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GCSE: Emily Bronte
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The presentation of Mr. Lockwood in "Wuthering Heights" The novel, "Wuthering Heights", begins in the year 1801,
I heard, yesterday, you had had some thoughts-" Mr. Healthcliff, wincing, stops him mid sentence, " Thrushcross Grange is my own sir," Here Mr. Heathcliff cuts him off quite abruptly, a command that most people would understand and would react to, pursuing the questioning no further. However, Mr. Lockwood responds quite differently, showing a weak side to his character early on in the novel. Heathcliff seems to dislike the company of others, he enjoys living in a country place, where quiet and peace is welcomed.
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The first Catherine was the daughter of Mr. Earnshaw and his wife and the second Catherine was the daughter of Edgar Linton and the first Catherine as " young Catherine". Both of them share the same name as well as the bahavior.
Both of them share the same name as well as the bahavior. Similarities and differences of their character. Similarities: - Nelly said that they brought sunshine into everyone (volume 2, ch.3) - Cathy likes to show her independence by controlling on others, e.g. control over Linton.
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The still image consisted of 2 chairs facing each other, one down stage left and one up stage right. In front of each chair was a main character. The high status character, Catherine, was placed in front of the chair down stage left. Catherine stood in a slouchy position and her hair a mess. This gave the audience a clue that Catherine was of a higher status. The low status character, Kevin, was placed in front of the chair up stage right. Kevin stood with his head positioned towards the floor. The reason the low status character was placed backstage was to give the audience a hint of the characters' social status.
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Taking into account the background of the of the author what do the remoteness and loneliness of the setting contribute to the effect of the novel,
We do not expect Hindley to die but as he has been away from Wuthering Heights for so long he also cannot survive. However there are other reasons for his death. When Heathcliff returns from his absence he stays with Hindley, and gets his long awaited revenge by slowly luring Hindley into gambling and alcoholism. This is the main cause of his death. If Wuthering Heights was not set in such an isolated place Heathcliff would not have been able to torture and eventually destroy Hindley.
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They went to thrushcross grange. But they were noticed through a window, by Edgar and his sister Isabelle. They took Cathy into the house, but not Heathcliff. When she came back from the grange, Cathy's feelings hadn't changed for Heathcliff but she felt that she was now in a higher social class to him and that she was distanced from him because of it. He thought that he was dirty. She said to him, " If you wash your face and brush your hair you will be alright." This hurts Heathcliff. She hates it when Heathcliff is treated badly.
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Catherine initially looks up to Isabella and considers herself lucky to have found such a good friend (p.19 NA). Isabella and Catherine's friendship grows very quickly, unlike that of Catherine and Eleanor, which progresses much more gradually. Isabella is very free with her friendship, professing to do anything for her friends, even when she has known them only a short time. In contrast, Eleanor takes her time to get to know Catherine. She is far more sophisticated than Isabella and does not jump into a friendship without getting to know someone first. It is only during Catherine's stay at Northanger Abbey that the two women become close friends.
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It was seen as the highest form of art and a direct link between the authors mind and the readers understanding. It is a clever plot which will only be understood when the reader gets to the end of the novel. It is tricky to derive who the author wants you to sympathise with. The pendulum swings both ways, you could sympathise with Heathcliff because he had an undying love for Catherine and she never really knew about it, and he still does love her.
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However, he manipulates Hindley into giving him Hindley's horse: '"...if you wont I shall tell your father of the three thrashings you've given me this week. This shows that Heathcliff can be manipulative. After fighting with Heathcliff, Hindley gives him his horse, which shows that Heathcliff can get what he wants. There are certain events in the novel which change Heathcliff's character. However, it is not Heathcliff who transforms his character throughout the novel; it is the characters around him. Mr.Earnshaw brings Heathcliff into the story: '"...but you must take it as a gift of God". This shows that Mr.
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The chose of narrators in the film limit them in some ways. Nelly in Wuthering Heights is, very much steady figure who throughout shows little personal emotion or feeling. The loneliness is shown in the characters of Catherine in Wuthering Heights and the mother in Your Shoes. They both lock themselves away from the world and this leads them to depression. There is also a strong theme of love in the stories where one character longs for another. Both of the books use first person narrative and this limits us quite significantly.
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The difference between Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross grange can be thought of as a metaphysical opposition between storm and calm.
Indeed the name of the house itself can be seen to be indicative of its metaphysical qualities. The word "Wuthering" is Yorkshire slang for stormy and Heights relates to the heights of passion and anger inside the house. "before passing through the threshold" Lockwood describes the gate as a barrier and inside the house there are 'hidden dens' of dogs who attack Mr Lockwood, the assault being described as a 'tempest' or 'storm'. We are presented early on in the story with the unsophisticated, uncivilised character of Heathcliff in these hostile surroundings.
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This is where the prose passage ends. However, the chapter hasn't ended yet, and Nelly frantically tells Edgar her sightings. Edgar is livid, but stays calm and collected as he disregards the incident and his sibling in the process, whom he had warned about Heathcliff. Edgar refuses to act upon their marriage, and acts cold and unfeeling. There are many twists and such throughout the book that we discover and realize about people; paragraphs and sentences that give us hints and certain hidden characterizations. However there are three principle findings and generalizations that we can make in this particular passage, all being very significant to the plot of Wuthering Heights.
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In chapter 15 Nelly says "Far better that she should be dead than lingering a burden and a misery - maker to all about her". How far do you agree with Nelly's assessment of Catherine?
Therefore to secure her future Catherine chose Edgar, and his status. The pain she causes to others she does maliciously and for attention, " I'll try to break their hearts by breaking my own." Catherine develops many positive relationships throughout her childhood, closer relationships though with Heathcliff and later with Edgar. When Heathcliff arrives at Wuthering Heights, Nelly portrays him as a 'dirty gipsy boy'. This shows early in the novel that Nelly has a biased opinion and that we need to question whether we can trust her narration. At first Catherine has the same impression, since she spits on him.
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"Wuthering Heights," the name of the house immediately suggest that life there in not free from commotion. The word "wuthering" perfectly describes the weather of the immediate area around the house. The climate is "descriptive of the atmospheric tumult" to which it is "exposed in stormy weather." The house is extremely prone to stormy weather for it is situated on top a hill, alone and far away from any other human habitat. The proximity to the mysterious and furtiveness furthermore adds to the gloomy atmosphere of Wuthering Heights. It is a place of darkness and dismalness. The wind near Wuthering Heights is also so powerful and long lasting in an "excessive slant" and a range of gaunt thorn "all [stretch] their limbs one way."
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Mr. Lockwood describes Wuthering Heights with an 'immense fire' that 'glowed delightfully'. The inside of Wuthering Heights is a contrast to the outside weather, however the people are inside are similar. They are too, dark and cold. Mr. Lockwood says 'I began to feel unmistakably out of place in that pleasant family circle.' This is ironic because there is a definitely not a 'pleasant family circle' there is much hatred within the family. In chapter three Lockwood stays at Wuthering Heights, due to the snowstorm. Lockwood stays in a room that Heathcliff would not want him to stay in.
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Although the houses are four miles apart on the Yorkshire moors, both families provide significant characters to the novel. Though some characteristics are similar, the personalities of the two families seem to match their houses. The Earnshaws are a stormy family and display passion, strong feelings, violence, and manipulation. Their home, Wuthering Heights, is a remote moorland house with 'stunted firs', deeply set narrow windows and 'bare rafters' suggesting a cold unfriendly atmosphere. Thrushcross Grange, however, is described as 'beautiful-a splendid place, carpeted with crimson, crimson covered chairs and a pure white ceiling bordered by gold'. This description reflects the Lintons' who are a calmer family, civilised but spoiled.
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Either way, the role Catherine is very clear; she is a supporting character. Moreover, we can also appreciate through Catherine, why Raina is the way she is, so conceded, as a direct result of her mother's attitude. It seems to some extent, that Raina is not permitted to grow up as she was raised in a perfect 'bubble' which does not let her admire the "real world". Hence, she is forced to act and pretend to be somebody she is not, in order to get what she wants.
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In 1699 he divided the Russian government into Chancellerys or 'Prikazy' but he did not delegate any power to them. A C20th historian, Sumner summarises Peter's reforms to show "a broadening of Peter's outlook and a changing realisation of the functions of the state" but most historians believed that Peter was trying to transform Russia into a society where people followed orders and conformed to rules and regulations. Peter enforced his laws with the police force, saying that they were "the soul of civil society and of all good order."
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She is delirious and talks about her childhood with Heathcliff and she has a foreboding of her death. Nelly insists on keeping the windows in her bedroom closed, but Cathy staggers to them and throws them open claiming she can see Wuthering Heights. She goes on to speak about her death, but that she will wander the world until she is with Heathcliff. Edgar is appalled to find Cathy in such a weakened state and scolds Nelly for not telling him sooner. That night Isabella runs away with Heathcliff and Edgar disowns his sister for this scandal. The doctor arrives and predicts that Cathy will not survive the illness.
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Whatever our souls are made of, his and mine are the same, and Linton's is as different as a moonbeam from lightning, or frost from fire." (page 80) The relationship between Edgar and Catherine is not one based on "true love", unlike her relationship with Heathcliff. The definition of "true love" is something which could spawn its own thesis, but in this example we can take it to mean that Catherine's relationship with Heathcliff contains a more real and compassionate component than her relationship with Edgar.
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(Encyclopedia Americana PG 597.) Then Emily began her work on the famous well-known novel of Wuthering Heights. At first, her novel received little praise compared to her sister's books. But its acknowledgment came later. Soon Emily no longer focused on her family, writing, or school. She withdrew herself from the world around her. Her brother Branwell died on October 1st 1848, after drunken rages, that same year Emily became diagnosed with inflammation of the lungs. She died that same year on December 19th. (Www.lang.nagoya-u.ac.jp.) Although Emily is gone, her novel Wuthering Heights will always be a legend, with its twisted passion, and compelling opposites of Emily's own life.
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Branwell later got hooked on drugs and alcohol and Emily remained close and tried to help right up to his death in September 1848. At his funeral Emily caught a cold which developed into a fatal chest infection. She died on December 19, 1848 aged 30. Her brother was a big influence on Emily. He was the only son in the family and so bore the burden of his family's expectations. He was a man of great promise and there were ambitious plans for him to enter the Royal Academy of Art but they turned out to be unrealistic and other careers also failed.
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Bronte portrays him as a mysterious character, very cold, stubborn, heroic and extremely emotional. When he arrived Heathcliff was referred to as "the gipsy brat," and "it", by Hindley and Nelly Dean, the housekeeper. This made Heathcliff very angry, which is understandable. Old Mr Earnshaw's fondness for Heathcliff fuelled the jealousy of his son, Hindley, and the compassion of his daughter, Cathy. Hindley treated Heathcliff very badly, almost like a slave and inferior. "Heathcliff you may come forward' cried Hindley." He added: "You may come and wish Miss Catherine welcome, like the other servants."
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as if it were some magic creature from the Cinderella story. She has no maternal instincts and fails to realize she is not only setting a bad example for her children but also affecting the life of a child in a negative way. On the other hand Mr. Earnshaw feels compassion and understanding towards the poor soul and he devotes his time to make Heathcliff's stay at Wuthering Heights more enjoyable. Being his first time in such an environment, Heathcliff does what every living creature would do; he becomes attached to his new "father" and alienated to his "mother."
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Consider how Emily Bronte introduces the reader to the themes of enclosure and the supernatural in the opening three chapters of Wuthering Heights
In the first beginning lines of the book there is a sense of enclosure with the description of the actual location of Wuthering Heights, "so completely removed from the stir of society." And then to support this sense of enclosure there is a physical barrier separating Wuthering Heights from the rest of the moor and stopping Lockwood from entering. "pushing the barrier, he did pull" The attitude of the people at Wuthering Heights towards Lockwood creates an social barrier between them, "peevish displeasure" Also, they show him no common courtesy or kindness "his reserve springs from an aversion to showy display of feeling- to manifestations of mutual kindliness."
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Language and Identity in Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights: A study of environmental metaphors and characterization.
From the very start of the novel, when Lockwood (the narrator at the moment) first encounters Heathcliff we find strong opinions about his character, both shown and hidden. Lockwood thinks he is reading Heathcliff properly when he says "His reserve springs from an aversion to showy displays of feeling - to manifestations of mutual kindliness" (p. 5). We as readers however, know that this is not necessarily true. Lockwood is an unreliable narrator who will tell the reader what he feels about someone in the same way that he would describe their appearance. Simply because he phrases it in a similar way to that of an omniscient narrator, Lockwood taints Heathcliff's first meeting with his audience.
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