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GCSE: Emily Bronte
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Joseph is described to the reader through the narrator Lockwood largely as a satirical self righteous cursing grumpy old man who doesn't like to socialise but its interesting to see how Lockwood doesn't wish to say how Joseph reacts, is purposely done but something bad, which he may have ate "Joseph was an elderly man, nay, an old man: very old... ... looking meantime in my face so sourly that I charitably conjectured he must have need of divine aid to digest his dinner..."
- Word count: 857
Mr Earnshaw's two children take to Heathcliff very differently. Catherine likes him and their relationship becomes very intense; Whereas Hindley does not take to Heathcliff very well at all. He hates him and despises him. The reason he does this is because his father (Mr Earnshaw) treats Heathcliff very well, if so better than he does Hindley. He victimises and degrades him with his actions and language. "He would stand Hindley's blows without winking or shredding a tear." This makes the reader believe that Hindley is the violent, jealous child, whereas Heathcliff comes across as ' a sullen, patient child; hardened, perhaps to ill-treatment.'
- Word count: 1800
How does Bronte use language and setting to create atmosphere and to establish main characters and what gothic elements can you find
The ghost of Cathy is not a true spirit, for Lockwood in order to release himself, pulls Cathy's wrist down onto the broken glass causing blood to flow (negative imagery which creates a dark atmosphere),Lockwood's interaction with Catherine's spirit moves him from being an outside observer to an active participant in the plot. The ghost of Catherine acts as a symbol in chapter 3; other symbols in the novel are 'the moors' which of course resemble 'Heathcliff'. One of the most obvious things that some might notice when analysing 'Wuthering Heights' is that the dark descriptive language is used to
- Word count: 1048
Explain what is happening in the passage of pages 120-128. What is shown about the relationship between the characters? How Cathy might be interpreted by different readers.
Cathy chose this path and as a result entered in to a world of distress and regret. From a moral point of view this passage also emits a strong message. Money and high status is not what makes you happy. You should choose to marry for love else you will end up regretting every minute. Also in this extract Nelly plays a very important role. She is highly unsympathetic to Cathy and she continually makes the assumption that Cathy has invented her illness.
- Word count: 1432
What do we learn about the personalities of Heathcliff and Catherine from Nelly's anecdotes to Lockwood
This shows the contrast of personalities between the three characters. However, Nelly describes Heathcliff's silence as 'hardness, not gentleness' this shows Heathcliff even early on in his life to have a hard personality and keep his feelings to himself. He won't express the pain that he may be feeling inside. This confirms what we have already learnt about Healthcliffs character through Lockwood's narration when he also seemed stern and hard willed. Heathcliff's recovery saw Nelly being praised by the doctor 'who affirmed it was in great measure owing to me, and praised me for my care' This, saw Nelly soften towards Healthcliff 'thus Hindley losing his last ally'.
- Word count: 1605
As he grew up the childhood friendship with Catherine transformed into a sincere love that burned in their young hearts. He was so used and dedicated to her that his objective in life was to love her. This love and passion was the part and parcel of his life and motivated him to live. At the same time the boyhood friction with Hindley came to be a great hatred. Being constantly abused and humiliated by him, Heathcliff swore to commit a devastating revenge one day.
- Word count: 2563
This book has hints of the gothic genre. An example of this is a dark, mysterious and evil character such as Heathcliff. Also the dark, neglected, isolated and mysterious building of Wuthering Heights. This book is especially linked with the gothic genre in chapter three where Lockwood sleeps in a mysterious room that belonged to Cathy. Lockwood dreams of a strange voice outside and then an ice cold hand grabs him and the blood pours from the hand that he scraped against the broken glass while desperately trying to escape.
- Word count: 2153
'The collision between the natural freedom of the moor and the artificial, contrived and cultural world of the Grange and Victorian Society in a wider sense causes chaos from the very outset of Wuthering heights.'
Catherine's two potential suitors, Heathcliff and Edgar Linton represent that contrast, not only in their ways but in their appearance. In Chapter 10 Nelly describes them both on Heathcliff's return to the Grange. Heathcliff who is previously described as embodying the wild, unkempt, incomprehensible beauty of the moor, is described as "a tall, athletic, well-formed man;" beside whom Edgar Linton "seems quite slender and youth like," conforming to the refined, gentile images that Victorian society associated with masculinity. So, as we can see when the inevitable rift develops between the two, although they both desire Catherine, and when she is ill both desire to help her, they are at a direct conflict in what they believe is best for her.
- Word count: 1152
The verb used by Lookwood "haunt" is appropriate as later in the novel Catherine returns to haunt Heathcliff. Lookwood meets a cold and bitter reception from Heathcliff at The Heights which is typical of its surroundings "The "walk in" was uttered with closed teeth." (Lookwood chapter 1) The phrase also shows that the people of the Heights do not hide there emotions, in this case Heathcliff's disappointment at receiving a visitor. Four miles across the moors in a sheltered valley is the haven of Thrushcross Grange surrounded by parkland. It is almost the complete opposite in location to Wuthering Heights.
- Word count: 2110
It was a busy centre of trade and commerce and took it's place alongside other important wharfs along the Thames, al the way up from the Royal Docks at Woolwich to the Tower of London, which it lies almost adjacent to, separated only by the bridge. With the decline of the docks, however, after the Second World War, and the movement of the import and export trade to the month of the Thames, at Harwich and Lowestoft, near Southend, the importance of the St Catherine's Docks began to diminish.
- Word count: 570
How does Emily Bronte intend for the reader to respond to the character if Catherine in chapters 9 and 10? Examine closely her behaviour and her motives.
Catherine replies "Nonsense I do - that's sufficient." She is very adamant that she will keep her private reasons to herself and that she doesn't need to explain. This also shows that she is spoilt and thinks that she is always right. When she finally does describe to Nelly what she likes about Edgar she suggest feeble reasons and describes the things around him; "I love the ground under his feet, and the air over his head, and everything he touches, and every word he says." Catherine may be very highly strung but she knows how she feels and she knows deep inside what she is doing is wrong.
- Word count: 1645
She returns to the Heights a young lady, her class brought out by the Lintons' influence. However, although she no longer shares Heathcliff's wild appearance, she continues to feel a deep internal identification with him. When Heathcliff is banished from a meal with the Lintons, Nelly mistakes Catherine's calm exterior for an abandonment of her friend. As it turns out, Catherine is only hiding her pain. "Her cheeks flushed, and the tears gushed over them," the housekeeper noticed,"...she was in purgatory throughout the day".
- Word count: 2493
There friendship was so great it could be called love. Their love still continued into Catherine's and Edgar's marriage on which she said this about Heathcliff, "if all else perished and he remained I should still continue to be." I believe that the skill of Pathetic Fallacy was used to describe Catherine and Heathcliff's relationship as the house, Wuthering Heights itself. Wuthering Heights is rough, cold solid as was the relationship of Catherine and Heathcliff. "There younger relationship as friends was solid and wild whilst there relationships as adults and on the moors was rough and cold.
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Nelly replies 'but I don't like the carving knife, Mr Hindley,' this shows that she is not afraid of Hindley. After this Hindley then picks up Hareton and asks Nelly for a pair of scissors to trim his hair. Hindley then proceeds to take Hareton upstairs and hangs him over the balcony. At this point Hindley hears a sound as Heathcliff comes in then he drops Hareton as a natural instinct Heathcliff catches him. Nelly then comes down and takes Hareton. These events emphasise the tension running in the house. It also shows that Heathcliff has quite an evil nature.
- Word count: 1290
This later changes, when he is portrayed as brutal, melancholic and powerful. The reader is given the impression that Heathcliff's love for Catherine is passionate but he doesn't know how to show it. Neither of them seem willing to admit to wanting to be together because deep down they know it will not work. There is a major problem with identity between Catherine and Heathcliff, as there are thoughts of them being the same person - "I love..not because he is handsome, but because he is more myself than I am."
- Word count: 1012
Discuss the relationship between literary and film versions of a particular 'romance' text. What role does the medium have in making/changing the meanings?
The many movie versions made of Wuthering Heights have gotten a grasp on the main shared themes in the story yet however the differences between the two mediums is vital to the narrative structure. Heathcliff's character been vital to the storyline (as he is the novels key point of focus) is very important when making the movie versions of Wuthering Heights as he brings out the audiences response (Haire-Sargeant). Previously, film versions of Wuthering Heights have in fact attempted to explain the character of Heathcliff in a way the audience can connect with this character and achieve their expectations.
- Word count: 2120
Wuthering Heights was first published in 1847 and under a pseudonym because the book would not have been accepted as written by a woman. Bronte's novel is structured like a gothic novel, the darkness and secrecy and Cathy could be contrived as the damsel in distress when she marries Edgar and loses all excitement in her life, although there is some controversy over whether it falls into this column. Wuthering Heights, the residence, is show as a very gothic building from the outset as Lockwood sees the dilapidation and the untended hedges and plants.
- Word count: 1984
Do you agree that Wuthering Heights repeatedly offers moral judgements and condemnations of Heathcliff?
Also, he brings up Hareton as a little barbarian and turns him against his father. It seems that Charlotte Bront� is justified in saying that 'Heathcliff...never once swerving in his arrow straight course to perdition.' But why did Charlotte Bront� decided to take this view of Heathcliff? If she isolated his actions, like I have done above, then her statement can not be argued with. Undoubtedly her opinion is also due to the way Heathcliff was described by various narrators. From the very onset of the book Nelle refers to Heathcliff as a 'sullen' child.
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he is continually viewing the world with respect to his values and not other peoples' which he does not understand to be as equally justifiable. The parson who does not allow Sorrow to be buried in his churchyard: he is quoted as having 'the natural feelings of a tradesman' which in itself suggests that his vocation is less of a spiritual need to help people and more of a business that has little room for feeling. Although, that said, we are told that: 'the strange tenderness in her voice, combined to affect his nobler impulses...
- Word count: 1130
Refer to chapter one of Wuthering Heights and comment on how Emily Brontë introduces her reader to the novel in Chapter one of Wuthering Heights.
These people have all been through very hard times, emotionally and physically and what Lockwood is viewing is their 'crumbling' souls like the griffin's and of course set in the 'wilderness' of the Heights. Ironically, virtually everything else that Lockwood says that is he has taken time over to analyse, is in fact complete nonsense. For example, in Lockwod's opening paragraph he admits that 'Mr Heathcliff and I are such a suitable pair to divide the desolation between us'. The reader can already see by the end of the first chapter that there are no similarities between Lockwood and Heathcliff and Lockwood has no notion of the word desolation compared to Heath cliff.
- Word count: 5040
been very biased because of the depth of detail Lockwood goes into about these events, this is all produced from the 1st person narrative being used. There are many occurrences throughout the play that portray a certain amount of enclose towards Mr Lockwood, such as, in the first chapter there is evidence of enclosure in the lines `I do not believe that I could have fixed on a situation so completely removed from society`, I believe she puts this very close to the beginning, to produce a picture which that she will build upon, later in the novel.
- Word count: 1239
In the first chapter of the book, Iris Murdoch introduces us to Dora's character and the way that Dora feels trapped once she has married Paul. Although she is not physically trapped, Murdoch explains that Dora feels as though 'Paul was urging her to grow up, and yet had left her no space to grow up into'. Throughout the novel we come across several events where Dora feels suffocated, especially around Paul, the one person whom she knows at Imber, and the person who should make her feel more herself and at home than anyone else.
- Word count: 1062
I don't think his parents cared about him, so they fostered him out. Also he complained a lot, moaned, just what normal kids do, but his parents couldn't stand it. Now that he has foster parents, I don't think he is the kid he used to be, his mean foster parents really bully him - because he seems to be doing lots of work where as the other children aren't, so really they are just picking on him. After Mr Earnshaw died, Hindley decides to recall his old hatred, and he turns into an evil man.
- Word count: 1029
'Tragedy emerges from the clash between individual hopes and the demands and society'. Compare and contrast your two chosen texts in the light of this comment.
Ancients needed tragedy to establish a sense of stable community. Modern people see themselves as victims of their society, which is often understandable due to society's restraints and demands. Catherine of 'Wuthering Heights' (W.H) is a passionate strong willed character who is the daughter of Mr Earnshaw. Hindley the son of Mr Earnshaw is exceptionally hateful towards Heathcliff and Catherine after their father's death. Nelly tells of the day Heathcliff and Catherine rebel and escape across the moors to be together. However Catherine injures her ankle and stays with the Lintons at Thrushcross Grange.
- Word count: 1030
Compare and contrast the ways in which Emily Bronte and the writer of your other text presents and explores the significance of choice and the lack of choice in their characters lives.
Women in the nineteenth century lived in a patriarchal society. Typical characteristics of women were being a loyal, dutiful and faithful wife. Women were expected to be subservient towards men. Due to the restrictions of gender in society women had very few options and choices. Older Catherine reflects the idea of social advancement. Her choice of husband means that her social status is improved and she will become wealthier. Catherine represses her true love for Heathcliff, "to marry Heathcliff would degrade me", this is a reflection social pressures.
- Word count: 665