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London is a city which was never planned.

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LONDON As well as being the capital of England, London is the capital of the United Kingdom. It is one of the greatest, most colourful and interesting cities of the world, and it tops the list of the cities I would like to visit. I know a lot about it - I have studied its map, seen a lot of postcards, talked to people who have been there. Sometimes I close my eyes and imagine I walk down Piccadilly, Regent or Oxford Street, cross the Thames by London or Tower Bridge, or knock on the door of Number 10, Downing Street, just to say "Hi!" to Tony Blair. London is a city which was never planned. It has accumulated. So, it includes the City of London, the West End and the East End. The city is really large - more than 8 million people live in so-called Greater London - that is, London and its suburbs. It stands on the both sides of the river Thames and 14 bridges span the river. The Thames, described variously as "liquid history" and the "noblest river in Europe" is graced in London with a score of bridges, tunnels and a barrier, but until 1750, when the first Westminster Bridge opened, London Bridge was the one and the only. The first one built in stone from 1176 to 1209 became renowned throughout Europe for its houses and a chapel dedicated to St Thomas of Canterbury. ...read more.


Today there is a complete China Town and Restaurants serve haute cuisine from scores of countries. There are beautiful parks in the West End, such as St James's Park, Green Park, Kensington Gardens, and Hyde Park with its Speaker's Corner there you can go up on a platform and speak freely on the topic that you find vital. The Royal Parks are central London's lungs. Bands play beside lakes, parks have cafes and art galleries. The Houses of Parliament with its Big Ben, the chimes of which are heard throughout the world on the BBC World Service are also in the West End. Big Ben, the voice of London, has been telling the time to the second since 1859. Construction of the 320 foot clock tower began in the year Queen Victoria came to the throne, 1837, as part of the reconstruction of the Houses of Parliament. The Great Bell cracked, was recast and cracked again, given us the famous resonating boom. Why Big Ben? There are two answers - either can be chosen. It could have been named after Sir Benjamin Hall, chief commissioner of works at that time. Or, perhaps, it was named by workmen - Benjamin Caunt - who brought the bell from Whitechapel Foundry on a cart pulled by 16 white horses. The Palace of Westminster - among the world's most famous buildings - houses the British Parliament: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. ...read more.


Paul's Cathedral, for example, where a lot of famous people were buried. The National and Tate Galleries contain many masterpieces of art. Westminster Abbey has been the setting for every monarch's coronation, beginning with Edward the Confessor, a saintly man who came to the throne in 1040. The Abbey presents a pageant of noble, military, political and artistic history. It has the graves of queens and kings, of poets, politicians and churchmen. And the High Altar still contains the body of Edward the Confessor, the Abbey's founder. Westminster Cathedral is the leading Roman Catholic Church in England. It was built half a mile from the Abbey. The single bell in the 280 foot high campanile is dedicated (like the Chapel in the Abbey) to Edward the Confessor. This gift from Gwendolen, Duchess of Norfolk, is inscribed "St Edward, pray for England". The East End is something quite different. It is the industrial part of London. There are factories and docks there, and blocks of flats where working people live. They form quite a contrast to what we can see in the West End. CONCLUSION "When a man is tired of London, he is tired of life: for there is in London all that life can afford" -, wrote Samuel Johnson in 1777. Naturally, London is a cultural, scientific, and industrial center of the country, and it means that a lot of interesting things are taking place there all the time. CONTENTS 1. Introduction. 2. Main part. 2.1. The River. 2.2. The City of London. 2.3. The West End. 2.4. The East End. 3. Conclusion. 4. Bibliography. ...read more.

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