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Civil Rights In The USA.

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Introduction

Civil Rights In The USA 1. Given the information I have received from Source A I can see that mass racism and prejudice took place at Little Rock in September 1957. We can also gather that her involvement with the school would of been greeted with negative responses. This wasn't the first time Elizabeth Eckford tried to enrol into Little Rock, 20 days prior to her first day she was stopped by the national guard from entering the school. This Source has a huge significance because it's written by someone who experienced more racism more than anyone now could probably experience in a lifetime, Eckford was even taunted with threats of lynching. Not only did she go through harsh racism but it was concentrated more due to her being one of 9 black students in a predominantly white High School. The writer of this Source is also the main focal point of one of the most famous pictures in modern history, Elizabeth Eckford will best be remembered as the scared and timid black school girl surrounded by angry white parents and students on her first day to the school. The source teaches us that the integration of American schools was fiercely opposed by many white people of middle America. It was so opposed that President Kennedy had to send in the military to stop the black students from getting abused or even badly hurt at the hands of the white students. This wasn't the only case where militants had to be sent in to restore order in a white college rebellion against a black student. On Sunday September 30th Federal Marshals had to be sent in to protect one black student for over a year. White Americans would go to desperate measures to let black students know that they were not wanted in white school and would taunt the black students into retaliating to their taunts and getting themselves expelled as a result. ...read more.

Middle

Even though the peaceful protests were getting some good results most black people still lived in the urban slums and in desperate poverty. Not all of his protests were as successful as the Montgomery Bus Boycott, when King tried to end segregation at Lunch Counters in the spring of 1963, Police fired hoses and let dogs attack the protesters, this would of lost the support of many black Americans, especially the ones involved. Not only was he losing support from young black Americans, he was losing support from the government because it cost them money to help Martin Luther King Jr. fund the Civil Rights Movement, and when he made remarks about the Vietnam conflict and President Kennedy's handling of the Birmingham Bombs the FBI turned against him and started to put him under surveillance. I can see from these sources why Martin Luther King Jr.'s methods were starting to be questioned, were all the beatings and deaths worth being allowed on the same bus with the people do did such crimes to blacks? Did black people want to be integrated with people who would rather lynch them than school with them? All these questions were asked and Martin Luther King didn't have much of an answer to give them, but along came someone who did... Malcolm X, another black activist like Martin Luther King Jr. who also wanted the best for Black Americans but wanted to get it a different way. Malcolm X's methods were welcomed by the young black Afro-Americans who were considered the future of the Civil Rights Movement. Malcolm X didn't want to be integrated with the same white people who did his people wrong. He believed that it was time to take control from white people and this scared many white people, and fear leads to violence and that's what happened but rather than protest in a non- violent way, Malcolm X told his followers to give as good as they got. ...read more.

Conclusion

Maybe it's Americas way of getting back at black Americans for getting the equality they deserved. For around 400 years America treated black people as second class citizens and/or slaves. 160 years ago slavery was abolished and 40 years ago so was segregation, but how far has the black power movement really come? Sure they have equality and respect on paper but do they have the respect of their white counterparts? Would a white person and a black person be paid the same for the same job for the same hours? Do most Americans still picture black people as primitive second class humans? People say that TV helped segregation but after segregation was abolished TV started to show more black people on TV because people no longer had a "problem" with black people but the problem with that was they only showed one kind of black person, A drug-dealing, sleazy, common, uneducated full-of-brawn oaf. Is this the right message for America to send to the young children of it's country? Because what a child sees on TV is something that will stick with them for the rest of their lives unless told differently. If nothing is done then white people will always look down on black people. That raises the question, what will it take to shake that label and be accepted as normal people? Will there ever be a black president? maybe if there were then America would overcome that racial barrier that has been blocking them for centuries. We had the first black lead actor in 1960 Sidney Poitier and we had the first black sporting superstars in Basketball and Golf, Michael Jordan and Tiger Wood respectively. We now have a black man in one of the most important roles in American Politics with Colin Powel. Black culture is being accepted by white Americans from it's dress-sense to it's music but it is still seen as the lesser race. It's true what some people say, even though they're free, they're still slaves. ...read more.

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