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How does tourism affect coasts?

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HOW DOES TOURISM AFFECT COASTS? Coastal areas are very known to all geographers for being classified as ideal erosional and depositional land-features. But, they are also very known to attract tourists. Coasts in England still to this day retain a special atmosphere; very much akin to the continental coasts which are bestowed with great beauty. No doubt tourism affects coasts in adverse and beneficial ways. Many people spend their annual holidays at the seaside. Coasts are fascinating places because of their wild life, scenery and opportunities for water sports, such as boating, fishing, swimming, water skiing and wind surfing. Yet coastal resorts hardly existed before the seventeenth century. However, as travelling became easier in the nineteenth century, more people came to regard coasts as places of pleasure. Most visitors were wealthy and they wanted comfortable places with fine hotels and other services. Gradually, resorts sprang up and many coastal people found work in the growing tourist industry. After the Second World War (1939- 1945) as you know increased Annual Holidays and rising income caused a new development -more and more people living in cool, rainy countries chose to spend their holidays abroad, where the summers were always tropical and hot, unlike the unpredictable English summers. ...read more.


But it's a place of contrasts too... The casual daytime delights of sun - worship or visiting the numerous attractions give way naturally to evenings filled with entertainment ~ to the theatres and their famous shows, to the night-clubs, discotheques and casino, to the restaurants and hotels each offering their own speciality and to the lights illuminating the promenade and reflecting across one of Europe's most beautiful bays. And Torquay is no place to bask in former glory. New developments are making it a place with a future. There are new shopping facilities and restaurants like the elegant Pavilion convened from an Edwardian theatre and overlooking Torquay's international yacht marina, and the stylish Fleet Walk Shopping Centre with the finest of clothes shops, its winter garden and an entertainment programme that maintains that special continental feeling all the year round. The new Hollywood Bowl brings a taste of America to Torquay's harbour side with the very latest technology in ten-pin bowling appealing to young and old alike. While the English Riviera Centre invites you to sample its leisure pool, complete with flume ride, spa pool and wave-making machine or its programme of top line entertainment. ...read more.


People take holidays, when the foreign exchange rates are advantageous to us, which duly makes certain overseas holidays cheaper. Also there is the desire to experience other cultures (Long-haul holidays). The most important factor why people travel abroad is the unpredictability and unreliable British weather and the desire to find hot, dry, sunny places. Meanwhile in Britain tourists can affect our coasts diversely. They can create jobs in the tourism industry, give the town a more prestigious name and liven up the atmosphere. On the other hand, seasonal workers come to the town and are a nightmare to the authorities. For come winter, they will be unemployed and on the government benefits. Elderly people also come to the coastal towns for the climate is more suited to them; there is less air pollution and less noise unlike the hustle and bustle of the cities. Tourists and elderly people also attract a more sinister minority. Crime is a menace wherever you go but in the seaside towns like Eastbourne and Bournemouth crime rates highly. Also another factor to consider is overcrowding. Traffic Congestion results so truly speaking the councils will have a hard task containing these dilemmas. In essence, coasts cannot survive without tourists and tourists cannot survive without coasts, wherever you are in the world! ! ! ...read more.

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