Comparison between Swift's 'Gulliver's Travels' and Orwell's 'Animal Farm'.

Authors Avatar

Comparison between Swift's 'Gulliver's Travels' and Orwell's 'Animal Farm

George Orwell (1903-1950), or Eric Arthur Blair as he was formerly known, was born in Bengal, India. His father was a minor British official in the Indian Civil Service; his mother was the daughter of an unsuccessful teak merchant in Burma.

Orwell's family returned to England in 1911, and lived at Shiplake in Oxfordshire. At the age of eight, Orwell attended St Cyprian's, a prep school where he was distinguished by his intellect and poverty.

Orwell realised his urge for writing from a very early age and wrote many poems and stories, two of which were printed in the local newspaper.

However, he did not have any siblings of a similar age in his childhood and became lonely; he developed "disagreeable mannerisms', that made him an unpopular child at his school. Orwell described this miserable period in an essay "Such Such were the Joys" The essay was written as a suggestion by his school friend Cyril Connolly who was also destined to pursue a literary career and became one of Orwell's most useful contacts.

From 1917 to 1921, Orwell attended Eton, one of England's leading schools, where he published his first writings as college periodicals. Authors he read included Jonathan Swift, whose satire would be a key element in Orwell's style.

Like Swift, Orwell moved countries several times and during his enlistment with the Indian Burma Police he realised how much against their will, the Burmese were being ruled by the British.

Join now!

Later he was to recount his experiences and his reactions to Imperial rule in his novel 'Burmese days' (1934) and in two autobiographical sketches "Shooting an elephant" and "A Hanging". After being injured, Orwell resigned from the Imperial Police and declaring himself an anarchist, took cheap lodgings in London's East end, living among the poor labourers.

He spent some time in Paris, and then in 1931 he went back to England, moving around the country eventually settling at a farm. All these experiences provided the material of Orwell's first book, 'Down and Out in London'.

Through the years, Orwell wrote ...

This is a preview of the whole essay