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Rhine Flooding Case Study

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Rhine Flooding Case Study Abhijeet Thakor 10AM Introduction: - The River Rhine is one of Europe's largest and most used waterways. The source of this great river can be found in the Swiss Alps, where it stretches 1,320km until it flows out into the Dutch North Sea. The Rhine has a long history of intense flooding and recent devastating floods in the 1990's have caused considerable damage and are well remembered by the local population. Causes: - The causes of these forceful floods can be traced back to a number of different things including human factors such as deforestation, the greenhouse effect (this is show by the facts stating the 1?C temperature rise in southern Germany and the winter precipitation in the Rhine catchment increasing by 40%) and the straightening of the Rhine for commercial purposes. Humans currently use 80% of the former floodplains. ...read more.


When there is such a great flood as the 1995 flood of the Rhine there will be many devastating consequences. In the Netherlands many of the polders, which are low laying areas enclosed by protective embankments called dykes, were flooded, four people died, some roads became impassable, much emergency reinforcement work had to carried out on the dykes which where made from sand and clay which was saturated making them more prone to collapse, 250,000 people where evacuated, police and soldiers had to guarded the empty houses from looters, many homes where flooded, greenhouse where flooded and lost along with stocks of flowers, fruit and vegetables, 1,000,000,000 cattle were evacuated which led to some being infected with foot rot and reduced milk yields because of the disturbance, waterways were closed to ships for two weeks thus leading to many oil and dry bulk barges being stranded and finally millions of pounds where lost to pay for all this flood damage caused. ...read more.


contour ploughing and increasing the area of parks and gardens in urban areas. Other percussions can be taken such as limiting the residential development in areas, which are likely to flood, many lives can be saved and the damage costs can be reduced, new early warning systems should improve confidence and response but only if its predictions are accurate and the warnings are communicated effectively. The Action Plan on Flood Defence was signed by the ministers of the Rhine at Rotterdam in 1998. This commits � 12 billion over the next twenty years to reduce the frequency and severity of floods in the lower reaches of the Rhine. Future: - Although flooding is an inevitable part of nature and will never be unavoidable, but greater steps are being taken in order for the consequences of flooding to be less devastating. These include research into better and new forms of flood protection and creating better awareness with the public so they know what to do during a flood and how to reduce home damage. ...read more.

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