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Examine the ways in which Conrad’s ‘Heart of Darkness’ and Golding’s ‘Lord of the Flies’ address the darkness of the human heart

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Introduction

Examine the ways in which Conrad's 'Heart of Darkness' and Golding's 'Lord of the Flies' address the darkness of the human heart In doing this I will explore some of the key points in both novels. For example they both criticise the period of time they are living in. For Golding it is after the Second World War and he is addressing that war could break out again. Proving this is in the first chapter we hear "we was attacked!" This shows that mankind would attack children in a passenger plane. Whereas Conrad is living in the late Victorian era where Europe has thrust imperialism on Africa and has exploited the natives into slavery. Evidence of this is the "chain-gangs". Firstly I am going to look at how both of the novels in some show a sort of journey into the human mind. In Lord of the Flies it is where the children cross from the good side of the island to the bad side. This starts with Jack saying "Bollocks to the rules!" This instantly showed the breakdown in society. ...read more.

Middle

Firstly, with Marlow and Ralph they start off as good people but they both make mistakes. For Ralph it was ultimately letting the group vote on whether there were ghosts or not. He did not need to let the vote go. What was strange was the way in that he asked the question "Who thinks that there may be ghosts?" That question seems to lead everyone into saying that there are ghosts. He instantly lost power. He should have asked, "Who thinks that there are no ghosts?" This would have led everyone into voting for this. Marlow made the main mistake in being led into Kurtz's charisma. He had stated his dislike of the ivory being kept, but when he met Kurtz you hear him say, "I was fascinated" Jack and Kurtz were similar in that they were evil. I have already examined the way in that Jack is evil, as he instigated the break down in the society on the island. He also had a band of bloodthirsty hunters. Kurtz is evil in the way that he "brought in more ivory than all the other stations put together" but he never returned it. ...read more.

Conclusion

The apple in the Garden of Eden is the bad side of the island (the fort area). This is proved by the fact that that was where Piggy was killed "his head opened and stuff came out and turned red." Both novels address the darkness of the human heart. I believe that they are both very similar. Conrad and Golding both use death as their tool of evil. In 'Heart of Darkness' it is the natives of Africa that are exploited and flogged until they die. In 'Lord of the Flies' Golding has used the fact that even children would murder each other if they were in charge of society. Both of the texts are fables. The two authors criticise what is happening or what could happen in their period of time. Conrad didn't like what was happening in Africa in the late nineteenth century. Golding was writing what could happen if another war broke out. They may both go to the extremes to condemn society, but with the violence of the everyday world and the overall greed, anything can happen. Saul Kay 11G Page 1 of 3 ...read more.

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