• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare and Contrast The Use of Gothic Conventions From Pre-1914 and The Twentieth Century

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Compare and Contrast The Use of Gothic Conventions From Pre-1914 and The Twentieth Century By Gabriel Clark The word gothic is a noun and an adjective describing an era of fashion. This fashion can be seen through people in what they wear, buildings, writings, music and images. Gothic fashions are meant to shock and scare people into a state of insecurity, it does this by following certain "stock features" (rules it abides to). In this study I plan to concentrate on Bram Stoker's novel Dracula, Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, Daphne Du-Maurier's Rebecca, and The Woman In Black (author unknown). I will look at four certain "stock features" and find the similarities and differences between Dracula, Frankenstein (pre 1914), and Rebecca and The Woman In Black (the twentieth century). The features that I will be looking at are, buildings, quests and journeys, letters/diaries, and the use of the externals such as weather (pathetic fallacies). In all four of the gothic novels included in this study buildings play a big part. In Frankenstein and Dracula the main characters in each go to stay in huge, isolated buildings. In Dracula Jonathan Harker is working, as a solicitor and trying to move Dracula to London, and in Frankenstein Victor Frankenstein is creating his immortal monster in his rather overly huge student home. ...read more.

Middle

Journeys are crucial in gothic writing; the fact that the main character is away from his or her natural, recognisable surroundings can create worry. This is because in a strange place where you are a stranger to everyone and everyone is a stranger to you, you do not know who you can trust, this can cause worry and suspicion in the readers' and characters' mind. "Holding out his hand grasped mine with a strength that made me wince, an effect which was not lessened by the fact that it seemed as cold as ice-more like the hand of a dead than a living man-." This quote from Dracula shows that after his long and tiresome journey from London to Transylvania Mr Harker is weary and very aware. We see that in the film the castle is set high in a mountain (and that is the image created in our minds from the text) where it is obviously cold night, this would surely make Count Dracula's hands cold, especially as hands and feet are most sensitive to heat and cold. And so surely this statement by Jonathan Harker is unjust. In Frankenstein Victor his made the journey to university, where he begins to create his monster. In Rebecca the journey is somewhat different as it takes place in the heroin's head as a dream. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the twentieth century novels pathetic fallacies are used differently, in both Rebecca and The Woman in Black you will note as I have earlier explain that the buildings are described in great detail. The externals are used to set the scene, things like the shrubbery, hedgerows in Rebecca and the paths and the area surrounding the house in The Woman in Black, and although the weather is used in The Woman in Black it is not as important as the pre 1914 novels. So in pre 1914 novels the weather is used in the externals in a big way but in the twentieth century novels this has changed and the scenery itself had been used to set the mood. In conclusion I can say that Gothic writing has changed over the years but the stock-features have stayed very much the same. I believe that this change has taken place because people themselves have changed. It the early 1900 hundreds people would be shocked and disgusted by the mentioning of Satan or of sex but now these topics come up in many conversations. So gothic writers of today have had to adapt to this and alter their work. Also it is apparent that people have become more sophisticated in many ways so the writing of today has to be much deeper and much more descriptive. So although the conventions of gothic have remained very similar, the writing has changed in many ways. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Bram Stoker section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Bram Stoker essays

  1. In his novel "Dracula", how does Bram Stoker use Gothic conventions to engage the ...

    This shows that Jonathan is feeling like a captive inside the castle. He feels as though he can't get out and is stuck in there. All he is able to do is look out and he can't do anything else.

  2. What boudaries does the vampire threaten? Discuss possible answers to this question with ...

    other vampires in the novel are female apart from the Count, because Dracula systematically creates "female surrogates who will enact his will and desire" (Craft, p. 109). This can be linked back to the boundary between the homoerotic and the heterosexual, as Dracula wants to vamp males, but it is disguised through a heterosexual lens.

  1. Discuss the ways the filmmakers have presented the story Dracula.

    Coppola depicts Dracula as a tall, old man. This is supported by the quote from the novel "Within, stood a tall old man" (page 25). The Dracula in the film has a noticeably white face. This has again been influenced by the original text as saying "without a single speck of colour on him"(page 25).

  2. Discuss possible answers to this question with reference to at least two critical or ...

    This is evident in Dracula's assertions that Harker belongs to him (Stoker, p. 53), and again where Dracula states that "Your girls that you all love are mine already, and through them you and the others shall be mine..."

  1. "The Gothic is concerned primarily with representing transgression and taboo, there is nothing more ...

    For example the historically-based partisanship of characters in Hogg's Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner suggest a dissatisfaction with the similar religious and political divides at the time of writing. A parallel theme is the distance between the rational (popular science)

  2. Discuss Austen's use of the gothic in Northanger Abbey

    The following description of the Northanger Abbey shows how reading gothic novels has distorted Catherine's way of thinking. It has been said that Northanger Abbey is "a novel about a novel and the people who read novels"3. nCatherine is a prototype of inexperienced passionate young women prevailed upon, nay harassed,

  1. "Gothic fiction is erotic at the root" according to Punter. From your reading of ...

    Bram Stoker and Mary Shelley are perhaps the two most respected gothic authors for their novels 'Dracula' in 1897 and 'Frankenstein' in 1818, since then their stories and many of the characters have been exploited by popular culture and media interpretation but many of the themes still remain obvious.

  2. Comparing the presentation of Harker in Dracula and Walton in Frankenstein

    Harker is also shown to be familiar with shorthand. Whilst both characters are well educated, their narrative style is rather different. Harker meticulously concentrates on reporting facts, such as exact times and dates. The very opening of his first journal entry begins '3 May.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work