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Discuss the details of 'love and loss' poems that we have studied and the different techniques used by the author to express their love.

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ENgLiSh cOuRsEwOrK- lOvE AnD LoSs cOuRsEwOrK By MoNa fArSiMaDaN 11Y This essay tends to discuss the details of 'love and loss' poems that we have studied and the different techniques used by the author to express their love. 19TH Century poets tend to express their feelings about love and loss by using images from nature. The poem 'Birthday' written by Christina Rossetti portrays the idea of real love. She uses a lot of nature symbolism, and natural imagery suggests the intimacy and intensity of love. Christina Rossetti is most probably describing the love from her own experience with the man she once loved, called John Brett. In the first line she describes her 'heart is like a singing bird' that rests inside him, and because of that line the tone becomes much more happy. The singing bird also attracts a mate. The 'thickness fruit' indicates a sense of fertility. She describes her self as the tree that carries him in her heart. There are images of doves, which can be symbols of peace, marriage and love, which brings up the tone a lot in the poem as these are all positive images. She says 'peacock with a hundred eyes,' a peacock is a proud animal with beauty, so it can show a sign of her love as beauty, and also of attracting mates (with their feathers). 'Work it in gold and silver grapes' is associated with prosperity and sexual imagery. When she says 'my heart is a gladder than all these, because my love is come to me,' means she is clearly gratified for her love, she believes she is in real love. A halcyon is a bird that breeds in a nest that floats at sea, it charms the wind and the wave to calm, and it is beautiful shell swimming on a perfect joyous sea. She mentions this in the line, and 'My heart is like a rainbow shell that paddles in a halcyon sea.' ...read more.


All these word can mean that it takes her and her lover beyond human extremities, it is much more than love. She says 'I love thee to depth and breath and height', which can relate that everything she is inside of her is of love to him, she loves him to the fullest. The expansive imagery beyond earth celebrates together and the eternal nature of love. "I love the purely", other people maybe turning away from God but she loves him purely. This poem can be related to her personal life, Elizabeth Brownings father did love her, but he did not love her freely (did not give her freedom). She once loved called Robert, so the poem maybe dedicated to him and now she is able to love him freely, 'I love thee freely.' 'I love thee with the passion put to use, in my old grief's, and with my childhood faith' indicates she has transformed the grief and anger into passion, which she gives to her lover. She had faith in love, but she had to hide it within her, now she can let that love be free. She mentions the 'sun, and 'candlelight' this is because people usually need light to extend she needs his love 'everyday' making it a normal everyday life. People believe that if you pray to saints they are suppose to help you and take you out of your troubles or worries, when Elizabeth Browning when she was younger prayed but nothing ever happened, so she thought she lost her faith in God, however when love came later on in her life her faith came to God, there is evidence of this in the line 'I love thee with passion of this put to use in my old greifs, and with my childhood's faith'. In the last line 'I shall but love thee better after death', goes beyond the marriage vow. ...read more.


She refuses the traditional servant and master of the relationship. The title is also interesting, this is because she is treating the lover as a possession by pronouncing it as 'her' lover. Therefor, there is a level of role reversal In the third verse she discusses more about lust, 'clamorous desire', 'creature' this is defining annular lust. This is disagreeing marriage, she believes she is only seen for lust and the physical aspects and not for love. Walsh explains the only type of relationship she will expect. She talks about the passion part of the ideal relationship, 'I shall be your comrade, friend and mate.' In the last verse there is a great sense of togetherness, the last verse becomes more of a positive attitude. The tone changed during the poem. She remarks the ideas of pure natural love, 'together we may no the purity and height of passion and of joy and sorrow.' She believes that the traditional thoughts of treating the wife is unacceptable and does not show true compassion of the love for one another. Walsh uses stylistic devices; reprition etc. The last sentence of the poem reflects religious ideas about God, this can reflect on the last sentence to the poem 'How do I love thee.' She states that love has no limits, love is beyond marriage and is eternal, and both poems have the idea of sanctity of marriage. She believes love is beyond the grave and ever lasting or transcendent 'I am yours forever.' In conclusion, it can be said that each writer has used various methods and techniques in order to express their love. This includes using euphemism and natural imagery to portray different feelings. I realised that one effective way is by describing a certain theme without actually mentioning it. This technique was shown by Christina Rossetti as death was a main theme in her poem. However, the word 'death' was not mentioned at all. In summary she does not believe that women should not be known or treated as slaves or beautiful objects, but as equal as everyone else should. ...read more.

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