• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

An Outline of the Vietnam War

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Vietnam Essay When Vietnam became involved in a Guerilla War against France in 1946, the USA gave the French over $1 billion over the course of the 8 year war to aid them and to stop it's fear of the 'Domino Theory' becoming a reality. However, despite the financial support, the Vietnam won. The peace talks for this war were held in Geneva. These resulted in the country being split along the 17th parellel. The North was a communist republic controlled by Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Minh (a resistance group established in the 19th century to protect Vietnam against foreign attack) and the South was a capitalist republic lead by President Diem who was being backed by the USA. It was planned that after 2 years an election would be held to unite the country however due to Diem's harsh rule, many of the South Vietnamese supported Minh; this meant that the elections would turn Vietnam communist in 1957. This worried the USA who then forbid the South Vietnamese people to take part in the vote. ...read more.


However the Vietminh proved to hold their own against the violent attacks so to stop people communicating with them, 40% of the population was placed in Strategic Hamlets; US controlled areas surrounded by barbed wire but still the US were getting nowhere. in March 1968, a unit of US soldiers in search of the Vietcong, shot and murdered over 300 civilians in attack they thought to be on the guerillas in what was known as 'The Massacre at My Lai'. The US population soon caught wind of this and it soon became clear that the Vietnam war was going very wrong. Although it had no aircraft, tanks or artillery, the Vietcong were winning in the fight against America. They had previous experience of fighting a guerilla war against France and they were very familiar with the land, both of which they used to their advantage. To avoid detection, they did not wear a uniform but mingled with the peasants or hid in the jungle. When China and Russia began providing Vietnam with weapons, the North Vietnamese brought them through the jungle by foot or on bicycle at night this is because they were virtually undetectable through the thick greenage. ...read more.


In order to achieve 'Peace with Honour', Nixon's foreign affairs minister, Dr. Kissinger held secret talks with the North Vietnamese and an armstice was signed in Paris in January 1973. The remainder of the US troops went home and thousands of South Vietnamese went with them. For the US the whole war was a disaster; the Domino Theory had happened with Vietnam , Laos and Cambodia falling into communism; 58000 soldiers died, 300000 were injured and 7000 suffered psychological effects; the war had cost America a staggering total of $120 billion and the US population had a strong anti-war feeling due to the widespread media images showing horrific images of the effects of nalpalm and the high death rate. For Vietnam the consequences were equally as bad; although the country had become united under comunism in 1976, the jungle and tropical rainforests had been reduced to scrubland, destroyed from the war; the economy was destroyed, a country that was once a major rice exporter now could not even feed its own people and it began relying on Russia heavily after its Chinese invasion in 1979. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Vietnam 1954-1975 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Vietnam 1954-1975 essays

  1. North Vietnamese (NVA) and the National Liberation Front (NLF) tactics during the Vietnam War

    However the Vietnamese could strike easily at the overhead aircraft, using concealed Anti-Aircraft (AA) batteries to easily bring down the US fighters and bombers. The jungle also prevented the US from effectively deploying some of its other decisive military edges, the use of its advanced heavy weaponry such as tanks

  2. The Vietnam War.

    Their emperor, Bao Dai, asked the U.S. for money to help out the war. On September 30, 1953, President Eisenhower approves 785 million dollars for military aid to Bao Dai's regime.(Leone 37) In 1954, a gathering was held in Switzerland known as the Geneva Accord. During the accord, Vietnam was temporarily divided at the seventeenth parallel, giving

  1. Why are there different views about the influence of media on the course of ...

    I.E causing the USA to pull out. I must also consider the time factor and other such factors stated at the beginning of the essay as I can see that this paper was published in 1982 when the war ended in 1973. Consequently this shows that the process is limited as there are no statistics giving indication of their research that they supposedly carried out.

  2. I think that the four most significant themes in the Vietnam War were protest ...

    short term and the long term ? this was because both opponents were using tactics that had in some cases never been seen before, and rightly so never seen again. In one way the Vietcong had an immediate advantage over the Americans as they were fighting on territory they knew

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work