• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

A Brief History of Snowdonia National Park

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Contents Introduction 2 Method 6 Data Presentation 10 Data Interpretation 20 Evaluation 31 Bibliography 35 Introduction A Brief History of Snowdonia National Park Snowdonia National Park was established in 1951 and covers an area of 2,142 square kilometres (827 square miles). The park mainly consists of several ancient mountain ranges. These mountain ranges were formed by volcanic activity, and they were eroded during the Ice Ages. The highest of these is Yr Wyddfa Fawr (1,085m/3,560ft) one of the five peaks of the Snowdon Massif (or Mount Snowdon). Map 1.1 - Snowdonia National Park (The red square shows the location of Betws-y-Coed) There are many different roads leading into the park, which bring in visitors from other parts of the country. The A470 will bring in visitors from the South and South West ( and probably South Wales). The A55 and A543 will bring in visitors from the North, North West and North East (especially Liverpool, Manchester, Leeds and Sheffield). Map 1.2 - The area surrounding Snowdonia National Park Looking at Map 1.2, there are good transport links to the Park from other areas of the United Kingdom. For example, there is the M6 bringing in people from Manchester, Liverpool and Birmingham. The M4 brings in people from London and the surrounding area. What Is Tourism? Tourism is a multisectoral activity that requires inputs from many industries - agriculture, construction, and manufacturing and from both the public and private sector to produce the goods and services used by tourists. It has no clearly determined boundaries and no physical output; it is a provider of services which in range will vary between countries.' Another more concise definition is: Leisure time activity generally defined as involving an overnight stay or more, away from home. What Are Tourists? All types of visitor engaged in tourism are described as visitors, a term that constitutes the basic concept for the whole system of tourism statistics; the term visitor may be further subdivided into the same-day visitors and tourists as ...read more.

Middle

However, I thought that meat and dairy products would be cheaper because they would have been produced locally, Wales has a reputation for farming. Several of the above thoughts were backed up by evidence. Overall, the shopping list is �1.90 cheaper in Sheffield than in Betws-y-Coed. However, some prices were quite interesting and surprised me. Firstly, the cigarettes were the same price both in Sheffield and Betws-y-Coed were the same price, because the Government puts a standard tax on all tobacco all around the country. The bottle of wine is slightly cheaper in Sheffield, but the beer is the same price. Beer is usually the same price wherever you go, but the wine is quite expensive because, firstly, it has been imported in from abroad and, secondly, it has to be taken to Betws-y-Coed specially, which probably puts the price up slightly. The sausages quite surprised me. The sausages from Betws-y-Coed were locally produced using free-range pork and cost �4.40 per kilo. However, the sausages from Sheffield were locally produced as well, using free-range pork, but cost �3.96 per kilo, a saving of �0.44. It is a surprising difference, even though both products are virtually the same thing. I think it is due to the sausage producers, maybe they charge a higher price for their sausages. Probably the most surprising price difference between Sheffield and Betws-y-Coed was the orange and apple juice. In Sheffield, the orange and apple juice costs �0.79 per 1 litre carton and in Betws-y-Coed, the orange and apple juice costs �0.59 per 1 litre carton, a saving of �0.20. I picked the store's own brand apple and orange juice, but I found a price difference on the same item which is interesting. The petrol prices were more expensive in Betws-y-Coed at the time I visited, May 2004. Recently, the petrol prices have increased to the Government, but I found that petrol was slightly more expensive in Betws-y-Coed. ...read more.

Conclusion

The nearest major city to Betws-y-Coed is Manchester, so this fact may influence the number of visitors. Q. What are the drawbacks to tourism? The drawbacks to tourism are more apparent when you enter Betws-y-Coed. There are hardly any shops for the locals, who live in Betws-y-Coed. Almost all the shops are tourist-related. The only shops the locals will find useful is the convenience stores and the newsagent. There is one major drawback to tourism - litter. Wherever tourists go, they create litter, and in some places, litter can be a serious problem. In some honeypot sites, schemes have been put in place to try and reduce the amount of litter, for example, Malham in the Yorkshire Dales. The problem is also apparent in other areas. Walking on footpaths creates erosion, and so does climbing. Some people choose to not stick to the designated path and walk on the grassy banks, therefore damaging them. Q. Is traffic an issue? The local council in Betws-y-Coed are trying desperately to control the number of cars through Betws-y-Coed. There is one main car park, but it quickly fills up throughout the day, and some people double park or illegally park their cars. Along the A5 which runs through Betws-y-Coed, there are double yellow lines and warning signs. Despite this, there are still too many cars. According to my data above, over 70% of all the visitors arrive by car. A shuttle bus service does run into Betws-y-Coed, but it is hardly used by the visitors. The main car park does have a separate park for coaches, but most of the visitors arrive by car. The data above shows that none of the visitors arrived by public transport. Traffic is a major issue in Betws-y-Coed, and, if further measures aren't taken soon, Betws-y-Coed will soon turn into a Welsh version of London before the congestion charge. However, there are solutions to the traffic problem in Betws-y-Coed. Park and ride schemes do operate, but, unfortunately, there is hardly any land surrounding Betws-y-Coed to build one on. Because of the limited space, no new car-parks can be built. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    A study of tourism on Bourton-on-the-water

    4 star(s)

    roads will be more dangerous, not just to car drivers but pedestrians also. Another quotation taken from Taylor states "all sorts of transport can have negative impact on the environment. Bikes and pedestrians cause erosion of paths and traffic causes pollution and fuel consumption" Also the environmental quality survey shows,

  2. Geography Castleton Coursework.

    Shops catering for residents a few small general stores which only sell a limited range of goods. There is no butcher, bakery or chemist. Residents often have to journey to the bigger towns on the edge of the Peak District to do their essential shopping.

  1. Sphere of influence map.

    It will be known as the Grand Arcade (See Plan1). There will be a walkway, which will link it with Lion Yard. The Arcade will be from Downing Street to the Lion Yard also to St Andrews Street down to the Corn Exchange As a result St.

  2. Geography Tourism Coursework

    This is because Cromer has to abide by strict development laws. A motorway would pollute the area, which is of natural outstanding beauty. * Cromer had more day visitors earlier that other seaside resorts. * Cromer's hotels were also built earlier than other resorts; the Hotel De Paris was built before 1850 and was extended in 1851.

  1. An Investigation into the impact of tourism on Betws-y-Coed.

    The areas in and around Snowdonia National Parks are naturally picturesque, and visitors can enjoy tranquil walks, admiring anything from glaciated scenery to lush green valleys. (see below) The idyllic surroundings present a change from an arduous urban lifestyle, and this is one of the many reasons people flock from cities such as Manchester and Liverpool.

  2. Geography Fieldwork - The effects of Tourism in Keswick

    on by walkers the soil becomes compacted and the vegetation dies leaving bare dry soil, The soil is then washed away by heavy rainfall which results in the development of gullies or deeply cut channels, the actual path becomes complicated to walk on and so the process begins again on

  1. Castleton and The Peak District National Park.

    The method could be improved by asking locals what effects tourism has on them, but once again, time prevented this. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- H0 (Null hypothesis) = Tourists do not create and employment opportunities for local people H1 (Alternative hypothesis) = Tourists create employment opportunities for local people As a result of

  2. What Impacts Does Tourism Have on Dovedale? - Evaluation of our survey.

    Secondly all points that don?t contribute something to the overall picture of the state of the environment, such as how special a site is should be removed from the survey. This way a more accurate picture is built up on criteria that matter.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work