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By The Beginning Of 1929, The Prospects For The Survival Of The Weimar Republic Looked Good

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Introduction

By The Beginning Of 1929, The Prospects For The Survival Of The Weimar Republic Looked Good Between 1918, and the end of 1923, the Weimar Republic was struggling. Support from the public was low, Germany was experiencing hyperinflation, and the Ruhr had been invaded by French and Belgian troops. By the end of 1923, Germany still had a large reparations sum to pay, and international relations, especially with France were poor. Gustav Stresemann, chancellor of Germany between August 1923 and November 1923, and foreign minister, from up November 1923 until his death in 1929, was seen to have changed Germany's, and Weimar's fortunes. Between 1924 and 1929, Germany was thriving, a complete turn around from the difficult years of 1918 to 1923. At the time, it was widely regarded that the increase in fortunes was due to Gustav Stresemann. This was because he did much to improve international relations, in 1924, he negotiated the Dawes Plan. This gave loans to Germany from America, so Germany had resources to start rebuilding their economy. It also showed that Germany were willing to co-operate with the West, and accept the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. ...read more.

Middle

People now enjoyed listening to jazz music and other trends came over from America. However, although everything seemed well between 1924 and 1929, this view was slightly false. Stresemann was hailed as a hero in Germany, but his actual motives were unclear. His background shows that he was a nationalist, and it may have been the case that he turned to the Weimar Republic to initially gain respect, then try and gain concessions for Germany. Similar to before 1924, the governments in power were always coalition governments, and between August 1923 and June 1928, there were seven different governments in power. This showed that the parties often disagreed, even Stresemann's government only lasted five months, and governments could be brought down on fairly minor issues. This showed that the Weimar system was not perfect and a government was never settled in power. Although Weimar was doing better between 1924 and 1929, it still had its opposition. Weimar was still blamed by some people for the Treaty of Versailles, and that in the Dawes Plan and Locarno Pact, they were accepting the terms, produced more opposition, especially from the conservatives. ...read more.

Conclusion

People were enjoying greater freedom, and German industries were doing well. Therefore, it appeared that the prospects for the future were good, as there was little reason for people to expect the good times not to continue. However, the fact that by the end of 1929, Germany was once again plunged into depression, and Weimar faced fierce opposition from extremist governments, showed that the high period could very quickly turn into a low period. This means that the prospects for the future in truth, were not good, although people at the time believed them to be good. The main problem was that German relied too much on America's loans, and when the Wall Street Crash happened in 1929, America recalled all their loans, and there was nothing that Germany could do to stop themselves plunging into another depression, similar to the one in 1923, only this time, the Nazis took over power, and turned Germany away from democracy and towards fascism. This shows Germany's weakness in their apparently thriving economy, and shows that although in the beginning of 1929, the prospects did seem to be good for the future. However, in reality, they relied too much on Stresemann, and help from other countries, without which, the Weimar Republic would struggle, and collapse. Ian Brealey 12Ms 12.1.01 ...read more.

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