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Comparison between the Satirical Methods wthich Swift uses in Gulliver's Travel and Orwell uses in Animal Farm.

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Introduction

Comparison between the Satirical Methods wthich Swift uses in Gulliver's Travel and Orwell uses in Animal Farm Like Gulliver's Travels, Animal Farm can be enjoyed on more than one level, as readers who have no intellectual experience of the political parallels will still receive the raw emotional jolt. Regardless of whether you know a lot about Russia and the revolution, 'Animal Farm' has an absorbing story which adults and children should find enjoyable. However, knowledge of the political comparisons helps bring about a better overall understanding of the book and help you to appreciate Orwell's motivation for writing. Orwell's original intention for writing was to 'expose some lie' and his initial concern was to 'get a hearing'. He realised, like Swift that the world held many political problems which needed to be brought to the attention of the public, and found writing to be the most effective and "aesthetically pleasing" way. Fortunately for Orwell, he did not need to use the same level of subtlety in his writings to avoid government intervention although he realised the power of satire and employed it throughout the whole of 'Animal Farm'. Both Orwell and Swift's works are attacks on humanity in general and both satirised certain individuals. In 'Animal Farm', Orwell's characters are a representation of historical people who were involved in the Russian revolution of 1917. ...read more.

Middle

Orwell's writing style is similar to Swift's in that it is clear, strong and precise. These qualities are vital for a book where it is important for the reader to understand the message they are trying to convey. It also increases the impact and can be very influential. The idea of including humour teaches the reader to study other ideas, specifically the satirical aspect. The main point that both these novels compare on is the great irony in the general outline of each story. 'Gulliver's Travels' tell us of the supposedly successful, civilised people of Lilliput. Gulliver exposed them as corrupt, disloyal and animal-likes individuals. Animal Farm however, tells us of these apparent, well-meaning and thoughtful animals that are exposed as having careless, slovenly and corrupt human characteristics. Despite several hundred years separating the two authors, there are many similarities and contrasts between 'Gulliver's Travels' and Animal Farm'. The books were both very successful and were appreciated by a wide audience. The most noticeable thing the books have in common is the way they use fantasy characters to represent the situation in Russia and in England. Swift writes Gulliver's Travels in the form of a log whereas Orwell goes so far as to call Animal Farm a fairy tale. ...read more.

Conclusion

In contrast, Swift's satire covers a much broader spectrum, ranging from religion and human pride, to contemporary affairs and scientists. In this way, Gulliver's travels is a more challenging book to read if you are trying to search for satire as the theme keeps swapping: sometimes he is criticising Gulliver and sometimes the Lilliputians. It also makes it harder to read as he completely fills his books with satire, taking every opportunity to include another personal "stab" at those he resented. In the case of Swift's irritation over those in power who weren't born into it, he resorts to a pun to get his message across that politicians are mere acrobats, performing for the Prime-Minister. He crams in so many of his personal opinions that I feel the important points are lost in a sea of criticism and one can no longer take them seriously. Orwell on the other hand, delivers his views in a far more presentable fashion. His fairy tale may not be as intellectually stimulating as Swift's novel, but its simplicity means his argument is far more likely to have an effect on the reader. He carefully structures his debate and leaves us with a resounding sound-bite: In a final ironical twist, Orwell composes the ultimate Animalist/Communist law: "All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others". Ramesh Kanesan ...read more.

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