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Eastern Bloc

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Introduction

Eastern Bloc 1) The Eastern Bloc was made out of the eight countries surrounding the USSR. 2) The USSR managed to take over these eight countries in less than 2 years. 3) This made it hard for enemy forces to attack the USSR from the west, as the invading troops would need to get through these countries to get to the USSR. 4) The 'Buffer Zone' and 'The Iron Curtain' were other names for the Eastern Bloc. 5) Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Romania, Albania, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria were the eight countries which made up the Eastern Bloc. 6) These countries were Communists. 7) The main reason why these countries became communism was due to poverty. 8) The USSR ruled the countries since 1945 to 1989 (over 40 years). 9) When the Soviet Union broke up in 1989, these eight countries stopped being a communist country and into a capitalist country. 10) These countries became part of the Soviet's alliance, 'NATO' The Korean War 1) The Korean War split Korea into two halves - The North and The South. ...read more.

Middle

In 1959, the dictator fled and Castro took over. 5) Castro kicked all of the American businesses out of Cuba, and ran the businesses themselves. 6) He used the money from the products produced to build schools and hospitals. Cuba had the best literacy rate for over 10 years. 7) America's secret agency, the CIA, decided to plot to kill Castro because of communism. 8) The CIA failed, and Castro decided to ask the USSR for help. 9) The USSR gave them military aid, which included nuclear weapons. This led to the Cuban Missile Crisis. 10) After the Cuban Missile Crisis, America formed a banned on Cuban products. Russia's economy crashed and Cuba had no one to sell their products to. This caused Cuba's economical problems. Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry Truman, Winston Churchill 1) Joseph Stalin was the dictator of the USSR. 2) Franklin D. Roosevelt was the president of the USA. He died in 1945, and Vice President Harry Truman became president. ...read more.

Conclusion

The USA was worried about this because if the USSR wanted to launch an attack, they would only have a few minutes notice before the impact. 3) The USA also held nuclear weapons in Turkey, which lies under Russia itself. 4) This was the closet point in history, when a nuclear war could have started. 5) The Cuban Missile Crisis started on the 15th October 1962 and lasted for 13 days, until the 28th October. 6) The USA first found out about the nuclear weapons when a U2, a spy plane, took pictures of planning sites. 7) The USA decided to try and stop the USSR from bringing the weapons into Cuba, by trying to form a wall of ships, to block any Soviet ships carrying the weapons. 8) The USA threatened to invade Cuba if the ships with the weapons did not turn back. 9) The USSR told the USA that if they took their missile out of Turkey, they will turn back. 10) In the end, The USSR withdrew their ships under all of the conditions. ...read more.

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