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Evactuation Coursework: Question One

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Introduction

Britain in the Second World War: evacuation Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at the start of the Second World War? Evacuation took place in Britain during the Second World War in August 1939. The government decided it was best to evacuate their children for several reasons including, and advance in technology, the expansion of Hitler, the threats made to cities and the failure of the League of Nations. The second world was a completely different war than that of the previous world war. The advance in technology had made the war a much more dangerous war, and not just those who were in battle were killed, many civilians were killed too. It was no longer a war fought on muddy battlefields and new technology had made it a war fought in the air and by sea. Air raids were a huge threat to Britain in 1939, air raids would often take place in large cities and towns and the targets were helpless civilians. The effect of Air raids could be potentially catastrophic and this prominent threat to civilians concerned the government greatly. ...read more.

Middle

London was the centre of government and administrations and there were a large number of people who lived there. This is one reason why the government decided to evacuate cities. Cities were the centres of population, including children, schools and hospitals and an attack on the people would heavily weaken morale. It was important to keep morale up in the cities and an attack would also destroy industrial areas and factories that would be producing vital war materials. Also attacking major cities would cut off essential communication links and disrupt transport. Bombing London could also be used as a way of imitating the British government into surrendering, which would then cause Hitler to expand further. An attack on London was a huge threat, and an attack happened in the Blitz in September 1940 through to may the following year. However many people argue that Hitler would have never been able to rise to power if it hadn't had been for the failure of the League of Nations. The League of Nations was created by American president Woodrow Wilson. The committee was set up to improve to qualities of people's lives and jobs by promoting cooperation in trade and social agencies. ...read more.

Conclusion

Evacuation in Britain turned out to be very successful and many lives were saved. Advance in technology, the expansion of Hitler, the threats made to cities and the failure of the League of Nations all contributed to evacuation taking place in Britain in the second world war . However each factor is somehow related to another one, for example, if the League of Nations hadn't failed then Hitler would never be able to expand, also if technology wasn't so advanced could Hitler have caused as much damage as he did to Gurernica in 1937. In Conclusion each factor is directly related to each other and they are all very important, however the failure of the League of Nations is a more significant. It could be argued that the failure of the league nation, did in turn lead to the Second World War. The overall aim of the league was to prevent another world war, and because it was weak it failed at this. This is why the failure of the League of Nations not only lead to Britain evacuating its children in august 1939, but to the catastrophic war that followed. ...read more.

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