• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Christmas Carol: What do you think is the moral of this story and how does Dickens show it?

Extracts from this document...


Christmas Carol: What do you think is the moral of this story and how does Dickens show it? The opening Of Christmas Carol sets the mood, describes the setting and introduces many of the principal characters. Scrooge represents everything against Christmas. Scrooge represents apathy and all the things that stand in opposition with the Christmas spirit. The opening scene begins with Scrooge a mean spirited cheap skate in his counting house. Scrooge watched over his clerk, a poor man called Bob Cratchit like a hawk does over prey. Scrooge had a small fire yet Bob had an even smaller fire. The smouldering ashes in the fireplace provide little heat even for Bob's tiny room. Despite the harsh weather Scrooge refuses to pay for another lump of coal to warm the room. ...read more.


At Christmas time people have the Christmas cheer and a very cheerful mood is in the air. People show a spirit of good will and wouldn't dream of complaining about their employees having Christmas day off, and then demanding they made up the lost time the next day - boxing day. This portrays Scrooge as a heartless old money obsessed man. Just before Scrooge enters the house the doorknocker on his front door catches his attention. In the doorknocker in the face of his old partner, Jacob Marley. Scrooge looks again and the face is gone. With a disgusted "pooh, pooh" Scrooge enters his house. He makes little effort to brighten his home. This symbolises Scrooge as a tight character because in the winter nights you heat and lighten your house because it gets darker and colder earlier darkness is cheap and Scrooge liked it. ...read more.


The opening section also highlights the novels narrative style - a peculiar and highly Dickensian blend of wild comedy. Dickens takes aim at the Poor laws then governing the underclass of Victorian England. He exposes the flaws of the unfair system of government that essentially restricts the underclass to life in prison or in a workhouse. With a Christmas Carol Dickens hopes to illustrate how self serving insensitive people can be converted into charitable, caring, and socially conscious members of society through the intercession of moralising religious lessons. Warmth, generosity and overall goodwill overcome Scrooges bitter apathy as he encounters and learns from his memory. A Christmas carol is allegory in that it features events and characters with a clear, fixed symbolic meaning. In the novel Scrooge represents all the values that are opposed to the idea of Christmas- greed, selfishness and lack of goodwill towards ones fellow man. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE A Christmas Carol section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE A Christmas Carol essays

  1. The novel 'A Christmas Carol', by Charles

    He does this by using Scrooge, he signifies the rich people. It was set at Christmas time in Victorian times. The novel is set at Christmas because it is a time of giving, this signifies that the rich should give to the poor, especially at a festive time of like Christmas.

  2. A Christmas Carol - Marley's Ghost.

    The apparition walked backward from him; and, at every step it took, the window raised itself a little, so that, when the spectre reached it, it was wide open. It beckoned Scrooge to approach, which he did. When they were within two paces of each other, Marley's Ghost held up its hand, warning him to come no nearer.

  1. How Does Dickens Convey His Moral Message In a Christmas Carol?

    This is described in stave three, when 'the ghost of Christmas Present' visits Scrooge. Then in stave four, when 'the ghost of Christmas yet To Come' returns Scrooge to the house, all he sees is an empty chair and a crutch.

  2. Christmas Carol - The Moral Message

    "No wind that blew was bitterer than he, no falling snow more intent upon its purpose". This description of Scrooge contrasts strongly with that of his nephew, Fred, who is "all in a glow; his face was ruddy and handsome; his eyes sparkled, and his breath smoked again".

  1. What are the moral lessons Dickens wished to convey in A Christmas Carol, and ...

    make it sound like a threat, and they will regret crossing him if they do not do what he asks. It also implies just how bad industrialization has made London, with lots of homeless people, and others like Scrooge who wish they would just die, and leave the rich people on their own.

  2. "A Christmas Carol" as an Allegory.

    As this book was written for all people, its content could not be offensive, and that is why Dickens had to make the descriptions of the conditions subtle, this is how he made it palatable. He makes the readers aware so that they will try to help people that aren't as well off as themselves.

  1. 'A Christmas Carol' is an allegory which relies heavily on symbolism to convey meaning ...

    All Scrooge can think about is the fact that he will lose a day's earnings. Also, when carol singers come to Scrooge's door, he gets a ruler and, "the singer fled in terror," as he has no Christmas cheer. Scrooge doesn't even feel the need to give to charity at this time of year.

  2. Prose - A Christmas Carol

    Also, Dickens uses 'pathetic fallery', which is when the weather gives the reader a clue about what is going to happen, and also reflects the atmosphere. Examples of this figurative language are; 'fog came pouring in at every chink and keyhole', and 'the city clocks had only just gone there, but it was quite dark already'.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work