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Discuss the contrasting health care approaches in countries at different stages of economic development (LEDC + MEDC)

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Introduction

´╗┐Discuss the contrasting health care approaches in countries at different stages of development. (15) Thomas Healy L6G Healthcare is the general term covering a range of goods and services aimed at promoting good health and dealing with disease. Within countries with well-established healthcare systems, three levels of provision are offered. For example with the USA, an HIC, primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare is provided. Primary healthcare is healthcare that involves services offered within a home or clinic. Secondary is essentially healthcare offered within a hospital, this is more specialised that primary and is often concerned with curing illness rather than preventing it. The tertiary sector is even more specialised surgery, for instance treating cancer or heart surgery. Different countries at different stages of development have varying healthcare approaches. ...read more.

Middle

In Cuba, a socialised system is offered, supported by the state. It is important to note that while Cuba only has a life expectancy rating of one less than the USA; Cuba spends ten times less per person meaning that their healthcare is clearly more effective. In the past 35 years Cuba has tripled it number of healthcare workers, going from one doctor for every 1393 people to 1 doctor for every 159 people. Today Cuba has 130,000 healthcare professionals with a university education, 25,845 of whom are serving as volunteers in international missions across 68 countries. Having successfully applied Castro?s dream of ?a doctor on every block?, Cuba now seeks to export this model through its medical diplomacy initiatives. ...read more.

Conclusion

To conclude it is clear that there are a number of different approaches each healthcare system uses. In the USA there is little government intervention in the application of health with the government accounting for 46% of the total expenditure on health, this figure is almost opposite of Cuba?s who pay for 91% of total healthcare. In the USA facilities are privately and publicly owned; in Cuba, mainly all are publicly owned. Despite these obvious differences, there are some similarities. For instance in both countries, physicians operate as solo entrepreneurs and as members of professional associations, which are strong. They both seek to reduce equality ? for instance Cuba?s increase in government spending in healthcare after the 1990?s economic hardship to reduce the most vulnerable section of society. America?s ?Medicare? and ?Medicaid? provide low cost health care to the poor and elderly. ...read more.

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