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GCSE: Tess of the d'Urbervilles

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  1. How does Hardy portray Tess as a pure woman?

    However, Hardy disagreed with that way of defining purity in a woman. The way I think Hardy defines pure is pure minded and good hearted. There are several examples of this. One being that Sorrow was christened even though she was angry at the church and her religion. She did this because she was scared that her child was going to hell because of something she had not done. She felt guilt at something that wasn't her fault showing her complete love and worry for her baby. Before Tess even talks, Hardy describes her in a completely different way than all his characters.

    • Word count: 1528
  2. How does Hardy use setting in "Tess Of The d'Urbervilles" in order to portray Tess' status in life?

    For example, in the beginning of chapter two of phase the 1st, The Maiden, Hardy had began the chapter by, firstly, describing the area around Tess before her and Angel were introduced to the setting. It may not seem clear at first why Hardy would do so in such a descriptive manner without making it obvious to how the area is related in any way to Tess or what is happening (or going to happen) - other than the fact that Tess is surrounded by the describing scenery - but as the reader goes further in the story, they will find that every event which takes place around Tess is portrayed in that one description of the Vale of Blackmoor.

    • Word count: 1685
  3. Treatment of nature in Tess.

    For the next time, we trace such a community in Talbothays Dairy. Nature has blessed the Dairy with its components in abundance. The inhabitants are in close contact with Nature and they lead a prosperous life. tess and angel for the very first time, come close to each other in this Dairy. This impulses of Nature are corresponding also to the instincts of the human body and the human mind. It is in Talbothays Dairy that Tess and Angel, in close contact with Nature, engage themselves in "Pagan" pleasures. But this organic community which is nurtured by Nature cannot exist forever, it is at stake.

    • Word count: 1005
  4. Discuss "Tess of the d'Urbervilles" as a Tragedy

    An interesting speculation might be whether these concepts - in humanistic terms so admirable and desirable - might not be ultimately responsible for the suffering of such people as Tess, who are not able to incorporate such complexities into the mundane ness of their conceptions and ambitions. First of all, the course events Tess undergoes may be considered. Tess is the eldest daughter of John Durbyfield. But later on it is discovered that they are actually descendents of the once famous knight D'Urbervilles.

    • Word count: 1723
  5. Tess Of The Du'rbervilles

    John D'Urbeyfield was then unaware by this news that the Parson had told him. For i.e. the Parson states "Don't you really know that you are the lineal representative of the ancient knightly family of the D'Urbervilles?" This suggests the unawareness of John D'Urbeyfield not knowing of his wealthy family fortunes. This meeting also had an impact on Tess as this was a chance for her to find out more about her wealthy history heritage, however at the same time a chance for fate due to her fathers' decision to send her to the D'Urbervilles due to the father at Victorian times were to be seen as the main person of the house at that particular period of time.

    • Word count: 1798
  6. Set in Wessex, "Tess of the D'Urbervilles" is a novel, which disregards the conventions of sexual morality on women. Hardy produced a very sensitive view of women

    The novel explores through Tess's relationship with two different men, Angel and Alec D'Urberville. She has an illegitimate child with Alec, after he raped her. Tess went to Alec D'Urbervilles house because she believed that they were her relatives, who could give her family some money, after their horse had died. Alec D'Urberville had been flirting with her, throughout her visit to his house. One night in the woods, Alec rapes her, which leads to her having a baby. Society back then would have seen Tess as a repulsive unethical woman, if she had a child without being married.

    • Word count: 1585
  7. Tess of the D'urbevilles

    moment on this day is nearly as essential as it is him telling John that he is from a Noble family with the title of " D'Urberville" . John's self esteem and pride rises as it is encouraged by the parson "well, its true, throw up your chin a moment so that I may catch the profile of your face better"... " yes that is the D'urbeville nose and chin" .. this description shows that he knows of this noble family features even in the face , although he may not be a 100% correct and to rely on just

    • Word count: 1508
  8. Hardy's objective was simple; to show the treatment of women at the time of release. Hardy uses Tess as the main character motivating the theme. She has a troublesome time trying to socialise with men

    These are two places that play a major part in Tess's life. Before going to Talbathoys Tess's life has been a calamity. Tess was in emotional crisis as well as economical ones. In the Victorian era a women with such a life would have been looked down upon as if she was an outcast. Tess becomes pregnant due to being raped by Alec'durbville who tricked her into believing that he was related to her. Due to this the society has a lowly view on Tess and other "women who have been gifted this curse".

    • Word count: 1508
  9. Is Tess a victim of society? Thomas Hardy wrote "Tess of the D'Urbevilles" in 1891in the height of the Victorian ideals and a social constraint

    Her proud character prevents her from accepting gifts, from Alec in particular which is what gets Tess into more trouble. Tess has grown up in relative poverty compared with Alec and so feels that she has to repay him in some way for the gifts in which he gives to her family. It is only after Alec tells Tess that he has provided a horse for her family and toys for her siblings that she falls into despair and her ultimate ending.

    • Word count: 1092
  10. Using chapters 34 & 35 show how Hardy presents Angel's rejection of Tess why does he reject her

    This distresses Tess as it is a sharp reminder for her that she is deceiving Angel by not confessing to him about her past. This makes Tess feel more guilt ridden and wretched therefore inevitable that she will confess despite her mother's advice. The idea that the paintings can never be removed symbolises the permanency of Alec in her past and her memory of him will always remain. During this chapter she is apprehensive but endeavours to look happy, this is shown when Tess and Angel are washing their hands. Angel asks, 'Which are my fingers and which are yours?'

    • Word count: 1426
  11. Compare how Shakespeare and Hardy present the role of their tragic heroines within society in 'Romeo and Juliet' and 'Tess of

    The presentation of the heroine begins in biblical times with notorious characters such as Eve and the Virgin Mary. These early female characters started the development of our literary heroines. Throughout Classical, Middle Ages and the Renaissance literature, the fundamental characteristics of female characters changed very little. They were essentially very beautiful and of high social status. They were not in control of their own fortunes and had very limited power. Male characters generally dominated these heroines, therefore reducing their strength and depth of character.

    • Word count: 1798
  12. Is being in love always a happy experience? With references to the main characters in 'Tess of the D'Urbervilles', show the range of emotions love can bring.

    The first experience of love in 'Tess of the D'Urbervilles' is when Tess, a 16 year old working class girl, is sent to claim kinship from the D'Urberville residents because Tess and her family believe they can help them. This is when Tess meets Alec D'Urberville for the first time. It is instantly clear there is a physical attraction when Alec begins flirting with Tess. This continues when Tess is offered work at the D'Urberville resident where she has to look after Mrs D'Urberville's finches.

    • Word count: 1616
  13. The Life and Times of Thomas Hardy (1840-1928)

    After schooling in Dorchester, Hardy was apprenticed to an architect. He was 16 at the time. He worked in an office, which specialised in restoration of churches. Between 1853-6 the Crimean War took place, this may have made Hardy reminisce the famines and riots he heard about whilst growing up. At the age of 18, in 1858, Hardy wrote his first surviving poem, 'Domicilium' and a year later Darwin's Origin of Species was published. At the age of 22 Hardy moved to London and started to write poems whilst working as an architect, but the poems failed to get published.

    • Word count: 1017
  14. The theme of conflict in Tess of the D'Urbervilles.

    Seduced by Alec, the heir of the family, Tess gives birth to an illegitimate child who dies in infancy, after an improvised midnight baptism of its mother. Some time later, while working as a dairy-maid on a large farm, Tess becomes engaged to Angel Clare, a clergyman's son. But Tess is pressed by her fault, and on their wedding night confesses to him her affair with Alec. Angel, who thought of himself as being free of prejudices, proves to be their slave.

    • Word count: 1018
  15. "It is too easy to assume that Angel and Alec are moral opposites; each is in fact as bad as the other" - discuss.

    My god how can forgiveness meet such a grotesque - prestidigitation as that?" and "I repeat, the woman I have been loving is not you". Previously in the novel Angel and Tess have been having a romantic relationship, in which Tess is wooed by Angel. Angel later on proposes to Tess and soon after, they get married; it is only after they are married that Angel allows Tess to tell him about her affair with Alec. The result of this is Angel declaring that he no longer loves Tess, as it was not her he fell in love with.

    • Word count: 1718
  16. Tess Is Only Partly To Blame For Her Own Tragic Decline. Powerful External Pressures, Social, Environmental and Supernatural Drive Her Inexorably Towards Her Cruel Fate - Agree or disagree.

    Tess's search for work to make up for the loss of her family's horse led her to the sinister and blatantly predatory Alec d'Urberville who she initially thought was a relative. The sexual double standards typical of late Victorian society were also clear at this point. Females who sinned paid a much higher social price for their mistakes. But Tess did not want to sin - she was pressurised into it by the evil d'Urberville and also by her own mother.

    • Word count: 1827
  17. "Compare George Eliot's treatment of religion in Middlemarch with Thomas Hardy's in Tess of the d'Urbervilles".

    as a map to convey their own feelings, so to look at the treatment, it all depends how the authors see religion should be treated in the first place. From the very start of Middlemarch it is apparent of the route Eliot plans to take in her treatment of religion. Her doubt of it is inherent from the beginning, and we read the prelude to hear of Saint Theresa. From this we can establish Eliot does not see religion as being such a potent force as it once was.

    • Word count: 1595
  18. Comment on setting in both "Tess of the D'Urbervilles" and Disraeli's "Sybil"

    Tess takes place in rural southern England in an area called Wessex that roughly corresponds to present-day Dorset County. Wessex includes a variety of landscapes, from fertile valleys to arid limestone beds, bordered by heaths, sands, and the sea. The novel begins in Marlott, which in reality is a village of Dorset named Marnhull. Tess, the protagonist of the story, is born and raised in Marlott, an isolated village that differs greatly from the country beyond. By describing Tess's world as small and confined, Hardy is reinforcing the idea that Tess is a "pure woman," a simple country maiden protected from the world beyond Marlott.

    • Word count: 1550
  19. Explore Hardys presentation of the journey to Talbothys and the second introduction to Angel Clare.

    It is interesting to note that any major changes in Tess's life are echoed by change in nature. This further expresses Tess's ever-present and infamous link with nature. Tess's Journey alone is full of symbolic communications to the reader of Tess's parallel characterisation to nature. Tess's journey to Talbothys takes place in May: "A particularly fine spring came around, and the stir of germination was almost audible in the buds; it moved her, as it moved the wild animals, and made her passionate to go." Here Tess's link with nature is openly communicated and the natural events inspire her motivations.

    • Word count: 1046
  20. How isTess seen to suffer inTess of the D'urbervilles'?

    Her face was described as being 'dry and pale' and her little bother asked 'is he gone to heaven?' Tess regarded herself a murdereress. The next case of suffering occurs when Tess meets Alec D'urberville for the first time. Tess feels out place here, as she feels inferior to him. Hardy shows this by describing Tess's 'sense of ludicrousness in her errand' and he tells of how Tess is 'in awe' of Alec. This makes Tess feel very uncomfortable. Tess had gone to the D'urberville's house to claim kin, as she belonged to a poor family and were seeking financial support and a better way of life.

    • Word count: 1408
  21. Explore Hardy's use of settings at Talbothays in phase the third and at Flintcomb-Ash in phase the fifth of "Tess Of The D'Urbervilles".

    Tess in Hardy's story experiences both good and bad during her life as a farm labourer. This mirrors the change in agricultural practices she witnesses. Hardy likes to in some of his books question the existence of god. And when Tess is finally hanged in his book he writs "The sun's rays smiled on pitilessly" The setting at Talbothays is happy. Hardy uses words which are very descriptive to make his sentences but one of the best are "The Froom waters were as clear as the pure river of life." To say that the Froom waters were clear as the pure river of life would mean that the waters were clear and pure so there fore a new beginning is promised.

    • Word count: 1065
  22. Comparative Study - Jane Eyre and Tess of the D'Urbervilles.

    Each situation is a catalyst for the next, with Tess becoming a victim of cruel fate: 'Tess had never before known a time in which the thread of her life was so distinctly twisted of two strands, positive pleasure and positive pain'. This theme of coincidence and idea of fate; that there is a greater power over humans that cannot be controlled, is echoed in 'Jane Eyre'. Jane is subject to ill-fated situations through no fault of her own. From the very beginning of the novel the reader discovers Jane's unfortunate circumstance of being orphaned, and having no choice but to live with her 'hard-hearted' aunt and vindictive cousins.

    • Word count: 1463
  23. Examine Hardy's narrative technique, taking note of imagery, symbolism, description and character portrayal.

    The way Hardy inserts 'devilish', when describing Tess is ironic I feel. From his very introduction in the novel, Alec has had satanic connotations, and this ensnaring of an innocent virgin only emphasises this. Alec immediately rotates the situation to place the blame on Tess, which highlights how masterful he is at seizing opportunities. He places a great deal of pressure on Tess to return his affections, and bullies Tess into feeling sorry for reacting in a way that any proper woman should.

    • Word count: 1057
  24. Analyse and compare at least two of the media texts you have studied, for example, the video 'working girl' and the article 'Get yourself noticed'.

    Then media reflects woman's role in society. It is interesting to examine how woman are presented in two media texts. There has always been a stereo type of a woman with blonde woman being classed as an air head. There is an image of the Statue of Liberty which represents freedom, equality and justice. It was a gift of international friendship from the people of France to the people of the United States and is one of the most universal symbols of political freedom and democracy.

    • Word count: 1095
  25. Contrast the descriptions of Flintcomb Ash and Tolbothays, showing how Hardy uses the atmosphere of places to reflect different stages in Tess' life.

    Flintcomb Ash is a farm, She is forced to find work as a result of her husband (Angle) leaving her and going to Brazil. When Tess arrives at Talbothays she is feeling that there is great optimism and hope for the future. She has now recovered from her recent tragic experiences and feels stronger and healed. "Her hopes mingled with the Sunshine." This shows that she is happy and the colour yellow from the sun represents this. Hardy uses pathetic fallacy to represent the season and the greatness of the place in the narrate. It shows images of fertilely, a new start and a new life for Tess, this is a happy time for Tess.

    • Word count: 1810

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Discuss how the two writers engage the Reader’s interest in their short stories.

    "In conclusion both Hardy and Lively use a variety of techniques to engage the reader into their short stories. I found both very good and thoroughly enjoyed them. The first time I read them both, I preferred The Darkness Out There. However, after reading them more thoroughly, I preferred Old Mrs Chundle. I loved the way Hardy threw in little words and sentences that didn't seem like much but really had great impact on the story. For example "brushed the knees of his trousers, and walked off." Both authors are very effective in engaging the reader."

  • Compare and contrast the novels

    "In conclusion, coming from different eras, one might not expect Hardy and Doherty's main moral messages to be the same. Most are however, and the two writers are in agreement as they say that both mother could have and would have survived with a baby in their worlds, had it not been for the attitudes of the people close to them. Indeed, Helen does survive, with Amy becoming "a fine thread being drawn through a garment, mending tears." Hardy also makes it clear that Tess would have had a wonderful new life with Angel, had his timing been different. So, although both pointing out the sometimes terrible consequences of having a baby without a husband, neither writer condemns it. Rather they condemn society for exacerbating the inevitable struggle of being a single mother."

  • To what extent are the outcomes of 'Tess of the d'Urbervilles' and Anouilh's 'Antigone' attributable in each case to the personality of the heroine?

    "In conclusion, I think that the personalities of the eponymous heroines contributed intensely to their outcome as in the case of Tess, she was too proud to make Angel to stay so she had to return to Alec, and in desperation ended up murdering him. Whereas in the case of Antigone, she defied an edict laid down by the king in belief that she was doing the right thing and even when offered a way out, she refused out of pride, proving she was willing to die for what she believed in. If these characters weren't so proud or independent, then it is most likely that neither of them would have had to face death so early on. If Tess hadn't been so proud, she might never have needed to tell Angel of her seduction and so could have lived a long happy life with him. If Antigone hadn't had been so haughty in the thought that she must die for burying her brother, instead of being willing to brush it under the carpet she could have lived a contented life with her fianc�e. Overall, I think that although the characters had their differences, the traits in their personalities of being too proud definitely caused their downfall. Joanna Lowe Page 1 5/4/2007"

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