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Play and Learning.

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Introduction

Play and Learning. Play and learning can be broken down in to many different areas. The three I am going to discuss are imaginative play, physical play and creative play. Imaginative play Imaginative play usually takes place after the age of two. Children at this age can start to relate to things they have done e.g. if they have been on a bus, things they have seen e.g. a elephant at a zoo, or things they have experienced such as a visit to the doctors and they then incorporate these into their play. During this type of play children sometimes use props to aid their play. This type of play can be described as symbolic play. These props are used to symbolise something different to what the object actually represents, for example a child using a chair and pretending it's a cave, or that a bed is a pirate ship. Children can turn any object into anything they want by using their imagination to further their play. When on placement child A who is 19 months old was playing with a pram, but when asked what he was doing he told the early years worker he was doing the hovering. He was imagining that the pram was in fact a vacuum cleaner. ...read more.

Middle

The children first start by playing with their own feet and to start to pick things up as they get a little older, at about 9 months coordination can be developed by introducing swings in to the child's play. Once the child is able to sit up without aid then riding toys can be introduced to help the child to be more mobile and move about more this is usually at the age of around 12 months. Balance is the next factor to be introduced at round about 18 months this helps the child to develop more balance. This is around the same age that the children start to use slides and trying to climb things. Outdoor play can include skipping, running and hopscotch. Indoor play can include dancing, gymnastics and running games. Physical play often includes the use of equipment or apparatus. For outdoor play there are climbing frames, swings, slides and see-saws and for indoor play you can get things such as trampolines, bats and balls, wall bars and ropes. Using a climbing frame can help a child's development in many ways. It helps a child's fine motor skills as the child needs to grip the bars on the climbing frame using their hands, feet and fingers or else they will fall off. ...read more.

Conclusion

This activity can be done at any age and can be altered to suite the level of the child. Gather a group of materials that are textured and get the children to feel and handle them, then rub them on different parts of the body. For older children get them to describe how the material feels and would it be good in different setting for example bubble wrap for carpet. This improves the child's sense of touch and it also for the older children improves their intellectual skills and cognitive skills as they will have to think about the material and discuss it with the group. Action songs are a good way to get children to be creative, ask them to dance to the song and do the actions for songs like 5 little ducks or pat a cake pat a cake. This will improve the children's communication skills and also their listening and concentration skills as they will have to listen to the song and be aware of which action to do at which part of the song. Reference page Baldwin D (1996). Examining child development. Oxford, Heineman. Bardige B, (2006). All about child care and early education. Boston, Pearsons. Constable G, (2006). Developing your childs potential. USA, Time life books. Green S, (2006), BTEC Early years. Cheltenham, Nelson Thornes Lindon J,T, (1994), Caring for young children. London, Macmillan ?? ?? ?? ?? Paula Bone A0200339 Play and Learning Task 1 Kay Bede - 1 - ...read more.

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