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A Brief History of Snowdonia National Park

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Contents Introduction 2 Method 6 Data Presentation 10 Data Interpretation 20 Evaluation 31 Bibliography 35 Introduction A Brief History of Snowdonia National Park Snowdonia National Park was established in 1951 and covers an area of 2,142 square kilometres (827 square miles). The park mainly consists of several ancient mountain ranges. These mountain ranges were formed by volcanic activity, and they were eroded during the Ice Ages. The highest of these is Yr Wyddfa Fawr (1,085m/3,560ft) one of the five peaks of the Snowdon Massif (or Mount Snowdon). Map 1.1 - Snowdonia National Park (The red square shows the location of Betws-y-Coed) There are many different roads leading into the park, which bring in visitors from other parts of the country. The A470 will bring in visitors from the South and South West ( and probably South Wales). The A55 and A543 will bring in visitors from the North, North West and North East (especially Liverpool, Manchester, Leeds and Sheffield). Map 1.2 - The area surrounding Snowdonia National Park Looking at Map 1.2, there are good transport links to the Park from other areas of the United Kingdom. For example, there is the M6 bringing in people from Manchester, Liverpool and Birmingham. The M4 brings in people from London and the surrounding area. What Is Tourism? Tourism is a multisectoral activity that requires inputs from many industries - agriculture, construction, and manufacturing and from both the public and private sector to produce the goods and services used by tourists. It has no clearly determined boundaries and no physical output; it is a provider of services which in range will vary between countries.' Another more concise definition is: Leisure time activity generally defined as involving an overnight stay or more, away from home. What Are Tourists? All types of visitor engaged in tourism are described as visitors, a term that constitutes the basic concept for the whole system of tourism statistics; the term visitor may be further subdivided into the same-day visitors and tourists as ...read more.


However, I thought that meat and dairy products would be cheaper because they would have been produced locally, Wales has a reputation for farming. Several of the above thoughts were backed up by evidence. Overall, the shopping list is �1.90 cheaper in Sheffield than in Betws-y-Coed. However, some prices were quite interesting and surprised me. Firstly, the cigarettes were the same price both in Sheffield and Betws-y-Coed were the same price, because the Government puts a standard tax on all tobacco all around the country. The bottle of wine is slightly cheaper in Sheffield, but the beer is the same price. Beer is usually the same price wherever you go, but the wine is quite expensive because, firstly, it has been imported in from abroad and, secondly, it has to be taken to Betws-y-Coed specially, which probably puts the price up slightly. The sausages quite surprised me. The sausages from Betws-y-Coed were locally produced using free-range pork and cost �4.40 per kilo. However, the sausages from Sheffield were locally produced as well, using free-range pork, but cost �3.96 per kilo, a saving of �0.44. It is a surprising difference, even though both products are virtually the same thing. I think it is due to the sausage producers, maybe they charge a higher price for their sausages. Probably the most surprising price difference between Sheffield and Betws-y-Coed was the orange and apple juice. In Sheffield, the orange and apple juice costs �0.79 per 1 litre carton and in Betws-y-Coed, the orange and apple juice costs �0.59 per 1 litre carton, a saving of �0.20. I picked the store's own brand apple and orange juice, but I found a price difference on the same item which is interesting. The petrol prices were more expensive in Betws-y-Coed at the time I visited, May 2004. Recently, the petrol prices have increased to the Government, but I found that petrol was slightly more expensive in Betws-y-Coed. ...read more.


The nearest major city to Betws-y-Coed is Manchester, so this fact may influence the number of visitors. Q. What are the drawbacks to tourism? The drawbacks to tourism are more apparent when you enter Betws-y-Coed. There are hardly any shops for the locals, who live in Betws-y-Coed. Almost all the shops are tourist-related. The only shops the locals will find useful is the convenience stores and the newsagent. There is one major drawback to tourism - litter. Wherever tourists go, they create litter, and in some places, litter can be a serious problem. In some honeypot sites, schemes have been put in place to try and reduce the amount of litter, for example, Malham in the Yorkshire Dales. The problem is also apparent in other areas. Walking on footpaths creates erosion, and so does climbing. Some people choose to not stick to the designated path and walk on the grassy banks, therefore damaging them. Q. Is traffic an issue? The local council in Betws-y-Coed are trying desperately to control the number of cars through Betws-y-Coed. There is one main car park, but it quickly fills up throughout the day, and some people double park or illegally park their cars. Along the A5 which runs through Betws-y-Coed, there are double yellow lines and warning signs. Despite this, there are still too many cars. According to my data above, over 70% of all the visitors arrive by car. A shuttle bus service does run into Betws-y-Coed, but it is hardly used by the visitors. The main car park does have a separate park for coaches, but most of the visitors arrive by car. The data above shows that none of the visitors arrived by public transport. Traffic is a major issue in Betws-y-Coed, and, if further measures aren't taken soon, Betws-y-Coed will soon turn into a Welsh version of London before the congestion charge. However, there are solutions to the traffic problem in Betws-y-Coed. Park and ride schemes do operate, but, unfortunately, there is hardly any land surrounding Betws-y-Coed to build one on. Because of the limited space, no new car-parks can be built. ...read more.

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