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British Government decide to evacuate children

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Introduction

Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War? Own knowledge -There were various different reasons why the British Government evacuated children from Britain's major cities during the early years of WWII such as the major factor of morale and fear of losing generations. I will discuss the factors, which answer "Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War?" -Firstly I will explain what evacuation was who was evacuated. The members of the public that were evacuated by the British were those who were disabled in some way for instance blind persons as well as mothers with their young children up to the age 5. The main section of the public that were evacuated were expectant mothers and schoolchildren with their teachers. -Schoolchildren assembled at their schools when told to do so and travelled together with their teachers by train. ...read more.

Middle

In early 1939, the reception areas compiled lists of available housing. 4.8 million places were found for people was found, and the government also constructed camps for a few thousand additional spaces just in case demand was extremely high. In the early summer of 1939, the government began publicising its plan through the local authorities. They had horrendously overestimated demand; only half of all school-aged children were moved from the urban areas instead of the expected 80%. There was enormous regional variation; towns in Yorkshire moved less than 15% of their children, while over 60% of children were evacuated in Manchester and Liverpool . -One of the main reasons for the evacuation was the bombing of the Spanish City of Guernica by Germans in the Spanish Civil War in 1917 where the Germans tried to stop the spread of communism. After this event, Europe, and in particular Britain, witnessed the devastating power that the Germans had, and the effect of which they could bomb cities and the extremely effective tactic devised by the Germans, Blitzkrieg (lightning war). ...read more.

Conclusion

With men being replaced by women in the industries, there was no excuse for men to stay behind and work instead of fighting for their country at war. In the long term, evacuation was in place to ensure maximum contribution to the war effort from different groups of people within British society, reasoning why children were evacuated. -In conclusion, Morale was the most important factor in the decision that the British government made to evacuate the children from Britain's major cities to the rural areas. Morale is one of the most needed things in wars and so without it the British people would want to be out of the war if their children were dying. With parents knowing that their children were safe they could continue to work towards helping in the war be it by making ammunition or fighting in the front line. But if it was not for the working women who knew that their children were safer away from the major cities, Britain could not continue its war effort or at least sustain a high level of effort. ...read more.

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