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Evacuation - source related study.

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Introduction

Alexandra Salters December 2002 History Coursework 1) Study Source B and C Which source is the most useful as evidence about the start of the children's evacuation journey? Explain your answer using Source B and C and knowledge from your studies. 5 Marks In 1939 many precautions were taken to protect civilians. One was the evacuation of children, (some with their mothers) from the major cities to the countryside. The British Government were expecting immediate air raids and lots of casualties. The Government decided to send children to the countryside in school groups. The "Phoney War" interrupted this process parents were very upset at sending their children away to safe areas and Parents brought many children home. The Government released Propaganda posters in an attempt to persuade parents to leave children in safe areas. Source B is a photograph taken in September 1939. It shows children in a line with parents in the background. All appear to be happy, smiling and waving. They are carrying luggage and from my knowledge I know they would also be carrying gas masks and wearing identification labels. The photograph may have many purposes propaganda- a parent taking a picture as a momentum or a journalist taking it for a local newspaper. The photograph however only shows one part of London, it doesn't even tell us where it was taken or which station the children were going to. Source C is an extract from an interview with a teacher in 1988. ...read more.

Middle

3)"Evacuation was a great success." Do you agree with this statement or disagree with this statement? Explain your answer using all the sources and knowledge from your studies. 15 Marks The government decided at the beginning of WW2 that it was necessary to evacuate all children to the countryside to protect them from German bombing, as the government had expected many casualties and deaths. The "Phoney War" interrupted this process parents were very upset at sending their children away to safe areas and Parents brought many children home. The Government released Propaganda posters in an attempt to persuade parents to leave children in safe areas. Within the question I will look and discuss different sources and conclude whether Evacuation was a success or not. Source A is from a textbook, it explains what happened when children were evacuated. Host families were shocked at the children's behavior and the language they used. Many could not settle in their new environment. From my own knowledge I know this wasn't always the case as some children enjoyed living the countryside and didn't want to go home. I also some children were well behaved and came from good families. Source B is a photograph taken in September 1939. It shows children in a line with parents in the background. All appear to be happy, smiling and waving. They are carrying luggage and from my knowledge I know they would also be carrying gas masks and wearing identification labels. ...read more.

Conclusion

I know from my knowledge that this wasn't always the case and some evacuees had terrible experiences. Source H is another use of propaganda it is asking for more host families in Scotland. Host families were very important as this is were evacuated children would stay. I know from my knowledge that families did take children in for the money they would receive for looking after the children. Most families did this for the money, as some of them hated children. Other did it because they loved children and felt it was important to help with the war effort. Source I is a fathers opposition too evacuation. He tells us that he has a son who he doesn't want to be evacuated. It feels very strongly and doesn't want a stranger looking after his son. He also doesn't think Wales is the best place for his son to go he complains that they were starving there before the War. He then ends with saying that if he is killed during this war there will be plenty of family and friends to look after his son. This is another interview for a newspaper in may 1940 during the phoney he is obviously skeptical because no bombing raids had taken place, he thought his son was perfectly safe. This interview was taken just before the Blitz. Studying all the source I think there is plenty of evidence to show that evacuation was a great success. Evacuation was a necessary precaution and it saved many lives. All sources positive and negative things about evacuation. Overall I believe evacuation was the right course of action to protect Innocent civilian lives. 1 1 ...read more.

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