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Discuss how Stevenson, through the themes, language and setting, creates a world of double standards and hypocrisy.

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Discuss how Stevenson, through the themes, language and setting, creates a world of double standards and hypocrisy. In this essay I will be investigating how Stevenson creates a world of double standards and hypocrisy. I will link this to the themes, language and settings. I will then explore the message Stevenson is trying to convey throughout his novel 'The strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr Hyde.' Stevenson lived in the Victorian ages at which time the industrial revolution was in progression. The rich and poor were segregated throughout his home town, Edinburgh, with the poor in the old town and the rich in the new one. Old Edinburgh was overcrowded, a situation common to many Victorian cities. Stevenson was a man of double standards and led two unconventional lives. During the day he was a well-respected lawyer and by night frequented in pubs and brothels in the Old Town. The double standards and hypocrisy of Stevenson links to his book, 'The strange case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.' Other authors that wrote during the Victorian times have influenced Stevenson's writing, such as Hogg, who wrote similarly to Stevenson, using the theme of double standards and hypocrisy. ...read more.


Although Hyde is linked to Jekyll, he is the least hypocritical character, he is never good, just plain evil: Hyde was "...sort of murderous mixture of tumidity and boldness." Throughout the whole novel what you see of Hyde is what you get. He is evil and hates being Jekyll. This is clear throughout the book, especially as Hyde becomes stronger. I will now look at the final theme that Stevenson has used in his novel, this is secrecy and control. Stevenson links hypocrisy to secrecy, but mainly explores secrecy through settings. We are all hypocrites to some extent, we all have something to hide and we all like to be in control of ourselves. Dr Jekyll and Hyde show how control is threatened and how it disappears. At the start Jekyll is in total control of his evil side: "Mr Hyde was pale and Dwarfish." He then grows in power and has control over Jekyll. "The body of Edward Hyde had grown in stature" Hyde is now capable of taking over Jekyll. Jekyll loses control, Hyde surfaces and takes over. There is only one way out for Jekyll and this is to take his own life. ...read more.


Jekyll talks in somewhat of a refined manner, using grand words to make him be considered more of a respectable person. "That is just what I was about to venture to propose" ... "Just to put your good heart at rest." He speaks in a long flowery posh voice, he uses long flowing sentences. It shows how his two sides are so different. This links them together. They both are part of the same man and are yet so different even in language. This links to the dual nature of the character that Stevenson created. To summarise I will now link this to the essay question: Discuss how Stevenson, through the themes, language and setting, creates a world of double standards and hypocrisy. His themes foreshadowed throughout the book through the settings. "The fog rolled over the city" this creates the secrecy of the novel. I have noticed this his controversial life is reflected throughout the book and through the characters. I think readers during the industrial revolution would have frowned upon the impression created throughout the book. Stevenson in his time would be considered somewhat of an outrage, his views were immoral and would offend the readers. Those who chose to live so secretly set a bad example to the Victorian society. Stevenson was a prime example of this. Jemma Williamson. ...read more.

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