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Describe the effects of the Blitz on everyday life in Britain?

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Q2. Describe the effects of the Blitz on everyday life in Britain? A2.The destruction made by the Blitz made a huge impact on the citizens of Britain. Well know land marks, historic buildings, shops, offices, factories and homes were destroyed. This devastating reality on the door step of everyone's home increased as 30,000 people were killed during the bombings and a further 50,000 were seriously injured. The main areas destroyed were the East London, Coventry and the docklands. The air attacks on the cities of Britain increased and civil defence preparations were made both at national and local level. Anderson shelters were made in people's back gardens of corrugated steel and earth. Large civic shelters built of brick and concrete were constructed in town for communal shelter. The night raids became so frequent that many people were tired of repeatedly interrupting their sleep to go back and forth to the street shelters so they took up residence in a shelter. To solve the same problem in London the solution was to move down in their thousands to the tube stations. It became very popular and soon became a common sight in the underground. However only 4% of London's population went under ground and 60% stayed in their shelter or did not use them at all. ...read more.


There were many good and bad factors about the evacuation. The Evacuation saved lives and promoted the government, as they supported all classes boosting the morale of the people. It also created opportunity for the children as most had not travelled this far from home. However the bomb damage was nowhere near the prediction and cost �9 million which could have been used on the war. Further more the evacuation caused emotional stress as families were separated. Rationing was introduced to maximise the war effort and create more factories producing suitable products to help the war. The manufacture of non essential foods and goods such as chocolate and fine clothes was cut back and very difficult to obtain. In 1939 two thirds of Britain's food and material came from abroad however the enemy sank thousands of ships creating a shortage of food. The government solved these problems in two ways. They encourage people to produce their own food and raw materials and cut back on the food and goods people could buy by rationing. Butter, bacon and sugar were rationed from 1940, and then it extended to clothes in 1941 as well as petrol in 1942. Many people benefited during the war as they had a healthier diet and life style. ...read more.


The WVS was the largest single woman's organisation at this time and had had over a million members supporting the civil defence teams and providing service for the local people. Their typical contributions include organising evacuations, shelters, mobile canteens and clothing exchanges. In spring 1939 the Women's Royal Navy (WRNS) and Woman's Auxiliary Air Force (WAAF) was reformed. The WRNS recruited woman aged 18-50 to maintain ships and was also involved with the planning of D-Day. The WAAF served with allied forces to bomb the enemy. This progress through out the war by women was a huge success as they broke through the stereotypical image of the 'wife at home' however when the war ended the government urged the women to give up there jobs a return home as the men wanted there jobs back. Many women did and gave right to be equal among men and through there independents away. Nevertheless at the end of 1950 there were more women working then there was in 1940. The effect of the blitz changed the lives of everyone in Britain. The government control the nation by maximising the population war effort. This was done by rationing, evacuations, blackouts and shelters. Censorship was used to create high morale and promote the war. However as the Germans targeted civilian and industrial targets the war could not be hidden from these people forever. ...read more.

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