How Does Napoleon Take and Maintain Control Of Animal Farm?
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How Does Napoleon Take and Maintain Control Of Animal Farm? George Orwell's character Napoleon is a very clever and sly animal. He uses several methods to take and maintain control of the farm. His primary methods are by using fear, by exploiting the animal and by bending the rules. Napoleon uses is intellect to good effect as far as self-interest is concerned. Napoleon instills fear as a way of giving the animal no chance to argue about what he says. This allows him to run the farm in his own manner and gives him a more confortable life than the other animals. Early on in Animal Farm, Napoleon takes Jessie and Bluebells nine newborn puppies. These puppies become the forefront of his campaign of fear. He uses them to gain power by eliminating his nemesis, Snowball "They dashed straight for Snowball...he slipped through a hole in the hedge and was seen no more."
Boxer was the most loyal, hard working "comrade" on the farm. Napoleon abuses his loyalty by getting all the work out of him that he can, then selling him to the slaughterhouse to get the last possible bit of money out of him. Also Napoleon uses the convincing speeches of Squealer as a way of preventing the animals being enraged by the killing of Boxer "the van had previously been the property of the knacker and had been bought by the veterinary surgeon, who had not painted the old name out." The Squealer promoted Napoleons love saying he had paid out much money on expensive medicines leading the animals to think that Napoleon was kind and caring. However in fact he was using boxer for personal benefit before he could reach retiring age. Also, Napoleon established trade links with neighboring farms to allow more income in exchange of overly produced goods.
This all led to a more comfortable life for Napoleon and the pigs. In Animal Farm Napoleon uses many methods to keep and maintain control. The book is based on the Russian Revolution with Napoleon representing the dictator, Stalin. Towards the end, Animal Farm looses its democracy. Napoleon used other animals such as Squealer to maintain control and did not give ant of the other animals a say in what went on. This allows Napoleons self-interest to be fuelled by the power that comes to him. To keep that power Napoleon engraves fear into the animals' minds, exploits their hard work and bends the rules to suit his needs. He uses militaristic tactics such as biding his time for example when he waits until Snowballs windmill plans are finalised before using them himself. This again ties in with the Russian revolution. Orwell uses Napoleon to express his view on Stalin in the ways that he keeps and maintains control of animal farm as Stalin did of Russia.
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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay
A good essay that analyses the character well. I would recommend more analysis of structure and how themes are used but changed throughout the plot. I would also consider social and historical factors that influenced the writing in more detail.
Marked by teacher Laura Gater 29/05/2013
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