• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What would be the effects of a large-scale business expansion in the area where you live?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What would be the effects of a large-scale business expansion in the area where you live? BAA is proposing to build a gigantic new terminal near Heathrow, which will be called Terminal 5. This would be the biggest structure ever built on Green Belt land. It will involve a huge amount of building work and adding to the already huge Heathrow airport. This has caused mixed feelings amongst environmentalist groups, local residents and other stakeholders. The New Terminal 5 would cause negative externalities e.g. major increase in traffic, congestion, noise, air pollution, health risks and danger. But also positive externalities e.g. more tourism, more jobs created, more flights means less of a weight for a flight and will be a boost for the local economy. There will be many stakeholders involved in the expansion of the airport. Stakeholders are the people who have an interest in the business or are affected by business. The Airport Authority will benefit from terminal 5 because of economies of scale. ...read more.

Middle

This will have a big impact on the local economy. The workers in the area will be a positive externality as Heathrow brings many jobs for local people. It is one of the UK's largest employers, with an estimated 68,000 people employed directly at the airport. In total 108,000 jobs are provided for the local area dependent upon the airport. Indirect and induced employment is believed to add further employment of around 245,000 across the UK. Terminal 5 will generate or safeguard around 16,500 jobs plus create some 6,000-construction jobs. There will also be greater traffic congestion with more people trying to get to the airport so they will have to build more roads to spread out the congestion. This would have a negative affect on the local community and will also take up more Green Belt land. Workers in the area will benefit from the expansion, as there will be a huge amount of jobs on offer in construction, retailing and other areas. ...read more.

Conclusion

Throughout this investigation I have found that there are a lot of negative and positive externalities. If Terminal 5 is built it will have a huge impact on the local economy and a lot more money will be brought into the country. This is a good thing that people will benefit from when the terminal is built they are now supporting the development. The Friends Of the Earth Group thinks that this expansion could end up spiraling out of control, as an extra terminal would force an extra runway, which would mean more expansion. The greater demand for flights will make greater traffic congestion, which will force the M25 to be widened and maybe even force the government to build a new motorway. This could be the destruction of the green belt land and have too many negative environmental factors. I personally think that the positive externalities do outweigh the negative and the local residents who live near Heathrow knew when they moved there that it was right by the airport and so they should be supportive of the plans to expand. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. Geography Fieldwork - The effects of Tourism in Keswick

    Pedestrian Count A Pedestrian count was conducted on 9th of May 2007 at 1:30PM. This was carried out in order to get an idea of the areas that have large amounts of pedestrians and notice any occurring patterns. Firstly we split Keswick up into 8 sections where we generated three

  2. Tourism In Windsor

    a lot narrower in Windsor, than in London and we saw many swans. We visited Peascod Street and the Guildhall. We also visited the crooked house near the extremely small Queens Charlotte Street. Nearby, was Nell Gwynne's House, where Shakespeare wrote one of his famous plays "Merry Wives of Windsor".

  1. To what extend has the Congestion Charge in London been successful?

    quarter of retailers, some 26.7 per cent, said that they were considering relocating outside the zone. This figure is worthy of further work, as it could hide an even higher number of those who wish to move but cannot for a variety of other reasons.

  2. Investigate the attractions of Dawlish and the effects that tourism has on the town.

    Within easy walking distance of the town of Dawlish. This is why Coryton Cove got a beach award for 2003. WATER QUALITY RESULTS FOR SUMMER 2003: SAMPLE DATE BEACH RESULT 01/06/03 Dawlish Warren Excellent 01/06/03 Dawlish Town Excellent 01/03/06 Coryton Cove Excellent www.teignbridge.gov.uk Teignbridge city council does a lot to

  1. Enquiry: Investigation into Retail.

    Therefore, we found most people where there are major chain stores proving this part of the hypothesis to be correct. The highest land values correspond with the location of the major chain stores. On this page and the next page, there are three properties available to rent.

  2. Stratford london 2012 - an area under change. Scope for green development.

    Next to the building there are old garages, by looking at the chipping doors and wood. I reckon they were built in the 60s or 70s. Holden Point uses meters on each dwelling to measure how much electricity they use. Thirdly, Water lane Road was the last place I visited.

  1. Effects of the local Tesco Superstore

    Chocolate-Milky bar 150g �0.94 ------------ Cereal-Weetabix 24 pk �1.78 �1.99 Own-Branded Tesco Coop Bread-Medium �0.37 �0.69 Milk 1L �0.08 �0.88 Rice 500g �0.95 �1.89 Chocolate 150g �0.28 ------------ Cereal 24 pk �0.86 �1.05 Here is a price comparison which I carried out.

  2. Is the expansion of Tesco going to affect local buisnesses

    I think I am going to try and get peoples opinion about the expansion of Tesco, but when I went down to Tesco's to do random surveys no one was willing to do them. So I asked simple yes or no questions and I got some results.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work