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Compare and Contrast the Writer's treatment of the Themes of Civilisation and Savagery in Lord of the Flies and Pollock and the Porroh Man

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Introduction

Compare and Contrast the Writer's treatment of the Themes of Civilisation and Savagery in Lord of the Flies and Pollock and the Porroh Man Both H.G. Wells and Golding show the treatment of civilisation and savagery in Lord of the Flies and Pollock and the Porroh Man. I will be comparing and contrasting how the writers show there is civilization and savagery present in the settings, the characters and objects. I will be looking at how each writer shows the difference between the civil and savage and how the characters become accustomed to savagery and forget about civilization. Both Lord of the Flies and Pollock and the Porroh man are based in remote and savage areas. Lord of the Flies is based on an uninhabited island. This creates tension because the boys cannot get in touch with the outside world. It also creates suspense because the reader wants to know if they will ever get home and if they will ever get in touch with people outside of the island. On the island their crashed plane leaves a "long scar smashed into the jungle", the use of the word "smashed" makes it sound savage because you associate smashing with violence, e.g. smashing someone's face, smashing up a car. Also you think of a scar as being savage and ugly because you can get scars from doing savage things e.g. having a fight. The use of language in the quote is very descriptive but also creates a negative and brutal feeling around it, a savage feeling about the island. The island is described savagely later on in the novel "the other time the air had seemed to vibrate with heat; but now it threatened" which again creates a negative image of their surroundings. It gives the island a bestial character and creates the image of savagery because the word threatened is very powerful and makes the island seem like it is a savage beast and is threatening the boys. ...read more.

Middle

However in Lord of the Flies it is gradual and the meetings start off calm but in Pollock and the Porroh Man it starts off savage "You're one of those infernal fools" This statement appears savage because it is using strong, harsh language like the swearing in Lord of the Flies. Also in Lord of the Flies the conch controls the meeting whereas in Pollock and the Porroh Man, there is no powerful object and it keeps changing from Waterhouse being in control to Pollock being in control. In both stories they start off civil and then lead to savagery. In Lord of the Flies it starts off civil with the boys getting along and they have civil meetings; "I'm calling a meeting." Also there is the uniform, which is civil and shows their backgrounds "school sweater" but gradually the uniform goes. However, as the idea of the beast is introduced, and people start to hunt, the meetings start to get more desperate and become arguments instead of the friendly discussions over what to do earlier in the novel. Also, Jack says "the conch doesn't count this side of the island." The conch originally represented civilisation because it called the meetings and let people wait their turn to speak. I think that the drop in power of the conch means the drop in civilisation because Jack is saying that from now on there will be no meetings or orderly discussions, it is up to him what to do, not the conch. You can also see the fall to savagery with the choir. To start with they are all smartly dressed and come along the beach singing, then they become hunters. They become ferocious hunters "kill the pig, cut her throat, bash her in" "screamed, struck, bit tore" and at the end they chase Ralph to kill him and savagery becomes clear when Sam says "he's sharpened a stick at both ends" This is savage because Jack has done this so he can at least scare Ralph but also so he can attack him with it. ...read more.

Conclusion

People taught to be nice. Golding is showing in the novel that although the savagery is sometimes covered up, there is savagery in all of us just waiting for the nice side that has been conditioned into us to drop. Golding also explains this when Simon is talking to the pig's head. "Fancy thinking the Beast was something you could hunt and kill!" "I'm part of you?" "I'm the reason why it's no go? Why things are what they are?" The pig's head is saying that there is evil in everyone, he is part of everyone. Golding is expressing his views on human and he does this by making civil people do savage things. In Pollock and the Porroh Man at the beginning it says "English slave traders" this is showing that English, good people do horrible things like slave trading. Also like in Lord of the Flies Pollock has English arrogance; "I was meant for a civilised life." Pollock is presented as civilised by the chats over tea with "wise Waterhouse" and by the use of objects like pipes and guns. However Pollock does savage things. "Pollock, using his revolver to parry the lightening stab" "he suddenly rushed at the thing and kicked it" "Pollock fired at the sound." This shows a civil Englishman doing savage things, which makes the brutal things seem increased because a civil person does it. However, in Pollock and the Porroh Man H.G. Wells introduces the savagery right at the beginning and has interlinked savagery and civilisation, a fight between one and the other until savagery wins, while Golding shows the boys are nearly all civilised from the beginning with just a hint of savagery and then they fall into full savagery. Both H.G. Wells and Golding treat the themes of civilization and savagery similarly but with some subtle differences, and both show civilization and savagery present in Lord of the Flies and Pollock and the Porroh Man. This gives the stories more tension and suspense and makes the savagery more shocking because of the contrast with civilisation. ...read more.

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