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'Deforestation of the Amazon rainforest is a major global environmental issue, which only the Brazilian government can solve'

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Introduction

'Deforestation of the Amazon rainforest is a major global environmental issue, which only the Brazilian government can solve' I have been asked to write an assignment arguing the hypothesis above. In my assignment I am going to argue both sides of the hypothesis. I will then write my own opinion and conclusion of the hypothesis. Deforestation occurs when people cut down trees and replace that land with cattle ranches and farms in effect reducing the size of the forest. Problems can arise from the different ways in which people want to use their environment. "Amerindians who are native to the Amazon are being forced out of their natural habitat by loggers, miners and settlers. The Amerindian population has dropped 96% and is now just 220,000." In this scenario the problems which are caused can be very serious in that people and animals can end up dying, because of others wanting to use their environment in another way. This source may not be accurate as it is outdated 4 years and things may have changed. ...read more.

Middle

(Christian aid booklet) This source taken from a charity booklet suggests that there are ways to stop the current problems from developing. It is quite reliable because it is from a charity booklet. The date of the source is absent so judging its relevance may be hard. May be open to bias. "Timber companies from Indonesia, South Korea and Malaysia are buying p large parts f the forest west of the Amazon. Friar Hector Turrihi, an Italian missionary, talks tearfully of the destruction: 'rubber tappers and Indians are being driven out to live in shanty towns outside the cities. Today we know we can make more money from conserving the forest than by destroying it.'" (The Guardian - June 1996) This source is likely to be unbiased as it is a newspaper article. It is quite old and the things stated in it may not be true. "Brazil has the largest foreign debt of any developing country in the world - well over $100 billion." (World Development Report 1990) This source indicates that Brazil is trying to get out of debt by selling parts of the rainforest. ...read more.

Conclusion

Yet Manoel Cardaso, an economist from the University of Campinas, points out that in 1995 the government spent $12 billion on rescue operations for private companies and banks. "In Brazil the rich are very rich and very power powerful" says Salgado. "For land distribution to change those with privilege would have to give up some of their wealth and power. They don't want to. Why would they?" (Brazil resource booklet 1997) This source was written in 1997 nearly 6 years ago, degrading its reliability and accuracy. It was made by a reliable author. The facts contained might be slightly exaggerated. This source is unlikely to be biased as it is part of a resource booklet. My own opinion of this matter is that both sides can benefit if they look out for each others needs as much as they look out for their own. Both parties get what they want if the Amazon rainforest benefits from sustainable development. At the present time MNC's are taking advantage of the lack of defence of the Amazonian tribes and local people. So the only thing that can stop the MNC's from taking advantage is the Brazilian government itself. ...read more.

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