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Understanding physiological disorders - diabetes and asthma

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´╗┐Felicia hills Introduction In this assessment am going to be explain the nature of two named physiological disorders and the signs and symptoms related to two named physiological disorders. The two diseases I choose was type two diabetes and asthma. I will be looking at the nature of the disorder/ what the disease does to the body, the psychological effects of the disorder (if any)] and Signs and symptoms P1: Explain the nature if two named physiological disorders. P2: Explain the sign and symptoms related to two named physiological orders. P3: Describe the investigations that are carried out to enable the diagnosis of these physiological disorders P4: Plan a care pathway for each physiological disorder including role or relevant practitioners Diabetes IDD (Insulin-dependent diabetes) This type usually occurs after age 40 or in people who are overweight. Insulin is still produced by the pancreas but the body becomes resistant to it and needs more. But this type can be treated by drugs and having a healthy diet but for some people there need insulin. It is this type of diabetes that is increasing alarmingly, this is starting to occur in children Nature of the disorder/ what the disease does to the body Up to 40% of diabetics develop serious kidney trouble in their lifetime. Taking things in the order that they occur An increased GFR (glomerular filtration rate) ...read more.


The tests of diagnosis of diabetes are classified into three main categories:- Urine Tests Blood Tests Glucose Tolerance Tests Urine and blood tests There are several tests to diagnose diabetes. Some of the tests can be carried out at the household level, while there are some special ones that are carried out only in clinics. Whatever be the case, the diagnostic tests of diabetes are quite efficient in finding out the onset of the disease. The tests of diagnosis of diabetes are classified into three main categories:- Urine Tests Blood Tests Glucose Tolerance Tests Your urine sample will be tested to see if it contains glucose. Normally, urine does not contain glucose, but if your blood glucose level is high, some glucose can overflow through your kidneys and into your urine. If your urine contains glucose, you will have a blood test to confirm the diagnosis of diabetes. A sample of your blood will be taken in the morning before you have had anything to eat and will be tested to measure your blood glucose levels. Asthma Asthma is a common disease - it affects about five million people in the UK. Asthma often starts in childhood, but it can happen for the first time at any age ? even in people in their 70s or 80s. Asthma affects the airways ? the tubes carrying air in and out of the lungs. ...read more.


Your GP will want to know if you have been taking any medicines, what your occupation is, whether you smoke or are exposed to passive smoking, and details about your work and home environment. This could help identify the possible triggers of your asthma. If your GP suspects you may have asthma, a number of tests can be carried out to confirm the diagnosis. Theses are all the possible tests that are carried out Spirometry- To assess how well your lungs work, a breathing test called spirometry is carried out. You will be asked to breathe into a machine called a spirometer. Peak expiratory- flow rate test- A small hand-held device known as a peak flow meter can be used to measure how fast you can blow air out of your lungs in one breath. This is your peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), and the test is usually called a peak flow test. Airway responsiveness tests- This test is used to see how your airways react when they come into contact with a trigger. You will be asked to Plan a care pathway for each physiological disorder including role or relevant practitioners: Primary care is provided at the first stage of treatment when you are ill - by family doctors, pharmacists, optometrists and ophthalmic medical practitioners, together with district nurses and health visitors. Common chronic illnesses treated in primary care are diabetes http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Diabetes-type2/Pages/Causes.aspx nhs choice http://www.diabetes.org.uk/ diabetes uk By Kabba Kamara - - ...read more.

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