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Evacuation - was it a success.

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Introduction

Samantha Yates History Coursework Question 2 (b). In this essay I am going to explain whether or not I think Evacuation was a success in the Second World War. I will research this by analysing sources from the Second World War and evaluating each one individually. Evacuation is the removal of children from the Second World War. This was done to prevent any unnecessary harm or injury in the cities. Children were sent to countryside's called reception areas and stayed there over the remainder of the war. The first Evacuees were sent during September 1939. 827, 000 children were sent to reception areas at the beginning of the war and many more were yet to join them. A photograph was taken showing evacuees walking to the station in London during the first month of evacuation. The children in the picture look happy and exited and everything seems to be organised well. This photograph could be used as propaganda in the cities to encourage parents to send their children away from the war. It convinces them that evacuation is a good idea and is the right thing to do. However you could argue that this photo was planned and set up to make people believe it is a great plan. ...read more.

Middle

Foster parents were needed all over the countryside's as more and more children were been evacuated. There was a popular advertisement issued by the government in 1940, which was clearly propaganda. It was a persuasive poster aimed at foster parents and parents in the cities asking for more families to take in evacuated children. It has pictures on it of two children a young boy and girl who are smiling happily. They look clean, tidy and cute, just the right picture to make you believe the children evacuated are in reliable hands. In the text beneath the picture it says how great foster families have been and it thanks them for there work. This shows that evacuation is successful however it could also mean that they are in trouble, as more foster parents are needed urgently, but this may also mean that it is becoming so great that more parents are sending their children away to safety and so they simply need more foster families. There are two sides to this poster but overall I think it shows a successful side to evacuation. Whilst evacuation was taking place it was important to know the opinions of the public on their view of evacuating children. There was a famous survey, which the government took to see how successful the war was, this was called the Mass Observation Survey. ...read more.

Conclusion

I think that this postcard shows that children did not enjoy their stay with the foster families as at the end she says: "I hope I can come home soon." This source does not make evacuation look successful. In total there was over 1 million people sent away on evacuation and all of these remained safe from death, which was the whole idea of it. The government came up with this to stop children dying or getting injured due to battle, and this is what happened. In one view I believe that evacuation was a success as there were so many people who actually went through with it. Also some children liked where they were moved to so much that they continued to live there after the war. Another view however is that it caused a lot of emotional pain for many families to let their children go and also changed so many lives of the country side public through no fault of their own. From analysing the above sources I found that the one's which showed a good side to it were more reliable and useful for evidence and the one's showing that evacuation wasn't successful are not as reliable or exactly accurate. Therefore from the sources I think that evacuation was very successful and a great idea that had a huge impact on the Second World War in the U.K. ...read more.

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