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During the 19th century the status and position of European Jews changed frequently as the rights they had and the way countries tried to gain inequality changed dramatically.

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Introduction

During the 19th the status and position of European Jews changed frequently as the rights they had and the way countries tried to gain inequality changed dramatically. At the start of the 19th in France and Germany there was a great deal of anti Semitism between Jews and Christians, the French Christians could not accept Jews into their community. They thought of Jews as aliens. In Germany Jews were persecuted. To start with, the nazi's made laws to limit their freedom and encourage attacks on Jewish homes and businesses. Gradually the persecution increased until the nazi's started to send Jews to ' extermination camps'. The encouragement by the state of anti-semitisim was not known in the roman and early Christian era. The Jewish religion was often a cause of irritation and the different customs of the Jews. Anti Semitism started off when all kinds of measures were taken by religious and political leaders to prevent the mingling of Jews and Christians. The religious, social and economic rights of the Jews were restricted. Anti- Semitism grew from then on. Some things had to change. In the 19th in Germany Jews were being murdered and their houses looted. ...read more.

Middle

He was a good Christian but he could see and understand the inequality in France. Between 1789-1815 the Jews were granted the rights of full citizenship and no one should be persecuted for their religious rights. The government wanted a peaceful country and they thought that by making these rights for Jews things would become to settle down. The governments ideas might influence people if the majority of the public in the France agreed with the point they were trying to make, they might also feel threatened when they don't agree, they could be influenced by speeches and rumours. The government could also use propaganda to promote inequality. Their ideas might have no influence as people have their own views and are stubborn to their ideas. The Jews had a higher position in society and were given the same rights as French Christians, people thought more of them in France in about 1900. Jews had very similar status in Germany, things were starting to get better. France would be a better country to live in because in Germany they still had insecure after unification of their country. ...read more.

Conclusion

Not every Jew was allowed to live outside the Pale Settlement, they still had to pay taxes and there were still problems with Christians and Jews mixing socially. They also couldn't have the right to vote and denied religious rights. There were mass killing of Jews in the 1880's which erupted Russia. This resulted in the spread of anti-semitism. Tsar Alexander 11 was assassinated and intended to pin the blame on the Jews. The government then issued more restricted laws on where Jews could live. Many Jews reacted and left Russia. The communist government tried to bring about inequality to Russia. First of all it abolished all legal discriminations against Jews and the Red Army tried to stop anti-semitic feeling. Things started to get better for the Jews towards 1920. By 1950 the Jews had a higher status in life in general, ie schooling, work, rights but they were removed from government positions. This was therefore worse than France and Germany. There were still riots and unsettlement going on until 1921 in Russia. In France and Germany by 1921 there seemed to bu nore peace and inequality whereas in Russia there was still anti-semitism and unsettlement although the status of Jews had increased dramatically. ...read more.

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