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Pre 20th Century Poetry Coursework

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Pre 20th Century Poetry Coursework Simran Lotay 4P The poets John Donne, Andrew Marvell and William Shakespeare all use numerous different devices to seduce their audiences. Some of the techniques employed are similar between the poets, but there are also differences. The poem 'The Flea' is a metaphysical poem, using metaphysical conceit to persuade the audience. In the poem the 'flea' could be understood as an extended metaphor for virginity, 'how little that which thou deniest me' The poet could be likening the flea's size to the importance of her virginity, in order to convince his audience that the loss of virginity is not a big deal. Donne tells his audience that 'in this flea our too bloods mingled be'. And that 'this cannot be said a sin, nor shame, nor loss of maidenhead'. The poet could be suggesting that his audience can't say that what the flea has done is a sin, and she has now lost her virginity, so her loosing her virginity to him would also not be a sin. There is also mention of 'Pamper'd swells with one blood made of two', which could be a suggestion of a child. ...read more.


Marvell dignifies his previous statements with 'for, lady, you deserve this state, nor would I ever love at a lower rate' he is saying to her that he could never lover her any less and she only deserves the highest amount of love. By using the word 'lady' he makes all his statements sound more dignified and 'proper'. In the second stanza Marvell explains why he cannot do all those things he said in the first stanza. 'I always hear, time's winged chariot hurrying near' he tells his lover that death is drawing near, and they are running out of time. Marvell may have personified time to make it sound more real, or so it would connect more with his lover. The theme of a chariot comes from roman and Greek mythology, which again shows Marvell's intelligence. He says to his lover that when she is dead her 'beauty shall no more be found'. He could be suggesting that she should not waste her beauty when she is alive. He also tells her 'nor, in thy marble vault, shall sound my echoing song'. ...read more.


The poet describes his lover's breath with words such as 'reek', which have negative connotations. Satirical comments like this are employed throughout the poem, and are a deliberate contrast with the other poetry fashionable at the time. 'My mistress when she walks treads on the ground and yet by heaven I think my love as rare as any she belied with false compare' He is telling her he loves her just as much as a woman who has been lied to or flattered about their looks. These last lines are meant to demonstrate Shakespeare's love for his mistress and to squander any doubts that had aroused in his lover from the pervious comments. In this poem Shakespeare's sonnet 130 contrasts with conventional poetry and breaks all the rules, he explains that she has faults but he loves her because of or in spite of them. The language he uses suggests honesty and persuades his audience to believe what he says. From an overall perspective it is apparent that flattery was the most popular form of persuasion at the time, however Sonnet 130 demonstrates how alternative devices such as honesty and satyr can be used to the same effect. ?? ?? ?? ?? Simran Lotay 4P ...read more.

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