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Julius Caesar

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Introduction

Robin Butcher Julius Caesar After analysing Mark Anthony's speech at Julius Caesar's funeral, I have come to some conclusions about the persuasive techniques used by Shakespeare to manipulate the crowd within the story and to turn the plebeians against Brutus and the other conspirators. The speech is also used to stop the commons making Brutus Caesar. Brutus has allowed Mark Anthony to give a speech at Julius Caesar's funeral but only after Brutus has given his side of the story, by now Brutus has all the commons/plebeians support. During his speech Brutus offers his life. Mark Anthony starts his speech with the words "You gentle Romans" this sounds as if he is taking pity on them immediately drawing their full attention to him. Next he addresses them as "Friends, Romans, countrymen" this is appealing to their consciousness as citizens of Rome Brutus but also by addressing them using the three words it becomes more personal instead of "everyone". Immediately Mark Anthony states his reason for his presence this being that he "has come to bury Caesar, not to praise him", this is because the commons have turned against Caesar and so do not want to hear good of him. Also by saying this it put Mark Anthony on their side. It is at this point we're told that while good is buried with the dead the evil lives on after them. ...read more.

Middle

the speech more effective by talking from personal experience and so it can not be argued as this is fact unlike Brutus' reason as his is an opinion. Rhetorical One technique used by Mark Anthony is rhetorical questions. These are used when questioning Brutus "Was this ambition? this is used after 3 sets of poses/pattern of three when ......... has been built up. The second rhetorical question is when Mark Anthony asks the crowd "what cause withholds you then, to mourn for him? Already answered it in the question Used for dramatic effect use of impressive language By saying this he has shown the crowd that they are allowed to mourn Subsequent to this Mark Anthony gives the answer to his rhetorical question. He does this by speaking to the crowd indirectly by addressing their judgement "O Judgement thou art fled to brutish beast, and men have lost their reason." By speaking indirectly to them he states that brutish beast (Brutus) has stolen their judgment/reasoning and that there is no reason for them, not to mourn. Imagery Rhythm/rhyme Poetry Emotive language As I have already said unlike Brutus appears arrogant and forceful Anthony, who is an emotional and sincere speaker, his speech comes from the heart and personal experience this to the crowd is easier to accept and is more forthcoming. ...read more.

Conclusion

He cared a lot for Caesar and as a result he grieved a lot when Caesar was killed. Because he was very close to Caesar he wants revenge and, although he can hide it, has a lot of hatred for the conspirators who killed Caesar. At first it seemed that he was so upset that Caesar had died that he would wish to die also. However, later he seems to decide that revenging his death would be a better way. He knows the conspirators only as other Romans, he does not know them as friends and knows very little about them. As a result he may not know about Cassius' cunning mind that has already discovered Mark Anthony's plan for revenge. but Brutus takes a defensive approach, leaving the people to their own conclusions. However, Anthony takes a prosecuting approach against Brutus, so sneaky that it is almost subliminal. Furthermore, Anthony's examples give him an advantage over Brutus because he backs up statements while Brutus leaves his statements more open-ended. The people seem to find it easier to accept Anthony, an emotional and sincere speaker They are swayed to him by his dramatics, his underhanded way of making a point, his repetition, and compelling proof of Caesar's concern. He is able to get the people to question the rightness of killing Caesar. He has planted doubt in the people's minds, in all areas except that he, ...read more.

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