• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Begining of the Cold War - Marshall Aid and the importance of Berlin.

Extracts from this document...


Marshall Aid Truman believed that communism succeeded when people faced poverty and hardship. He sent the American General General George Marshall to assess the economic state of Europe.What he found was a ruined economy. Marshall suggested that about $17 billion would be needed to rebuilt Europe's prosperity. American refused it. On one hand, Marshall Aid was an extremely generous act by the American people. On the other hand, it was also motivated by American self-interest. They wanted to create new markets for American goods. The Americans remembered de Depressio and Truman wanted to do all he could to prevent another worldwide slump. Stalin viwed Marshakk Aid with suspicion. ...read more.


Stalin felt that the USA's handling of western Germany was provocative. He felt that he could stamp his authority on Berlin. It was deep in the Soviet zone and was linked to the western zones of Germany by vitals roads,railway and canals. Stalin believed that this would force the Allies out of Berlin and make Berlin entirely dependent on the USSR. Truman wanted to show that he was serious about his policy of containment. He wanted Berlin to be a symbol of freedom behind the Iron Courtain. The only way into Berlin was by air. So the Allies decided to air- lift supplies. As the first planes took off from their bases in west Germany, everyone feared that the Soviets would shoot them down, which would been an act of war. ...read more.


Throught that time Berlin would remain a powerful symbol of Cold War tensions- from the American point of view, an oasis of democratic freedom in the middle of Communist repression, from the Soviet point of view, an invasive cancer growing in the workers' paradise of East Germany. Berlin it was also a potential flashpoint. A pattern fot the Cold War Berlin Blockade set out a pattern for Cold War confrontations. On one hand, the two superpowers and their allies had shown how suspicious they were of each other, how they would obstruct each other in almost any way yhey could. On the other hand, each had shown that it was not willing to go to war with the other. The Berlin Blockade established a sort of tense balance between the superpowers that was to characterise much of the Cold War period. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did the Cold War End?

    Many changes occurred in Hungary as there were younger people taking control of the political parties who were more open-minded and didn't like to use power and violence. Soon the Hungarian Communist Party changed its name to European Social Democrats.

  2. The origin of the Cold War and the partition of Germany

    Truman believed that the West had been too soft with the Soviet Union at the end of the War and was determined to put that right. He was heavily influenced by the writings of George C. Marshall, Truman's Secretary of State.

  1. Discuss the reasons why Germany was central to Cold War rivalry between 1945 and ...

    and even murder of KPD members, the result was that 82% of SPD members were opposed to the union. Stalin had also managed to close down the polling stations in Russian controlled East Berlin. The traditionalists see this as a clear sign that Stalin was tightening his grip over the

  2. A review of Yocandra in the Paradise of Nada

    Che Guevara blessed Patria's mother when he symbolically spread the Cuban flag across her swollen belly. When Patria grew a little older, her family and her moved into a new, bigger house in the nicer part of Cuba, the Vedado and out of the "hellhole" known as Central Cuba.

  1. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    Stalin forced members of Comecon to boycott Marshall Aid. This worsened relations. Another reason was because of the Berlin Blockade in 1948. Stalin wanted West Berlin dependant on the USSR so he cut off all canal, road and rail links from West Berlin to West Germany.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    * Western wanted a democratic united country & prepared the way for this, wheras Soviets did the same for a communist country. * Western powers relied on free access through Soviet Zone of Germany to reach West Berlin. Relied on road and rail links with West Germany to keep supplies.

  1. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    By 1953 the USA had provided $17 billion to help them rebuild their economies and raise their standard of living. US machinery helped European factories to recover from the effects of the Second World War.

  2. The Importance of East Germany in the Cold War

    The West grouped together in the NATO whereas the East grouped together as part of the Warsaw Pact. By 1951 Europe was divided into two superpower blocs, one led by America and one led by the Soviets. A 'cold war' subsequently followed which spread globally, leading to historically, significant events such as the Berlin Blockade and the Berlin Airlift.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work