• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the caste system develop and how was it perpetuated?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the caste system develop and how was it perpetuated? In Indian literature there is a natural system of social organization, which can bring about a peaceful society where everyone is happy. This system is described as Varnasrama dharma (Caste System). The caste system was created so that people of all merits and positions could make spiritual and economic advancements in life. The perpetuation of the caste system however was a result of many influences. The two main reasons both derive from the majority religion, even today, in India, Hinduism. The first point is samsara (reincarnation), was one factor that contributed to the continuity of the caste system. The second was kharma (the sum of merits of a person at any given time in their life). ...read more.

Middle

In the Hindu beliefs the part about samara (reincarnation) played a large role in the perpetuation of the caste system. According to this belief all people on Earth are reincarnated (their spirits after death are reborn in a new body). This cycle continues as you reach higher and higher castes and Jati (sub-caste). The final goal of this cycle is nirvana (full union with the divine essence). In this way samsara played a large role in the perpetuation of the Indian caste system. With this belief along with the belief in kharma and nirvana order was maintained within the civilization. Kharma is the sum of merit at any given point in life; it is what determines your caste, for reincarnation. ...read more.

Conclusion

The people are the ones who kept the caste system alive to even current day. They lived their lives with the ideals of kharma, reincarnation, and nirvana, and passed it subsequently to the generations below. No one dared put an end to it, because speculating the caste system and Hinduism was not good kharma and would demote ones caste. The Indian caste system had lived many centuries and has been an integral part in maintain spiritual and social order in India. The caste systems perpetuation isn't necessarily a bad thing, especially if you were at the top of the list, however the 'untouchables' and lower classes were put through many violations of the most basic of human rights, and this is the reason that the caste system can no longer work in modern society. The caste system may have been a working method during the classical civilization; however its modern uses are quite antiquated. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE John Agard: Half-Caste section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE John Agard: Half-Caste essays

  1. Poem Comparison-Half Caste and I am not that Woman

    "I am not that Woman" also makes several mentions to the idea of being confined by the way she is thought of. She tells us how she was "crushed, "bought and sold, and "a commodity you traded in." However, the contrast between the two is again that the woman in

  2. Outline the significant features of the Caste system, and Comment on the criticisms made ...

    warrior status being replaced by wealthy merchants. The caste system is the longest surviving hierarchy, and is subject to changing economic and political requirements of evolving society, id est the recent protests against caste will eventually result in a change in the system. The caste system has appeared to have reached a static and inflexible state, a

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work