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Describe the Problem Facing the Weimar Republic in 1919

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Introduction

Describe the Problem Facing the Weimar Republic in 1919 This essay will be discussing and analysing the problems facing the Weimar Republic in 1919. At the end of World War One the Kaiser was driven into exile and in 1919 the Weimar Republic was set up. The name originates from a small university town named 'Weimar' where the constitutions for the new democratic republic were signed. To some historians the Weimar Republic was destined to failure from the outset. It lasted for fourteen years, from 1919 to 1933. This essay will be addressing how the Weimar Republic and Germany were affected by the First World War, the Spartacist Uprising, the Constitution and the Treaty of Versailles. The First World War left Germany in a very bad situation, many people were left starving and vulnerable to disease because the British navy had blockaded their port and farmers could no longer produce food as they were joining the armed forces, this meant that strict rationing had to be enforced. It also turned Germany; a united and proud nation into humiliated, angry and bitter people, they all wanted to blame someone for Germanys defeat in the war. ...read more.

Middle

The next day they captured all other occupied buildings in central Berlin, two days later they caught the Spartacist leaders and brutally murdered them. The rising thus failed. The Constitution is a set of rules which state how a country should be run. On the 31st July 1919 Germany accepted the Weimar constitution however this wasn't all for the best. It gave equal powers to those people who wished to destroy the Weimar Republic. The constitution gave each state their own regional government who had the right to make local laws they could be hostile to the national government in Berlin and try to overthrow it. Article 48 gave great power to the president this meant that he could destroy the republic and turn himself into a dictator. The Treaty of Versailles was the peace settlement signed after World War One had ended in 1918. The terms of the Treaty of Versailles were: war guilt; Germany had to take sole responsibility for the outbreak of World War One, this is untrue, the reasons for the outbreak of world war one were very complex and the Germans felt very angry that Germany alone had to take the blame for the war. ...read more.

Conclusion

On 11th November 1918, representatives from the Weimar republic had to sign the Armistice which ended World War One. Many people in Germany didn't accept that Germany had lost the war. They felt that they should have carried on fighting. The Treaty of Versailles bought in after the war was detested in Germany and the government was held responsible for signing that as well. This meant that the government faced a great deal of resentment and distrust and therefore it was not very stable. Besides trying to solve all the other problems, they needed to get people to accept the new style of government. It's an astonishing amount of problems that the Weimar Republic was faced with. They had to try overcoming the devastation that remained from World War One, the Treaty of Versailles, the Constitution and the Spartacist Uprising. Perhaps the greatest danger was the weakness within; the constitution gave the president, the states and the army too much power, whilst proportional voting meant the Reichstag was divided and weak, however worst was yet to come. ?? ?? ?? ?? Katy Irons 5/8/2007 Coursework ...read more.

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