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Evacuation - source related study.

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Introduction

The aim of evacuation was to move the youth of Britain away from areas that may have been attacked by the Nazis. This was so that Britain would not lose much of its youngest generation from the blitzkrieg that had occurred in France striking Britain. The government of the time were also seen to care about children and this increased their popularity and caused the people to get behind the war effort. Another more subtle reason for evacuation was to get the children away from the mothers who would be needed in the factories building munitions. During the war only 60,000 people died from the bombing, this was far less than expected and this relative success could be put down to there being less people in the cities. On the other hand however the cost of evacuation is estimated at �9million. This �9m would have gone a long way in creating guns and bombs for example. ...read more.

Middle

The tales of children urinating on walls or in corners as described in Source E were a very common experience. Evacuation did pull the country together in a time of great hardship and it also made people feel as if they were doing something to help. Evacuation made the government popular with the people because they were protecting children on a massive scale. One success that came out of evacuation was that it highlighted the differences between the rich and poor and it eventually led to the welfare state and the National Health Service being formed. Without evacuation this would have never happened. Of the 3m Britons who were evacuated 900,000 had returned to their homes by January 1939. This fact shows how evacuation was not really all that Successful as one in three children had returned home by January. In fairness to the government though no bombs were dropped before January 1939 and so many mothers thought that war was not going to happen and so they brought their children home. ...read more.

Conclusion

The government sound very manipulative. They use very emotional language throughout the article. This shows that evacuation was a great success in some ways, as government were trying to make out that it was, however it does seem that the evacuation process was failing as the government needed to publish an article to get the publics support. On a whole, most of the sources are very negative about evacuation, so I don't really think it was a great success for the public, as they were the ones who were experiencing it and they didn't really approve of it, however for the government it was a great success as they saved some of their population plus other countries thought it was successful too so this was good for the British government. From the governments point of view evacuation was great successs because it achieved the aims of evacuation which were to reduce the casualties of minors and to free up mothers so they could work in the factories. Although there were problems such as bed wetters and deppressed children on the whole evacuation was a success. Ben Greenbank 11A 09/05/2007 Evacuation Coursework: Question Three ...read more.

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