• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

During the 19th century the status and position of European Jews changed frequently as the rights they had and the way countries tried to gain inequality changed dramatically.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

During the 19th the status and position of European Jews changed frequently as the rights they had and the way countries tried to gain inequality changed dramatically. At the start of the 19th in France and Germany there was a great deal of anti Semitism between Jews and Christians, the French Christians could not accept Jews into their community. They thought of Jews as aliens. In Germany Jews were persecuted. To start with, the nazi's made laws to limit their freedom and encourage attacks on Jewish homes and businesses. Gradually the persecution increased until the nazi's started to send Jews to ' extermination camps'. The encouragement by the state of anti-semitisim was not known in the roman and early Christian era. The Jewish religion was often a cause of irritation and the different customs of the Jews. Anti Semitism started off when all kinds of measures were taken by religious and political leaders to prevent the mingling of Jews and Christians. The religious, social and economic rights of the Jews were restricted. Anti- Semitism grew from then on. Some things had to change. In the 19th in Germany Jews were being murdered and their houses looted. ...read more.

Middle

He was a good Christian but he could see and understand the inequality in France. Between 1789-1815 the Jews were granted the rights of full citizenship and no one should be persecuted for their religious rights. The government wanted a peaceful country and they thought that by making these rights for Jews things would become to settle down. The governments ideas might influence people if the majority of the public in the France agreed with the point they were trying to make, they might also feel threatened when they don't agree, they could be influenced by speeches and rumours. The government could also use propaganda to promote inequality. Their ideas might have no influence as people have their own views and are stubborn to their ideas. The Jews had a higher position in society and were given the same rights as French Christians, people thought more of them in France in about 1900. Jews had very similar status in Germany, things were starting to get better. France would be a better country to live in because in Germany they still had insecure after unification of their country. ...read more.

Conclusion

Not every Jew was allowed to live outside the Pale Settlement, they still had to pay taxes and there were still problems with Christians and Jews mixing socially. They also couldn't have the right to vote and denied religious rights. There were mass killing of Jews in the 1880's which erupted Russia. This resulted in the spread of anti-semitism. Tsar Alexander 11 was assassinated and intended to pin the blame on the Jews. The government then issued more restricted laws on where Jews could live. Many Jews reacted and left Russia. The communist government tried to bring about inequality to Russia. First of all it abolished all legal discriminations against Jews and the Red Army tried to stop anti-semitic feeling. Things started to get better for the Jews towards 1920. By 1950 the Jews had a higher status in life in general, ie schooling, work, rights but they were removed from government positions. This was therefore worse than France and Germany. There were still riots and unsettlement going on until 1921 in Russia. In France and Germany by 1921 there seemed to bu nore peace and inequality whereas in Russia there was still anti-semitism and unsettlement although the status of Jews had increased dramatically. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Describe how Jews were persecuted in the twentieth century before the Holocaust.

    It's only a small thing." Soon they were not to be allowed into the same theatres, shops and jobs as everyone else. Of course they did not know where this was leading to in the end, so they just got on with their lives and tried to stay within the new rules.

  2. Explain the status and position of the European Jews at the end of the ...

    But even with this, a great threat dawned for the Jews, as more and more people began to loathe them, as they were 'vermin' compared to the Aryan's. Most German Jews were wrongly optimistic about their future. They saw themselves as Germans first, and Jews second.

  1. Hitler and the Jews.

    This is a primary source but it couldn't be trusted 100% because the picture could be posed for and the two pupils are acting in front of the camera. However, there is still information we can get from it. It shows that the Jews were humiliated at that time.

  2. Anti -Semitism

    I in my own studies I have encountered many accounts which describe normal German citizens helping Jews to escape from persecution by the SA. Taking all the above factors into consideration I would say that source C is reliable. However since this is the account of what one reporter had

  1. The Jews of Russia - antisemitism.

    Even worse and even more worrying was the fact that Heinrich Himmler ordered a massive expansion of all concentration camps in Buchenwald, Dachau, Sachsenhausen and Lichtenburg. Question 2 In 1933 Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany. The right wing government was completely the opposite of the communist ideas of the left wing government that ran Russia..

  2. How did the status and position of Jews change in the European countries Russia, ...

    The Crusaders were Christian's travelling from Northern Europe to Jerusalem to fight in the Holy War. On the way they stopped at towns around Europe and massacred many Jews, in some cases the Archbishop of that town tried to stop the Crusaders, only to fail.

  1. Explain the changes in the status and position of European Jews between 1880 and ...

    The new views towards Jews at a popular level caused random pogroms, which the state tacitly approved. The state also persecuted the Jews until 1917. The Jews responded to the state's Anti Semitism by doing different things. There was some political activism; some Jews joined some revolutionary and socialist movements, hoping to achieve emancipation.

  2. Explain the status and position of European Jews in the beginning of the 20th ...

    many Jews like them served the countries they lived in, likewise in war. Jews were highly educated and were a prominent part of society; they worked mainly in parliament, banking, law, medicine, theatre and other high positions of society. These included Albert Einstein (who founded relativity theory of physics)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work