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Evacuation during WWII - source based questions.

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Introduction

History Course work on Evacuation during WWII (1) Source B is a black and white photograph taken in September 1939. The photograph is of evacuees, which are school children and teachers, walking to a train station in London. Source C is the memories a teacher has of being evacuated with school children. The source is from an interview in 1988. Source B is a primary source as it is a photograph from the time of the evacuation period, during the Second World War. The photograph is black and white for the reason that photography had only just settled in the daily routine of life; so had not been around long enough to encourage developments in photograph. This is a good source of showing exactly what school children and teachers look like at the time of evacuation, as it is a visual image. Closer observation of the photograph shows that the children and teachers are smiling and waving whilst walking towards the train station; carrying only essential belongings and a box, which contains their gas masks. A disadvantage of this source is that it is very subjective, because a photograph only captures a split second of time. ...read more.

Middle

She was born in London on 19th January 1925; here she resided until the Second World War, where she settled in a mining valley in Wales as an evacuee. I believe Source G to be a reliable source in giving evidence about evacuees because the author Nina Bowden had actually experienced the evacuation period herself, as a young teenager. She wrote Carrie's War in first person narrative from Carrie's point of view, so in relation to Nina Bowden it is very close to her own experiences. It is a good source in showing the attitudes of the country hosts towards the evacuees and it is also good in giving evidence of items evacuees could not take, in this case it is slippers. (3) Before the Second World War broke out the government were putting down plans to evacuate children, teachers and mothers to the countryside. This was because the British government had a feeling that German bombers would hugely target major cities. The start of the evacuation period was towards the end of August 1939, where approximately two million children were moved out of areas considered to be dangerous. ...read more.

Conclusion

The children are happy with large smiles on their faces, because they know they are safe from falling bombs. The final paragraph, at the bottom of the page, written in bold, is similar to a final goodbye as it is rounding up the main point of the advert, but it seems more desperate in the search for foster-parents. "Evacuation was a great success." I strongly agree to this interpretation, mainly for the amount of lives saved. It is simple enough, if evacuation was not planned and put into use by the government, the death toll in the major cities suffering from targeted bombs would have been so much higher. It is evident in Source D that the evacuees were happy to have vacated what is considered as a danger zone, and be safe and free in the countryside. Source H, which is the advert realises that evacuation is an act of good doing, but it is need for foster - parents to care for evacuees, which is the what the focus is on in the advert. Evacuation helped many to survive, like the teacher in Source C and tell the memories of the Second World War. ...read more.

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