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Identify factors that could affect the individuals self concept, and explain how these might affect them (P3) and (M3)

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Identify factors that could affect the individuals self - concept, and explain how these might affect them (P3) and (M3) Self-concept means our knowledge of who we are. Our self-concept includes: * Self-esteem - how highly we value our skills and abilities * Self-image- how we see ourselves given the reactions of other people Self-concept is important for the following reasons: * Our view of ourselves can motivate us to do things, or stop us from doing things, e.g. doing well at school or at sport. * Our view of ourselves can create a feeling of social confidence or cause us to feel anxious with other people. * Our view of ourselves can mean that we experience happiness or unhappiness from life experiences. * Our view of ourselves can help us lead a successful and enjoyable life, or it can lead us into trouble and difficulties in coping with life. There are many factors that could affect an individual's self-concept. These are; * Age - age makes a very big difference to the way children can describe themselves and the way adults think about their lives, because self-concept develops due to social influences. Your self-concept will grow and change as you grow older. ...read more.


When it comes to self-concept, women are likely to think differently from men. Career success, work and making money are standards which more men judge themselves against than women. More women than men see a successful life in terms of good relationships. * Culture and socialisation - The family and the local area or community where you grew up may have different beliefs and expectations from many other families and areas. Different people have different customs and ways of thinking, including the following: o Different beliefs about food, e.g. Muslim and Jewish people do not eat pork, most Hindus do not eat beef and Buddhists are vegetarian. o Different beliefs about education, e.g. some neighbourhoods and families think educational achievement is very important, where as others do not. o Different beliefs about behaviour, e.g. some families emphasise the importance of keeping appointments, never being late and being organized for work. o Different beliefs about marriage and gender roles, e.g. different religions and communities have different beliefs about sex and marriage. Our culture can influence how we understand ourselves, because different cultures create different ideas about what is normal and right to do. Your self-esteem will be influenced by cultural beliefs about what is right and wrong. ...read more.


Poor physical health or mental health problems will affect a person's self-concept. * Abuse - the word 'abuse' covers a wide range of behaviour. Abuse can be criminal acts of violence or acts of neglect. Children can be subjected to abuse within their family or through bullying at school. Vulnerable adults, such as people with a learning difficulty or older people, may be subjected to abuse by family members or by care workers. Forms of abuse * Physical abuse - hitting, pushing, restraining or causing pain or distress by physical actions. * Sexual abuse - sexually exploiting or humiliating others. * Emotional abuse - bullying, blaming, threatening and damaging others' feelings of self-worth and self-esteem (sometimes called psychological abuse). * Financial abuse - taking others' property or money, theft and exploitation of others' resources. * Neglect - not giving food or physical care, not giving attention. The effects of abuse Abuse will result in harm to an individual. The effects of abuse will vary from person to person, but some general medium- and long-term effects are listed below. Abuse can cause: * A lack of social confidence * Copying the abusive behavior * A negative self-concept * Withdrawal from other people * Attention seeking * Mental ill-health * Increased dependency * Self-destructiveness and self-harming * A loss of self-esteem ?? ?? ?? ?? Unit 6 - Human Lifespan Development 5 ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

This is a good essay that describes a wide range of factors that can affect self-concept. However, the writer fails to actually discuss and explain how they impact and effect self-concept - which the essay title suggests.

The work could be enhanced by developing these explanations and also looking at some theoretical ideas to back up what they have written.


Marked by teacher Sam Morran 22/05/2013

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