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A Study of Gloucester's CBD.

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Introduction

A Study Gloucester's CBD Gloucester is city in the south west of England, situated on the River Severn. Located 114miles from London and nestled between the Malvern & Cotswold Hills. Above: Map of central Gloucester. The aim of this project was to carry out an urban study, test hypothesis using a range of fieldwork techniques and to work in pairs or small groups. Hypothesis were set before the project began, these were: * The CBD of Gloucester is greater than 1/2 mile in diameter. * The highest pedestrian counts would be in the CBD. * Food services in Gloucester are clustered. * Environmental quality is highest around the outskirts of the CBD. Data Collection Method Relevance to Study Land use Transect * Each pair is to be given a transect extending out from the CBD of Gloucester * Every 30 paces the building must be recorded * Use of buildings, number of storeys & any roads crossed has to be shown. * This was a systematic sample * Helps to determine land use. * Shows where CBD typically ends * Each pair worked out where CBD ended on transect [cut off point], using bid rent theory * This information was collaborated onto a class map, where the CBD was shown & shaded in. ...read more.

Middle

(C-C) The core & frame concept for the CBD [fig. 7] The highest pedestrian counts would be in the CBD This hypothesis was accepted. The pedestrian Isoline [fig.3] helps to show the areas where the highest pedestrian counts were. From this it is possible to see that the areas that were actually most populated with pedestrians, during the five minutes observed, was the northwest corner, on the edge of the CBD. Reasons for this result, after studying a map of this section of the CBD, were that there is a school in this area & being lunchtime all the students would be out. Also the CBD is the centre of commerce, tourists, workers & shoppers would always be in the area. There was a low pedestrian count in the south of the CBD, using evidence from the map, it shows this area is an industrial site; therefore the amount of pedestrians would be limited. Food services in Gloucester are clustered. This hypothesis was accepted. Using the table below and the NNI formula and theory it was proved that the food services in Gloucester had an Rn value of 0.326 which means they were clustered (nucleated). No. of food service Nearest neighbour Distance on map (cm) Actual distance (km) ...read more.

Conclusion

The mark in quality was also personal opinion, making it bias. To improve this method, descriptors for the polar values could be introduced e.g. -2 being 'a neglected, over-grown tip' and +2 being 'a perfectly kept garden'. Food Services The area given to the groups was too large, and also it wasn't classified before what a food service actually was. The nearest neighbour therefore could be inaccurate, with the groups classifying a 'food service' differently. The measuring dots on the nearest neighbour map were too big, and it was difficult to keep the place where the distances between dots were being measured, consistent. Sphere of influence One problem faced, was that people didn't want to answer the questions. This made the chosen systematic sample hard to obtain and had to be changed to random. Extension To extend this study, the land use of the whole area of Gloucester could be studied and then compared to an urban model, to see if it fitted. Also you could use the study to define the type of settlement Gloucester is. Or use Spearman's rank correlation to look at the congestion of cars and air pollution in the city. Or maybe compare certain aspects in the settlements of Gloucester and Bristol e.g. the sphere of influence or the size of the CBD. ...read more.

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