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Why did William win the battle of Hastings?

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01/05/02 Why did William win the battle of Hastings? There are many reasons why William won the battle of Hastings. I think the main reason that William won was good luck, although his good leadership and preparation also helped him. When Harold was crowned king of England, William was extremely cross, as Harold had promised him that once King Edward the Confessor died he would help him get the throne. William was so angry with Harold and wanted the throne for him self that he decided to invade. Harold was expecting this to happen and he and his army waited on the beach. William was planning to arrive on the beach and if this had happened Harold would have slaughtered him. ...read more.


So he positioned him self on top of Senlac Hill. This was no ordinary hill. It was surrounded by marsh, which meant William could only attack one side, meaning that Harold could place his whole army on one side of the hill. He organised his army so that they formed a hole-less shield wall that not even the Normans could break down. William decided to use his archers then foot soldiers then cavalry. This of course should have been an advantage from the start as Harold only had foot soldiers. The arrows from his archers either flew over the wall and landed harmlessly behind the men, or got stuck in the shields. He then sent up his foot soldiers that did no better. ...read more.


The cavalry broke down the rest of the shield wall and hacked Harold to death. Had it not been for William's good leadership and intelligence then Harold could have won the battle. I think the deciding factor, though, was the fact that Harold's men did not have the discipline to stay put, but chased William's army down the hill and put themselves in a position where they could be, and were, killed. There was also a lot of luck involved and William got more than his quota. For example, had William arrived on the beach in august as he planned then he would have been slaughtered. It was only the weather that stopped him. Another reason was that William's army was better from the start as it contained cavalry, archers and foot soldiers as opposed to Harold's army, which had only foot soldiers (and was also tired from the previous battle). ...read more.

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