• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Eastern Bloc

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Eastern Bloc 1) The Eastern Bloc was made out of the eight countries surrounding the USSR. 2) The USSR managed to take over these eight countries in less than 2 years. 3) This made it hard for enemy forces to attack the USSR from the west, as the invading troops would need to get through these countries to get to the USSR. 4) The 'Buffer Zone' and 'The Iron Curtain' were other names for the Eastern Bloc. 5) Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Romania, Albania, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria were the eight countries which made up the Eastern Bloc. 6) These countries were Communists. 7) The main reason why these countries became communism was due to poverty. 8) The USSR ruled the countries since 1945 to 1989 (over 40 years). 9) When the Soviet Union broke up in 1989, these eight countries stopped being a communist country and into a capitalist country. 10) These countries became part of the Soviet's alliance, 'NATO' The Korean War 1) The Korean War split Korea into two halves - The North and The South. ...read more.

Middle

In 1959, the dictator fled and Castro took over. 5) Castro kicked all of the American businesses out of Cuba, and ran the businesses themselves. 6) He used the money from the products produced to build schools and hospitals. Cuba had the best literacy rate for over 10 years. 7) America's secret agency, the CIA, decided to plot to kill Castro because of communism. 8) The CIA failed, and Castro decided to ask the USSR for help. 9) The USSR gave them military aid, which included nuclear weapons. This led to the Cuban Missile Crisis. 10) After the Cuban Missile Crisis, America formed a banned on Cuban products. Russia's economy crashed and Cuba had no one to sell their products to. This caused Cuba's economical problems. Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry Truman, Winston Churchill 1) Joseph Stalin was the dictator of the USSR. 2) Franklin D. Roosevelt was the president of the USA. He died in 1945, and Vice President Harry Truman became president. ...read more.

Conclusion

The USA was worried about this because if the USSR wanted to launch an attack, they would only have a few minutes notice before the impact. 3) The USA also held nuclear weapons in Turkey, which lies under Russia itself. 4) This was the closet point in history, when a nuclear war could have started. 5) The Cuban Missile Crisis started on the 15th October 1962 and lasted for 13 days, until the 28th October. 6) The USA first found out about the nuclear weapons when a U2, a spy plane, took pictures of planning sites. 7) The USA decided to try and stop the USSR from bringing the weapons into Cuba, by trying to form a wall of ships, to block any Soviet ships carrying the weapons. 8) The USA threatened to invade Cuba if the ships with the weapons did not turn back. 9) The USSR told the USA that if they took their missile out of Turkey, they will turn back. 10) In the end, The USSR withdrew their ships under all of the conditions. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Cuban Missile Crisis: Was President Kennedy the Saviour of the Cuban Missile Crisis?

    All ships, if found to contain cargoes of offensive weapons, (will) be turned back." Source B3 shows how Kennedy came to hjis decision despite support for a more violent action. The blockade began on 24th October. Cuba was circled by 100 warships while America made other military moves.

  2. Keeping Mandela in prison between 1964 and 1990 was a mistake(TM)

    Source G are the two songs. 'Bring him back home to Soweto' was recorded in 1986 by Hugh Masekela whilst Mandela was in prison and the year which Desmond Tutu became the Arch Bishop. 'Free Mandela, I'm begging you' is part of the chorus to one of the hit songs.

  1. Forty years ago on New Year's Day, dictator Fulginio Baptista fled Havana.

    Three days after Cuba was declared a socialist state, the U.S.-backed Bay of Pigs invasion was launched. About 1,300 Central Intelligence Agency-backed Cuban counter-revolutionaries landed on Cuba's southern coast. Ninety of them were killed and the rest were captured. Wealthy Cuban exiles in the U.S.

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    Ultimately, he decided on a naval blockade to prevent anymore soviet missiles from reaching Cuba. A further key feature was the Thirteen Days where deliberations between the USSR and USA took place. During this time the USSR and USA sent letters back and forth discussing what either party would do considering the circumstances.

  1. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    "groups of countries in which the two systems reign supreme" * Asserted that was not Soviet intention to conquer world/impose system by force but it is clear he felt the USSR was free to compete for influence in countries that were not a part of either system yet * Avoid

  2. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    27 October Khruschev promised to remove missiles if USA removed missiles from turkey. However, a U2 spy plane was shot down and the crisis deepend. 28 October Kennedy (accepting his Brothers advice) ignored the second letter and replied to the first, stating that the offer was only open until the 29th October and beyond that would mean invasion.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work