• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analysis on the novel, Waiting by Ha Jin.

Extracts from this document...


Today I'm going to give an analysis on the novel, Waiting by Ha Jin. To start with, I'll give you some short background information on the author. Ha Jin was born in 1956 in Liaoning, China where he spent his childhood during the Cultural Revolution. When he was fourteen, he joined and served the People's Liberation Army for six years. This allowed him to experience the suffering lives of the people during that time, and so he learned of their culture and their thoughts and habits. Having experienced this first-hand, Ha Jin had built the background of his future writings. He left China in 1985 for the United States to further study English literature, and earned a PhD. His works include two award-winning collections of stories, some poetry and the novel Waiting, which is the winner of the 1999 National Book Award for Fiction and also is the winner of the 2000 PEN/Faulkner award. Waiting is set in the time of the Cultural Revolution, based on a story that his wife told him the first he went to meet his in-laws (since they served in an army hospital). It tells a story about Lin Kong, a doctor practicing at an Army hospital in Muji City in China. There he has fallen in love with Manna Wu, a modern urban woman who works as a nurse in the same hospital. But Shuyu, his country wife in Goose Village refuses to divorce him, though besides Hua, their daughter, there is no love in their arranged marriage. ...read more.


The order of the world is rooted in every family, as Confucius said." But for Ha Jin, language was not a problem. He, who was once a Red Army soldier, is able to provide vivid imagery of the scenes using very simple language. Here are two examples of simple language used to describe nature scenes: the first one is the scene of the march in the winter of 1966 from Part One, chapter three; it describes the work going on in the pale moonlight, and that "stars glittered like brass nuggets above the pine woods that were swaying wave after wave in the south". The second example is in Part two, chapter 11, after Manna has told Lin that she was raped by Geng Yang, "A swarm of sparrows drifted past like a floating net and then disappeared in the leafless branches of a willow". These beautifully detailed scenes are realistic, told in very direct and stripped down language. A combination of this simple language with the imagery, allows the reader to feel the characters' frustrations. Describing nature is a tool that Ha Jin applied to when Lin runs into a problem and this creates a sense of silence, a time for thinking, allowing the reader to feel that he is watching the scene from Lin's very own eyes. Though the story itself is sometimes irritating slow, it actually builds up a tension as we wait for Shuyu to let Lin go. ...read more.


Since there are so many unknown things, we can only conclude that everyone falls in love. It's a fact. Man and woman fall in love. This is one of the universal appeals that Ha Jin uses in the novel and by applying it as a theme, he has achieved the universal idea that love goes on, leaving time behind. * Secondly, there are the symbols and the structure of the novel, which represent time. The main characters are direct representations of a framing device. In the novel, the characters are given time and opportunity to self-discover, but because they are so wrapped up with waiting for someone or something, they miss the wonderful opportunity to do so. Now, life seems like a one-way road, where in the beginning we are born and in the end, we die. But life is a cycle, while we live we try to share with others, and love gives a meaning and purpose to share until you reach the last stop at the grave. So your time in life is the second universal idea that Ha Jin has fused into the novel, and he has done that through the theme of waiting, the representations of the characters and the structure of the novel itself. To conclude this presentation, that very short summary of life, about how life is a cycle, shows us how well this Chinese author has been able to reach universality through the aspect of where our existence is naturally to be born, to take a journey through time, to love and to die. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Love Poetry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Love Poetry essays

  1. From close study of these to chapters from Captain Corelli’s Mandolin what do we ...

    We also derived from the last chapter that Dr Iannis did not always follow the Greek tradition when it came to his daughter, here we are told he "made me unpalatable, manly meals" It was also not in the Greek tradition to encourage girls to over-indulge.

  2. ‘Why, Mr Stevens, why, why, why do you always have to pretend?’ What ...

    This concept is ironically brought to bear, with the villagers of Moscombe mistaking Stevens for a 'gentleman'. Mr Taylor's comment 'you can tell a true gentleman from a false one that's just dressed in finery' is a startling reminder of the close similarity between Stevens and those he serves as a butler.

  1. 'Why would someone wait until marriage to have sex? What benefit is there? Why ...

    Sex is overrated. My boyfriend and I have both had sex in other relationships, which all ended badly, and we've been going out for almost 8 months, and we still haven't had sex. If we do get married, there will be that experience for us to share.

  2. Discuss Chaucer's characters: Dorigen & Aurelius

    and this seems to be the final thought on the matter as her promise should be disregarded. However this is, as Dorigen ill find out later, a fatal mistake in which she has just made. She has given hope to Aurelius and has led him along by issuing him a promise although it was "in pley".

  1. Since the beginning of human existence, there has been once practice,

    mechanics of sex, and the line ends with urgency in the word now. Pay for it in cash, fiction, cab-fares back to the life which crumbles like a wedding cake. He pays for the wine in cash, so there is no credit card receipt or statement to arouse suspicion.

  2. Explain how the rituals and vows connected with Christian marriage ceremonies might influence the ...

    the person you have chosen by making love, and it is about having children and caring for them, as God wants. Marriage is a covenant. The vows made form an agreement between the man and the woman, and between the couple and God.

  1. The philosophy I have about waiting until marriage is one that I've had on ...

    I want to experience that kind of meaningful sex. I have some old-fashioned values regarding relationships, but I'm very progressive in many ways. The philosophy I have about waiting until marriage is one that I've had on and off since about 1986.

  2. Marriage and Divorce

    happens, to want the other person in the relationship to be just as happy as you and to commit yourself and your life to the other person. To be loved means: to be cared for by your partner, to feel wanted by them, to be accepted by them whether you

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work