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How does Keats create a sense of autumn so effectively in his poem,' To Autumn'?

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How does Keats create a sense of autumn so effectively in his poem,' To Autumn'? The poem ' To Autumn ' by John Keats uses many different ways to express the nature of autumn. One of the ways he does this is by using poetic devices such as personification, imagery as well as certain sound effects and words or phrases that appeal to the senses such as taste and touch. Keats uses these devices to their potential and very successfully and effectively. One idea created throughout the poem is that each stanza is a different stage of autumn. For example, the third stanza is describing towards the end of autumn and the approach of winter. One major feature of the poem is Keats' use of personification, most noticeably in the second stanza. Keats uses personification to express the character he imagines autumn to be so you can understand autumn and relate it to yourself. Another reason why his use of personification is so successful is that it brings autumn to life. ...read more.


It is a sight that is a characteristic of the beginning of autumn and creates a good start to the poem and the feeling of the fruitfulness to come. Also in the first stanza, Keats depicts vines running around the roof: 'vines that round the thatch-eaves run...' This effectively depicts autumn being busy preparing the last-minute fruit and plumping the vegetables. This is a beautiful way to imagine autumn and is a characteristic of late autumn in our minds. One of the final images of the poem is of the 'small gnats mourn'. This creates an image of the gnats, swiftly flying around, buzzing sadly. In late autumn you often find gnats and as Keats depicts them as mourning, it gives a feeling that autumn is over and winter is arriving. Another device used in 'To Autumn' is appeal to the senses which is a way of involving the reader by using language which refers to taste, touch, smell and sound. An example of touch is 'clammy cells', used in the idea that summer has over filled the bees. ...read more.


My last example is 'hours by hours'. This example contains onomatopoeia, so the words seem to take a long time, long vowels, for the same reason, and also soft consonants. The soft consonants cause the reader to think very calmly, sleepily and carefree, so you think of autumn as Keats does. I think that Keats use of personification is the most effective in creating a sense of the season. This is because I would not have understood what Keats thought about autumn without this. The personification helps bring autumn to life as a human person like me and so I can relate to autumn more. It gives me an idea about autumn's character and what he does. This is my favourite quote: 'Close bosom friend of the maturing sun; Conspiring with him on how to load and bless With fruit...' This is because I love the idea of the sun and autumn working together to produce harvest and it reminds me of my two brothers when they were young, playing and conspiring on how to save the world. This is a wonderful poem and I have really enjoyed studying it and working out all the meanings. ...read more.

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