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This essay is aimed at discussing the differences between two short stories, called 'The Withered Arm' by Thomas Hardy and 'Turned' by Charlotte Perkins Gilman

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This essay is aimed at discussing the differences between two short stories, called 'The Withered Arm' by Thomas Hardy and 'Turned' by Charlotte Perkins Gilman. These stories have similar plots and both deliver and contrast these in their very own clever ways. They are both based on the idea of triangular relationships, involving two women and a man. In the story 'Turned' there is a couple named Mr. and Mrs. Marroner, and their employee who is a young and beautiful Swedish maid who goes by the name of Gerta. In 'The Withered Arm' the relationship is between a lady called Rhoda Brook and a farmer called Farmer Lodge and his wife who is called Gertrude. This essay will discuss the similarities and differences between the two stories and their characters, I will also discuss the language used, and the way the same image is effectively conveyed in the two stories. The author of 'Turned' is Charlotte Perkins Gilman who was from a poor background and was born in Connecticut, USA, in 1860. The first story she wrote was called 'The Yellow Wallpaper' which she wrote in 1892. She then went on to write her best-known book, which was called 'Women and Economics.' Gilman was a feminist writer who believed that women had the right to their own independence. This is demonstrated in the character of Marion in 'Turned', as she is a clever woman with a degree and has a title of doctor. Gilman published 'Turned' in 1911 at the time where issues surrounding women rights was becoming more serious and common. ...read more.


(The boy who she previously admired and helped out) As far as Rhoda is concerned Gertrude had rendered impossible any with Farmer Lodge It should also be brought to attention that in both of these stories it was the woman outside of the relationship who produced the baby when the woman inside of the relationship was the one trying to conceive. Gertrude Lodge "had brought him no child" when Rhoda Brook had already given birth to his son. Mrs. Marroner said, "How they do come where they are not wanted - and they don't come where they are wanted." Implying that Gerta had given birth to a baby, who really was not wanted and how she and Mr. Marroner were desperately trying to conceive but were unable to due to the fact of her being infertile plus men who want children, but not the ones they have! In both of these stories we have tales of deceit and lies between the three members of the individual triangular relationships. In Turned the biggest lie comes from Mr. Marroner deceiving his wife by cheating on her and getting the young and impressionable Swedish home help Gerta pregnant. "He appreciated the full innocence, the ignorance, the grateful affection, the habitual docility, of which he took advantage." When he made the mistake of mixing the letters and sending Gerta's letter to his wife, and his wife's letter to Gerta. In his letter he had made more empty promises by lying to Gerta that he will look after and take care of her, but he was subtly trying to get Gerta to leave her position with Mrs. ...read more.


In Turned the story ends with Mrs. Marroner Leaving her husband with Gerta to start up a new life with her and his baby. It shows the bravery these women had to leave their rich home and move somewhere completely new where their fortune and well-being was hanging very much in the balance. Later Mr. Marroner went in search of his wife and when he found out where she lived, a woman appeared at the door with a younger attractive woman holding a baby, and the woman who used to be his wife said to him "What have you to say to us?" In the Withered Arm the story ended with Rhoda Brook returning to her old job that she had at the start of the story which was the milking of cows, Gertrude became too old and frail and died and Farmer Lodge became a kind, caring and thoughtful man! Gertrude died three days later in the town "Her blood had been turned indeed, too far." After this Rhoda had lost her friend and her son so she decided to resume where she had started where "Her monotonous milking at the dairy was resumed." Farmer Lodge on the third corner of this triangular relationship gave up his farms and became a member of the parish after he overcame his remorse and moodiness. "He eventually changed for the better, and appeared as a chastened and thoughtful man" To conclude this essay, triangular relationships happen and probably always will happen for years to come. It doesn't make any difference about what century it happens in or if it is from a rich or poor background because affairs, unwanted babies and complicated relationships are part of life. ?? ?? ?? ?? 2 1 ...read more.

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