• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cold war 1945-1954

Extracts from this document...


History Essay The Cold War 1945-1954 The Origins of the Cold War After World War 2, the Allies moved into Germany and Berlin in 1945, the US and Britain came from the west and the Russians came from the East. There was much dispute over who had the right to stay in Germany but in the end Russia stayed in the West and the rest of the allies stayed in the East. This created a lot of tension between the allies after World War 2 since Russia was strict about who left and who entered East Germany. Russians were angry at the West as they believed they had left Russian forces to fight more Germans as the war ended, thus costing Russian lives. Winston Churchill, the leader of Britain was concerned that the huge forces of Russia in Eastern Europe could become a threat to the UK and the rest of Europe. ...read more.


They managed to find about 100 people identified as 'communists' who resigned or were fired afterwards. The Hollywood ten were ten people who were questioned and refused to speak or give names, they were promptly arrested. They were taken to court and found guilty of 'Contempt to congress' and jailed for a year. They spoke out and claimed that they're were being jailed for free speech. During the trial period there were many protests in major cities for the Hollywood 10, demanding their release. Algar Hiss and the Rosenburgs A famous case of Americans being scared of a threat of communism was the Alger Hiss trial, in which a former employee of President Roosevelt, Alger Hiss, was accused of being a spy for the communist party. These claims were unfounded and never proved but further allegations were made and Hiss was brought to court. He was accused of being a high-ranking member of the communist party. ...read more.


He came to court and claimed he had a huge list of government officials who had links to communism; strangely no one ever saw these lists and McCarthy changed the number of people on the list. This provoked panic among Americans and many people lost their jobs since they were being accused of Communist ties. McCarthy mainly accused Democrats of 'being soft on communism', especially Truman and other high ranking government members. His reputation did wonders for the Republican Party who had a surge in popularity as they were seen to be stopping communism and keeping the American dream. During the 'Witch-hunts' the phrase 'Reds under the Bed' was used to describe the spread of communism to every office and home. McCarthy lost support when he went too far and attacked the Army and accused them of being sympathetic to communists and having 'Reds' in their ranks. His attacks were publicised and the public saw him as a bully. He lost influence and died of a drink related disease in 1957. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Who was to blame for the Cold War?

    4 star(s)

    American negotiators acted as if the mere recitation of their legal and moral rights ought to produce the results they desired" (Kissinger 438). Because of the differing attitudes, the "secure Europe" was not created in the opinion of both nations.

  2. The Cold War

    "The basic factor in producing this national sense of insecurity has been geographical. Throughout its history Russia has been without natural frontiers to serve for its defense" (Halle 13). The Soviet outlook was one of fear and insecurity because Soviets had been massacred from their western border several times by

  1. why did the us drop bombs of nagasaki and hiroshima

    'And we are talking about people who hadn't hesitated at Pearl Harbour to make a sneak attack' (US Secretary of State). Truman wanted revenge on the manner he chose because of the Japanese beat, tortured, or made American prisoners of war work to death as most died of hunger and disease.

  2. Were The Dropping Of The Atomic Bombs Justified?

    Before the bomb was dropped, Emperor Suzuki made a speech to his people solidifying that assumption: "I expect 100 million people of this glorious Empire to join themselves in a shield to protect the Emperor and the Imperial land from the invader."

  1. The USA 1941 - 80 : The Divided Union.

    * * 15 year-old Elizabeth Eckford and eight other attempted to enroll and were stopped by a white mob. * * President Eisenhower was forced to act to protect the students. * He sent in 10,000 troops from northern states to protect local black people and allow the students to enrol.

  2. Thick, cold mist crept malevolently over the impenetrable dark pool of nothingness that was ...

    situation had become overcame both of them until they could no longer bear to maintain the gaze. * Hina had met The Auxiliary before of course, but under an occasion of less urgency. At the time she had been the impetuous age of three and therefore had very little responsibility in comparison to what she has now.

  1. The scope of this investigation is to discover the Rastafari movement mainly by considering ...

    That until the basic human rights Are equally guaranteed to all, Without regard to race - Dis a war. That until that day The dream of lasting peace, World citizenship Rule of international morality Will remain in but a fleeting illusion to be pursued, But never attained - Now everywhere is war - war.

  2. The Changing Role and Status of Women since 1945

    Source B was written as a conscious piece of propaganda precisely to encourage women, such as the woman in source A, to relax as "there must naturally be a drift back from the services and factories to domestic work." Source B is meant to consequently prevent women from complaining and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work