use stanzas, with Marvell in particular using three very different stanzas to persuade the woman in three different ways, all three are very persuasive but using different imagery. Rhyming couplets are seen at the ends of every line in Marvell's poem, which helps the poem read smoothly. Overall I like both poems and think that the imagery used in both of them is excellent. ?? ?? ?? ?? Jon Wood - English GCSE Coursework - Mr. Moore 1 ...read more.

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