• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How does Keats create a sense of autumn so effectively in his poem,' To Autumn'?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How does Keats create a sense of autumn so effectively in his poem,' To Autumn'? The poem ' To Autumn ' by John Keats uses many different ways to express the nature of autumn. One of the ways he does this is by using poetic devices such as personification, imagery as well as certain sound effects and words or phrases that appeal to the senses such as taste and touch. Keats uses these devices to their potential and very successfully and effectively. One idea created throughout the poem is that each stanza is a different stage of autumn. For example, the third stanza is describing towards the end of autumn and the approach of winter. One major feature of the poem is Keats' use of personification, most noticeably in the second stanza. Keats uses personification to express the character he imagines autumn to be so you can understand autumn and relate it to yourself. Another reason why his use of personification is so successful is that it brings autumn to life. ...read more.

Middle

It is a sight that is a characteristic of the beginning of autumn and creates a good start to the poem and the feeling of the fruitfulness to come. Also in the first stanza, Keats depicts vines running around the roof: 'vines that round the thatch-eaves run...' This effectively depicts autumn being busy preparing the last-minute fruit and plumping the vegetables. This is a beautiful way to imagine autumn and is a characteristic of late autumn in our minds. One of the final images of the poem is of the 'small gnats mourn'. This creates an image of the gnats, swiftly flying around, buzzing sadly. In late autumn you often find gnats and as Keats depicts them as mourning, it gives a feeling that autumn is over and winter is arriving. Another device used in 'To Autumn' is appeal to the senses which is a way of involving the reader by using language which refers to taste, touch, smell and sound. An example of touch is 'clammy cells', used in the idea that summer has over filled the bees. ...read more.

Conclusion

My last example is 'hours by hours'. This example contains onomatopoeia, so the words seem to take a long time, long vowels, for the same reason, and also soft consonants. The soft consonants cause the reader to think very calmly, sleepily and carefree, so you think of autumn as Keats does. I think that Keats use of personification is the most effective in creating a sense of the season. This is because I would not have understood what Keats thought about autumn without this. The personification helps bring autumn to life as a human person like me and so I can relate to autumn more. It gives me an idea about autumn's character and what he does. This is my favourite quote: 'Close bosom friend of the maturing sun; Conspiring with him on how to load and bless With fruit...' This is because I love the idea of the sun and autumn working together to produce harvest and it reminds me of my two brothers when they were young, playing and conspiring on how to save the world. This is a wonderful poem and I have really enjoyed studying it and working out all the meanings. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE John Keats section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE John Keats essays

  1. John Keats-Ode To Autumn

    can come slowly in with warm sun and late flowers such that the bees may think it is still summer. Maybe this all relates to Keats and shows he had reached the ripest point of his career. The second stanza is Autumn described in a very strong way and shows us very visual ideas.

  2. In what ways does John Keats express the intensity of feeling in the poem ...

    These are all heavy workloads and highlight the fullness of autumn. Further, we gain an impression from these two lines of a woman maturing, and perhaps, of autumn being fecund and fertile. The contrast used is immensely striking. The poet also describes the ripe and totally sweet fruit that can

  1. To Autumn

    The first example of this is the use of the double verbs, 'load and bless.' Both are emphasising the extreme generosity and kindness of the autumn suggesting an atmosphere of total comfort and relaxation. This idea is illustrated by the use of the soft sibilant in the verb 'bless.'

  2. Compare and Contrast the Poets’ View of God in O Loss of Sight and ...

    Milton feels victimised by his deprivation of sight. He bemoans his fate, as he is "exposed to daily fraud, contempt, abuse and wrong". There is no relief from these indignities, and this is because Milton refuses to let himself accept that God did not spitefully take his sight because of some misdemeanour.

  1. To autumn

    * Keats died of tuberculosis at 25 (at 25 you're filled with ripeness to the core). He's like the bees, full of vitality and youth but not knowing that he'll die. Verse 2 * Line 1 means that everyone has seen autumn.

  2. The two poems I have chosen to look at are the extract of Summer: ...

    In the end, the Furies dismembered Orpheus! Perhaps, Pope's choices of mythological references are meant to be flawed, again, mocking the use of mythology in love poetry. I enjoyed this poem, both for its humour, and it's layering. It's magical and mythological mood and atmosphere worked to exaggerate and mock

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work