• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Did the Nazis succeed in controlling the churches?

Extracts from this document...


Did the Nazis succeed in controlling the churches? Nazis were divided on the issue of controlling the churches because there was an equally convincing side for both for and against. Firstly, In 1930 Germany 1/3 of the population was Roman Catholic and 2/3's were Protestant. The Protestant Church had more members than the Nazi party. Nazis were of the opinion that if people believed in God they would be less likely to worship Hitler because their loyalty would be divided. However other Nazis believed that the churches could be used to spread Nazi ideas and Protestants shared some of their beliefs with the Nazis such as family life and the emphasis on military and in 1936 priests accompanied the troops as they re-entered the Rhineland. ...read more.


The Churches for their part were frightened of communism which had taken over in Russia. Communism was basically an atheist philosophy that did not recognise religion. Therefore many religious leaders may have sought protection from the Nazis, rather than sympathise with their views. The Nazis at heart did not believe in religion at all, and set up an alternative religion called the faith movement; this was a pagan style worship of nature centred on the sun. As the Nazis grew stronger with more support they began to assert their anti religious beliefs and this led to conflict with religious leaders and the Nazis, for example Paul Schneider who was a pastor in a small town, criticized the Nazis and was arrested and sent to a concentration camp. ...read more.


In 1938 priests were stopped from teaching religious classes in schools and in the following year all remaining church schools were abolished. The Nazis had succeeded in abolishing church schools and the German society had gradually moved away from the influence of church, but as the war started the church in particular-religion found its own needs among the soldiers and the relatives. Many people both Catholics and Protestants prevented the Nazis form moving crucifixes from churches. In conclusion the Nazis were initially successful but when the people and the religious leaders realised what the Nazis really stood for, they objected and fought back as best they could. So I do not think that the Nazis were entirely successful in controlling the churches. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Did The Nazis Succeed in Controlling the Hearts and Minds of German Youth?

    Children of different races especially the Jews were victimised and discriminated against. They would often be singled out by teachers and ridiculed in the front of the whole class one example of this can be seen in the book 'A Boy in Your Situation' it says "'I must now make up the register.

  2. Did Hitler succeed in creating a Volksgemeinschaft?

    This opposes all of Hitler's aims for Volksgemeinschaft, suggesting that women were not a successful part of it. Nevertheless, Hitler had been successful in some areas for women. The number of Aryan births increased rapidly during the Nazi reign and this was possibly the area which Hitler was most concerned

  1. Free essay

    Did the Nazis Succeed in controlling the Churches?

    These new Nazi faiths and systems in the churches were not universally popular by any means. There were many cases of opposition, one such being that of Cardinal Galen. Despite the agreement between the Catholic Church and the Nazis, Galen still worked against the Nazis, criticised them and their policies, and actively campaigned against them.

  2. Did the Nazi's succeed in controlling The hearts and minds of German youths?

    They were encouraged to be taught domestic science and maths so that if Germany had to ration food they would be able to use the minimum ingredients possible. They were taught housekeeping and eugenics so that they would produce Aryan offspring.

  1. Thr opposition of the Church.

    And even fewer paused to reflect that under the leadership of Rosenberg, Borman and Himmler, who were backed by Hitler, the Nazi regime intended to destroy Christianity in Germany, if it could, and substitute the old paganism of the early tribal Germanic gods and the new paganism of the Nazi extremists.

  2. Did The Nazis Succeed In Controlling The Churches In Nazi Germany?

    Hitler united all the Protestant churches together into one Reich church under a pro-Nazi Reich Bishop, Müller. They became known as the German Christians. They adopted Nazi-style uniforms, salutes and marches. Their slogan was ‘The swastika on our breasts and the cross in our hearts’.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work