• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

During the 19th century the status and position of European Jews changed frequently as the rights they had and the way countries tried to gain inequality changed dramatically.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

During the 19th the status and position of European Jews changed frequently as the rights they had and the way countries tried to gain inequality changed dramatically. At the start of the 19th in France and Germany there was a great deal of anti Semitism between Jews and Christians, the French Christians could not accept Jews into their community. They thought of Jews as aliens. In Germany Jews were persecuted. To start with, the nazi's made laws to limit their freedom and encourage attacks on Jewish homes and businesses. Gradually the persecution increased until the nazi's started to send Jews to ' extermination camps'. The encouragement by the state of anti-semitisim was not known in the roman and early Christian era. The Jewish religion was often a cause of irritation and the different customs of the Jews. Anti Semitism started off when all kinds of measures were taken by religious and political leaders to prevent the mingling of Jews and Christians. The religious, social and economic rights of the Jews were restricted. Anti- Semitism grew from then on. Some things had to change. In the 19th in Germany Jews were being murdered and their houses looted. ...read more.

Middle

He was a good Christian but he could see and understand the inequality in France. Between 1789-1815 the Jews were granted the rights of full citizenship and no one should be persecuted for their religious rights. The government wanted a peaceful country and they thought that by making these rights for Jews things would become to settle down. The governments ideas might influence people if the majority of the public in the France agreed with the point they were trying to make, they might also feel threatened when they don't agree, they could be influenced by speeches and rumours. The government could also use propaganda to promote inequality. Their ideas might have no influence as people have their own views and are stubborn to their ideas. The Jews had a higher position in society and were given the same rights as French Christians, people thought more of them in France in about 1900. Jews had very similar status in Germany, things were starting to get better. France would be a better country to live in because in Germany they still had insecure after unification of their country. ...read more.

Conclusion

Not every Jew was allowed to live outside the Pale Settlement, they still had to pay taxes and there were still problems with Christians and Jews mixing socially. They also couldn't have the right to vote and denied religious rights. There were mass killing of Jews in the 1880's which erupted Russia. This resulted in the spread of anti-semitism. Tsar Alexander 11 was assassinated and intended to pin the blame on the Jews. The government then issued more restricted laws on where Jews could live. Many Jews reacted and left Russia. The communist government tried to bring about inequality to Russia. First of all it abolished all legal discriminations against Jews and the Red Army tried to stop anti-semitic feeling. Things started to get better for the Jews towards 1920. By 1950 the Jews had a higher status in life in general, ie schooling, work, rights but they were removed from government positions. This was therefore worse than France and Germany. There were still riots and unsettlement going on until 1921 in Russia. In France and Germany by 1921 there seemed to bu nore peace and inequality whereas in Russia there was still anti-semitism and unsettlement although the status of Jews had increased dramatically. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. How did the status and position of Jews change in the European countries Russia, ...

    Anti-Semitism was originated long before 1880 and was not invented by Adolf Hitler. In France Jews had been treated fairly by Napoleon; he freed many ghettos that were occupied by Jews, they were also given full civil rights before any other European country, in the late 18th Century.

  2. Describe how Jews were persecuted in the twentieth century before the Holocaust.

    Though anti-Semitism in Germany had been around for centuries, it had reached a boiling point by 1933. German Jews were being harassed, beaten, arrested and imprisoned. Their businesses and shops were being boycotted and looted. Hitler's plan was almost halfway complete.

  1. Anti -Semitism

    the whole crowed would for me go as further evidence to show that only the minority of people agreed with the Nazi policies against the Jews Analysing the provenance of this source, it is a newspaper article written just days after the actual event by a reporter who was actually there, making this a primary source.

  2. Hitler and the Jews.

    Therefore, he was powerful enough to take the country. Hitler also hated the Jews because of their different look, different religion, tradition, culture, food, and they speak Hebrew. He also saw the Jews as a threat to the so-called superior Aryan race, which was white (blonde hair and blue eyes)

  1. Explain the changes in the status and position of European Jews between 1880 and ...

    The new views towards Jews at a popular level caused random pogroms, which the state tacitly approved. The state also persecuted the Jews until 1917. The Jews responded to the state's Anti Semitism by doing different things. There was some political activism; some Jews joined some revolutionary and socialist movements, hoping to achieve emancipation.

  2. Explain the status and position of European Jews in the beginning of the 20th ...

    many Jews like them served the countries they lived in, likewise in war. Jews were highly educated and were a prominent part of society; they worked mainly in parliament, banking, law, medicine, theatre and other high positions of society. These included Albert Einstein (who founded relativity theory of physics)

  1. Explain the status and position of the European Jews at the end of the ...

    This pathetic theory was developed from the writings of Charles Darwin, a British scientist who had discovered the theory of evolution. His intention was of course not to create this ladder of human races but just to discuss how man got to where he is now.

  2. The status and position of Jews in Europe in the 19th century and the ...

    Jews were known as `Christian killers' during the middle ages as it is believed that it was a Jewish ruler which ordered that Jesus was to be crucified on the cross. Jews were victims of brutal attacks in the 1340's as they were savagely attacked by Christians or burnt to death in Strasburg in 1347 during the black death.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work