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d day coursework

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Explain the Ways in which the British Forces Prepared for D-Day Since the evacuation of Dunkirk four years earlier on June 4th 1940 the Allies had been planning the invasion of France. The Russians were calling for the British and Americans to set up a third front, because Stalin's forces were taking most of the attention from the Germans at the Battle of Stalingrad December 1941, and he needed the support. The Allies had made progress as the Germans were thrown out of North Africa, with a successful tank battle at El Alamein October 1942. ...read more.


Eisenhower was put in charge of the African campaign for the Allies. He needed to select a suitable infantry commander, Churchill helped with this, he appointed Montgomery. To plan D-Day, the Allies first had to decide where to attack. The Germans would expect Calais to be the target as it was heavily defended by the Atlantic Wall, which stretched for 3100 miles of mine fields and heavy artillery. So they decided upon the moderately vulnerable beaches of Normandy, 150 miles southwest of Calais. Dieppe was a vital part of D-Day, it was planned that a Canadian force would take the port of Dieppe for a short time before receding, but this was a catastrophe as there were many casualties, however several lessons were learned. ...read more.


They would focus bombing raids on Calais to ensure the Germans would think this was where the attack would come; they also laid dummy tanks and landing craft in south- east England to further increase the deception. From the unsuccessful raid on Dieppe in they learned that specialised equipment would be needed to take German beaches, one such piece were the Mulberry Harbours, these were artificial floating ports which supported the Allies. Also there were new tanks, such as the DD tank- a floating tank. To supply clean water and petrol, the Allies built PLUTO, a colossal under water pipeline across the channel. However not all problems could be solved before the raid, the weather for instance postponed the attack from the 5th 6th June. Words: 483 ...read more.

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