• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cultural differences in child

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Cultural differences in child development expectations. IRATXE QUINTANA ED 209 Assignment 1 Personal indentifier OU684076 Region 08 ABSTRACT A small research has been carried in order to find out how different cultural backgrounds can influence a child's developmental expectations in adults and the consequences of these expectations. The design of the method was a replication of Hess et al., 1980, study, applied into two mothers with early age daughters, coming from two different cultural backgrounds, English and Spanish. They answered at what age they thought different statements about child development would be reached by their children and being these statements about grouped into 6 main developmental areas the averages were calculated and compared. The results showed an earlier expectation of achievement in all areas of development, except for independence, in the English participant and a complete opposite position of the Spanish participant expecting a late development of the child in general. This might be due to the demand, in the first, of a highly advance society, and the influence in the second of religious and moral values. INTRODUCTION Relationships between culture and knowledge development have a peculiar character. Societies provide to their members with different types of experience that affects and conditionate their knowledge. ...read more.

Middle

During the interview both participants thought that their views were typical inside their own cultures. The first participant said that what most influenced her expectations was her own family background and social context and her own education. The second participant said to be influenced by her own instincts and values inculcated by a religious education in Spain. RESULTS Score responses for each statement were as follows: Before four years old ____ score 3 Four or five years old ____ score 2 Six years or older _______ score 1 And averages were calculated for each of the six areas (refer to the summary data sheet).These are the results compared to the American and Japanese mothers from Hess et al. study and the UK mothers from the OU sample. Table A : The developmental goals of four samples of adults. Japanese US OU UK Participant Participant mothers* mothers* mothers* A B Emotional 2.49 2.08 1.84 3 1.50 maturity Compliance 2.24 2.04 2.18 2.75 1.70 Politeness 2.49 2.30 2.61 3 1.50 Independence 2.13 1.92 1.73 1.50 1.37 Social skills 1.87 2.18 2.08 2.83 1.66 Verbal 1.73 2.18 2.17 2 1.40 assertiveness Note: Averages range between 1 and 3, with a higher score indicating a younger age at which children are expected to reach the various developmental goals. ...read more.

Conclusion

Skinner in the theory inside behaviourism, which stresses the role on environment in development. While this participant gives more relevance in development to external stimulus ( behaviourism ) the English participant shows an importance of her baby's own innate capacities interacting with the social world ( social constructivism ). As Whiting and Whiting claimed " in every culture there are customary ideas and expectations about the nature, capacities and proper behaviour of children ( Whiting and Whiting, 1975 ) and this is shown in the example of these two individuals' expectations from different cultural backgrounds. However the difficulty of this study sets in the problem that being just individual people and not samples of them, it is hard to relate the differences to just culture since they are also influenced by different personalities, personal situations, own experiences, ages and family backgrounds which affect at the time to explain behaviour and expectations. For further investigation it would be interesting to observe the expectations of a Spanish individual coming from a non-religious family background. CONCLUSION The influence of an English cultural context shows a concern for early achievement of developmental goals due to a competitive and technologically demanding society while the Spanish culture influence expects a late achievement of development influenced by its priorities of catholic religious beliefs. This might develop into an earlier reach of maturity for English children into the adult world. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Child Development - Child Study

    4 star(s)

    Phosphorus Phosphorus is needed in all cells. It helps build strong bones and helps to get energy from fat, proteins and carbohydrates. Phosphorus is best found in lean meat, fish, poultry, and low-fat dairy products. Minerals are found in many foods, Meat, fish, vegetables, cereals, bread, dairy products, pasta, noodles, nuts and seeds and many more.

  2. "The senses are points of contact with the environment." How does activity with sensorial ...

    The child can also use his creativity to make a maze from this rod. But, if the child uses the rods for playing, for example treat the rods as a sword, it is not allowed. How Sensorial Materials Aid the Child's Development in Different Areas.

  1. Child development - Study of a child

    Discovery Play This type of play enables a child to find out about things: what are they like - their shape, size, texture, colour; how they are made; what she/he can do with them. The child will also discover that they can be broken, and this can help to teach him/her to take care of their possessions.

  2. For my child development study I am going to observe how a child shows ...

    and she counted to five and then put her leg back down on the ground. Although her confidence was weakened when I asked her to hop and she wasn't able to do it. Hilary was unable to skip or climb, but she is encouraged by her dad who takes her

  1. Character Formation.

    This image is the main reflection of her memory. In paragraph one the garden is described rather negatively: "hard, bird-bitten fruit", "a struggling sapling" and "patchy lawn". This contrasts with the description of the clothesline as "standing proud" and "the best climbing tree on the lawn."

  2. Discuss the nature-nurture debate in relation to individual development.

    Teenager?s emotions are all over the place as they begin puberty as their bodies are adjusting to the change. Teenagers are more likely to have arguments with friends and family due to the hormone changes. An example of nature in emotional development A normally happy teenager has found herself feeling

  1. Child development study - I will compare my visits and look at Aroushs development ...

    I have found out that Aroush has an easel, which she likes to use, so I might paint with aroush using the easel. From this activity I will be able to look at Aroush?s gross and fine motor skills. Before letting Aroush paint, I will need to think about health and safety: 1.

  2. Development through the life stages

    The mothers may have two jobs, one being a job outside of the home, and the other being inside the home that when they come home from work they will be looking after their children, by making them food, putting them in the bath, helping them with homework also.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work